The Banking Concept of Education is fueled by the idea that the students know nothing, and the teacher must deposit information into them. Paolo Freire believed that "Education thus becomes an act of depositing, in which the students are the depositories and the teacher is the depositor. Instead of communicating, the teacher issues communiques and makes deposits which the students patiently receive, memorize, and repeat." Freire goes on to state "Projecting an absolute ignorance onto others, a characteristic of the ideology of oppression, negates education and knowledge as processes of inquiry. " Who is to say that the students canvas is blank? they have lived, and experienced things as humans that they can offer, and draw from to better facilitate the use of information being taught. Freire takes takes value in the mind of the individual, therefore acknowledging a unique set of information that may be of importance to them.
The banking concept is not oppressive because it is simply individuals who are trained to teach lesser minds such as students and guide them into the world. Students don't know everything and that is why The Banking Concept is a good concept because students need to be taught and molded into functioning members of society and that could not possibly be done without being taught and molded in a classroom by professionals. "Education must begin with the solution of the teacher-student contradiction, by reconciling the poles of the contradiction so that both are simultaneously teachers and students."
Who exactly, is elligable to determine which minds are lesser? The Banking Concept of Education defines students existing knowledge as mundane, and unimportant, and therefore oppressive. Freire states "Projecting an absolute ignorance onto others, a characteristic of the ideology of oppression, negates education and knowledge as processes of inquiry. The teacher presents himself to his students as their necessary opposite; by considering their ignorance absolute, he justifies his own existence." In other words, the instructor bases his importance off of the assumed ignorance of his students, when in reality there isn't any way that one person would be able to completely evaluate and understand the basic knowledge derived from life experiences of every single student they encounter.
When you say " when in reality there isn't any way that one person would be able to completely evaluate and understand the basic knowledge derived from life experiences of every single student they encounter. " that is just the thing. Freire can not possibly know every student he encounters is so called 'ignorant' nor can he determine that every student is miserable in which the way that they are taught. Men are not born with the knowledge of the world. They don't know math or science or history or even religion. All of these things must be taught in a classroom. What most people are forgetting about The Banking Concept is that while in the classroom the teacher knows all and teaches all the students the crucial facts and life lessons they need to know, but while it is their responsibility to take what they are taught inside the classroom and apply it on the outside in the real world. No one is saying that for the rest of their lives they need to be pushed over and obey direct orders but in order for them to be intelligent individuals they must learn the fundamentals of school.