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kathleenng
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simonesimmons
Con (against)
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The Chinese Communist Revolution Positively Impacted China's Well-Being

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 6/24/2015 Category: Politics
Updated: 1 year ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 340 times Debate No: 76889
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kathleenng

Pro

The Chinese Communist Revolution positively impacted China despite some belief. Mao Zedong took a great step forward to revolutionize China, and its society. He said, "China will be free of inequality, poverty and foreign domination." which he succeeded to achieve. Peasants were guaranteed income and education. In fact, the literacy rate before the Chinese Communist Revolution was a mere 15-25% also lacking national curricular goals; but after 1949 under Mao's new leadership, China's literacy rates increased tremendously. He established schools in both rural and urban areas, and without Mao's push in education, China would not be where they are today. Now China has a national literacy rate of over 95%, and there is over 99% of Chinese children enrolled in school.

This was only one of Mao's great steps to pushing China in the right direction forward. He turned China from a largely uncivilized society to a modern industrial nation. He provided to the peasants what would have never been provided prior the revolution. Social classes became less relevant as the nation's wealth increased, producing national pride for China. Factory workers' well-being were being paid more attention to, to create much comfortable working environments for them. As the innovation of machinery increased, the mass production and quality of goods did as well, decreasing product prices. This provided a larger accessibility to quality goods and at much cheaper prices, which increased the quality of life in China.
simonesimmons

Con

Kathleen, I disagree with your argument. Although Chairman Mao's intention was to 'revolutionise' China and create a country 'free of 'inequality, poverty and foreign domination', China's well-being was, in many ways, more harmed than benefited. Firstly, you discuss the increase in literacy rates. Indeed, this is a true fact, however, the established schools were primarily in rural areas as Mao didn't want the intellectual, educated and those with a voice to influence others and possibly initiate an uprising. Mao sent educated citizens to rural areas to work in agriculture; isolated from the city centre. Additionally, those who graduated high-school were also sent to the countryside because Mao thought it was necessary for graduates to be re-educated by farmers and peasants. Four million high school and college graduates and 16 million students were sent to remote farm land to preform manual labour. So although the literacy rates increased, so many skills were wasted and so many opportunities missed because those who had something to offer to society, were stuck working in the fields until the revolution ended.

Secondly, you debate the economic and social benefits of the cultural revolution. Since China became a classless society, the nation's wealth didn't increase and nor the the national pride because the enthusiasm of the Red Guards nearly pushed China into social turmoil, the economy collapsed, citizens lost their possessions, politicians, land-owners and the upper-class lost their jobs and properties; more and more citizens became peasants and the scarcity of food drastically increased. The production and quality of goods didn't increases, but rather decrease, and the product prices increased. The amount of rice grains produced in a year decreased greatly and cotton production also dropped dramatically. Due to the decreased production, the price for rice increases and the price for cotton fabrics and clothes also increased.Also, transportation also became a significant problem for the Chinese people since industrial production dropped during the harsh ten years.

Further, those who were the direct targets of poverty, hard-ship and Mao's rule couldn't bear the stress and either resorted to murder or suicide. In August and September. 1966, 1,772 people were murdered in Beijing alone. in Shanghai there were 705 suicides and 534 deaths. In Wuhan there were 62 suicides and 32 murders during the same period. In Mao: The Unknown Story, Jung Chang and John Halliday claim that as many as 3 million people died in the violence of the Cultural Revolution. Sociologist Daniel Chirot claimed that around 100 million people suffered and at least one million people, perhaps as many as 20 million, died in the Cultural Revolution.

Most of the significant information is stated in the above rebuttal paragraphs, however, I would like to expand on the long-term after-effects of this 'revolution' - not. The impact of sending intellectuals and fresh-high school and college students to rural areas denied China of so much possible innovation - you never know, one of those people could have been young Jack Ma. After the revolution ended, those who had experienced the worst of the revolution were denied many work opportunities and were often discriminated upon - this hurts well-being. The educational system took around 9 years to repair and the economy even longer. People were left to suffer in poverty, and for many, educational opportunity was forever over. The so-called 'cultural revolution', the 'step forward to revolutionise China' was a disaster that nearly destroyed China's human well being.

Sources:
http://historyday.crf-usa.org...
http://www.slideshare.net...
http://history12.qataracademy.wikispaces.net...
Mao: The Unknown Story
Mother
Debate Round No. 1
kathleenng

Pro

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simonesimmons

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Debate Round No. 2
kathleenng

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simonesimmons

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Debate Round No. 3
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