There are more than 10 different states of matter
As Pro I will be arguing that there are more than 10 states of matter. My opponent will be arguing that there are less than 10 states of matter.
Round 1: Acceptance - please state how many states of matter you believe there are
Round 2: Main points and justifications (no rebuttals)
Round 3: Rebuttals
Failure to abide by the rules will result in all points going to the opposing side.
In chemistry, there are four states of matter: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma.
In alchemy, there are also four states of matter: earth, water, air, and fire.
Unless there's some reality I am not aware of, I win this debate.
My opponent concedes in the comments but I would still like to continue this debate if possible.
states of matter are distinguished by changes in specific heat capacity, pressure and temperature. States are distinguished by a discontinuity in one of those properties: for example, raising the temperature of ice produces a clear discontinuity at 0 °C as energy goes into phase transition, instead of temperature increase.
In the 20th century, increased understanding of the more exotic properties of matter has resulted in many additional states of matter, none of which are observed in normal conditions.
The list is ordered roughly in terms of increasing energy density.
This is already more than 10 states of matter and we haven't even begun on the modern states and the very high energy states. The bullet points aren't really working properly so I wont list all of the states of matter here since it is unneccessary. I have already provided you with over 10 states of matter.
In case my opponent is unaware I will state the dictionary definition of the states of matter:
States of Matter: In physics, a state of matter is one of the distinct forms that matter takes on. Four states of matter are observable in everyday life: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma.
As I have pointed out in bold in this defintion. Just because only four states of matter are observable in everyday life this does not mean that there are only 4 states of matter. Many schools teach only the four states of matter since the rest of the states of matter will confuse children and the knowledge is not needed unless they take it as one of there higher exams. People who do not take on further science and look at the topic in depth will think that there are only four states of matter however as I have shown there are many more states of matter.
Pro's examples of what he/she calls "Colloids" are flawed.
Colloids: Butter is a usually a solid. Shaving cream is viscous, but would probably be classified as a liquid.
Pro provided no examples for nine out of ten of his/her ten states of matter. Also, as implied in my previous sentence, Pro only provided 10 states of matter on his list, not more. Unless he/she can prove that a certain element can have more than 10 different states of matter,his/her argument is unsubstantiated.
Your move, Pro.
My opponent has stated that I have a lack of examples. I will begin my debate by proving an example for each of the states of matter that were previously listed.
Amorphous Solid: Candy floss
Crystalline Solid: Gold
Plastic Crystal: Methane I and Ethane I [modification]
Liquid Crystal: cell membranes
Disordered Hyperuniformity: Mud
Colloids: Shaving foam (this is neither a liquid or a solid it is a colloid, which is technically both)
My opponent has asked me to prove that a certain element can have more than 10 states of matter. I may be misinterpreting this but based on my understanding of that my opponent thinks that to prove my claim I have to give an example of an element with all of the states of matter. That is impossible. I never claimed that this could happen.
What Pro is obviously thinking about is sub classifications of matter.
Amorphous solids are part of the classification of solids. The same goes for crystalline solids. Plastic Crystals are Gases (Methane is a gas).
All of Pro's examples are either solids, liquids, gases, or plasma(s)... don't really know if that's plural.
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