The Instigator
KhalidAlSaad
Pro (for)
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The Contender
zan_theboss
Con (against)
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There is a pressing need for a Universal Declaration of Animal Rights

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 3/6/2014 Category: Politics
Updated: 3 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 559 times Debate No: 48479
Debate Rounds (5)
Comments (4)
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KhalidAlSaad

Pro

There is a pressing need for a Universal Declaration of Animal Rights compiled in a manner similar to that of the human rights declaration. Such a document would serve to legally ensure the worldwide protection of the entire range of Earth"s fauna. It should embody the full power or international law and define not only the basic animal rights but also clearly determine strict sanctions and consequences for those who cross them either with actions or with the luck of such.

The idea of Animal Rights is a relatively new one " it has been around for barely more than four decades. In its core are the beliefs that non-human animals possess a set of basic rights similar to those of the human beings. It raises serous ethical and moral questions which seem to grow more and more appealing to the modern population of the world. This notion is strengthened by the raising amount of negative publicity of burning issues such as loss of biodiversity, destruction of natural habitats, environmental protection, conservation of endangered species, pouching, illegal animal trafficking, animal fights as a twisted form of entertainment and gambling, animals being neglected or kept in unsuitable conditions, animals as subjects of laboratory experiments and testing of drugs and cosmetic products, abuse, brutality and violence committed against animals, etc.

But even if nowadays probably every country in the world has certain laws on animal cruelty, abuse and neglect, these laws are limited by borders and not internationally enforced. Thus it is relatively easy for parties and businesses (especially large ones) engaged in such activities to find loopholes in the legal system or to transfer or register their operations to countries in which their activities are considered to be legal.

But unlike human beings, animals are not categorized as citizens of a certain country, and they are not confined by borders. At best, the animals" protection is legally up to the government whose territory the animals inhabit. The efforts of one country to protect a certain species can go to waste if another country fails to protect it during migration season for example. Usually, due to the lack of attention on the side of national authorities, or the difficult cooperation between countries and states, the rights of the animals are actually defended by private, non-government and non-profit organizations, many of which rely on charity for their funding. So it is very necessary for a universal law regarding non-human animals and their rights to be designed, accepted and signed by the nations of the world. We have already recognized our own rights with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and it is high time that we turn our attention towards the rest of the inhabitants of our planet, before it is too late to do so.

Crafting an internationally accepted universal law to defend the biodiversity is crucial, probably now more than ever. Not only it would raise the public"s awareness of the problem, but it would also oblige both local politics and international authorities to enforce this law and protect the many species it applies to. In order to illustrate these claims, as well as to underline the urgent need for internationally recognized law on Animal Rights, both of the examples given below are related to species which easily cross borders and inhabit shifting multinational territories.

According to the latest statistics, as of February 27, 2014, 146 rhinos have been killed by poachers in Africa in 2014 alone. This makes more than two rhino murders per day. For a comparison, 1004 rhinos were killed in 2013, and 668 rhinos were killed in 2012. So in just a year, between 2012 and 2013, the number has escalated with about one rhino more killed every single day. Experts state that with such an increasing pace of poaching the South African rhino population can be wiped out within the next ten years.

Thanks to documentaries such as the 2010 Academy Award Winner "The Cove" the general public became more aware of the slaughter of dolphins in Japan and across the world. But what you probably don"t know is that commercial fishing and dolphin hunting is not the only threat to the sea mammals. Oil drilling and noise pollution are here as well. Seismic testing and air gun testing which are common practices in mapping the ocean floor in search of new sources of energy pose an imminent danger, and not just for dolphins, but for whales and other ocean life forms as well. Just recently the New York Times has reported the intentions of the Obama administration to move in the Atlantic in its search for oil. As the article states, this "could be a death sentence for many marine mammals" and "up to 27,000 dolphins and 4,600 whales could die or be injured annually during exploration periods, and that three million more would suffer various behavioral changes."

Fortunately the first steps in the right direction have already been taken by some countries. Just last year India took a strong ethic stand on animal preservation and announced that they officially recognize dolphins as non-human persons, granting them unprecedented protection and shitting down all dolphin parks across the entire country. Their commendable efforts were recently followed by the Malibu City Council, which declared that all cetaceans (whales and dolphins) within its shoreline are granted the right to live. Malibu is the very first American city to defend the rights of the cetaceans, but hopefully soon others will join. Not to mention that the rest of the world"s nations still need to follow these examples. And I urge you all to consider, support and advocate the creation and the acceptance of a Universal Declaration of Animal Rights.
zan_theboss

Con

I disagree with your statement that there is a pressing need for a universal declaration of animal rights. I do agree that endangered species should be protected but the United States has no need to get involved in international affairs.
Debate Round No. 1
KhalidAlSaad

Pro

KhalidAlSaad forfeited this round.
zan_theboss

Con

I'm waiting for you to do something other than posting your opinion than doing nothing else.
Debate Round No. 2
KhalidAlSaad

Pro

KhalidAlSaad forfeited this round.
zan_theboss

Con

zan_theboss forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 3
KhalidAlSaad

Pro

KhalidAlSaad forfeited this round.
zan_theboss

Con

zan_theboss forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 4
KhalidAlSaad

Pro

KhalidAlSaad forfeited this round.
zan_theboss

Con

zan_theboss forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 5
4 comments have been posted on this debate. Showing 1 through 4 records.
Posted by Zhege 3 years ago
Zhege
Pro did not specify it was the duty of any individual nation or that the governments need to unify themselves to propose the declaration for animals. I believe a legitimate third party would have to do it, such as the United Nations keeps countries in check for basic human rights. This could be a different organization or expanding United Nations to include a branch dedicated to animal rights. While the UN is unrelated to animals, the international courts in which people will be prosecuted won't be.
Posted by andrewmottley14 3 years ago
andrewmottley14
i agree with Zan the boss. i think that the united states has enough problems right now and we dont have the time to get involved in the affairs of the animals. let them solve it.
Posted by Zhege 3 years ago
Zhege
Human rights is a controversial subject already. How are we expected to agree on animals? And most of what you said is needed in your second paragraph is already implemented in various countries.

As part of the Universal Declaration of Animal Rights are we not allowed to kill them for their meat? You did not mention this subject, which is already a big subject about animal rights.
Posted by Theunkown 3 years ago
Theunkown
If a bear kills a human, then does the bear go to jail?
No, I do not think that animals need rights since they do not have the same laws as us.
Besides even if animals have rights. Then a lion cannot kill a deer because that would be defined as murder.

By the way pro said ".. shitting down all dolphin parks across the entire country[India]."
I laughed so hard - i know you meant shutting down but wow.. (sorry about that I had to do it :D)
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