War is said to be a rational act. Since Europe has abandoned war as a political instrument, is the c
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I am slightly confused about how Euorope has to do with this, But I digress. War, in my opinion, is wholly irrational.
War is a rational act, but before I proceed further I would like to shed light on the definition of being rational. Although, many disciplines have different definitions for rationality all of them share the common characteristic of involving the use of reason and logic. However, in international relations being rational can be examined through the domain of rational choice model. The rational choice model in a nutshell is based on the notion of utility maximization in this case the utility being power. Prisoners dilemma is quintessential in explaining why war is a rational act since it simplifies the assumptions associated with decision making by a state. The decision to cooperate with fellow actors, or to pursue its own self interest through war. Based on the prisoners dilemma the act of waging war is simply a nation pursuing its self interest. However, any rational actor will undertake the action if his marginal net benefit is higher than the marginal cost. That is if the benefit from waging war such as access to new territory or access to precious resources is significantly higher than the cost of going to war for example the cost of weaponary,loss to life, reparation payments, but also the opportunity cost of going to war then waging the war is in a nations best interest.
The Prussian military theorist Carl Von CLausewitz defined war as a continuation of politics through other means. Therefore, war is primarily a political tool to achieve the desired self interests. War can not be irrational because one does not wage wage war based on emotions, enthused sense of nationalism. From example during the missile crisis both the USSR and USA did exercise the use of their nuclear arsenal because no one benefit exceeded the cost therefore the use of nuclear weapons would have led to mutual destruction for both. Therefore, war can not be irrational since both agents engage in the utilitarian frame work whether they are realists or liberals and that is why this resolution must stand.
js93 forfeited this round.
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