The Instigator
BrettBoelkens
Pro (for)
The Contender
Nuevo
Con (against)

Wealthy Nations Have an Obligation to Provide Developmental Assistance

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 11/25/2017 Category: Politics
Updated: 7 months ago Status: Debating Period
Viewed: 354 times Debate No: 105294
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BrettBoelkens

Pro

*Please forgive my english. This is badly formatted since this was copied from my LD case, and I wanted to see how it is. Other responses won't be so.

According to the World Health Organization, 5 and a half million children die every year, strictly under the age of 5. That"s about 15,000 a day, 600 an hour, and 10 or so a minute. That means that before I reach the end of this sentence, some child very likely will die in agony This preventable suffering is morally unacceptable. By extension, I affirm the resolution. Wealthy nations have an obligation to provide developmental assistance to other nations.

For the purposes of this debate, wealthy nations will be defined as first world nations. Developmental assistance will be defined as assistance given by foreign nations administered with the promotion of the economic development. Other nations will be defined as third world nations.
The negation can"t merely cite examples of aid gone wrong to prove that aid overall is bad. They must prove that, generally speaking, developmental assistance doesn"t benefit.

Contention 1: Humans have an obligation to reduce suffering
Sub point A: It is our moral duty
Singer, 72
if it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, without thereby sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, we ought, morally, to do it. [for the sake of argument,] if I am walking past a shallow pond and see a child drowning in it, I ought to wade in and pull the child out. This will mean [I"d have to get a new suit] but this is insignificant, while the death of the child would presumably be a very bad thing. It makes no moral difference whether the person I can help is a neighbor's child ten yards from me or a Bengali whose name I shall never know, ten thousand miles away. [It is well within the capacity of peoples of rich nations to prevent these avoidable deaths and to reduce this misery. To ignore the plight of people is as morally reprehensible as failing to save a child drowning in a pool because of the inconvenience of getting one"s clothes wet.]

Contention 2: Developmental assistance helps reduce suffering and increase human welfare
Sub point A: Marshall Plan
McFarland, 17

[Imagine post WWII Europe, ravaged by the deadliest war in history economy in ruins. The Marshall plan fixed that, and helped make western Europe what it is today.]
the Marshall Plan provided unequaled sums of money to an impoverished Western Europe, stopping a humanitarian disaster and helping spur long-term economic recovery. [Because of the plan] The standard of living in participating countries grew almost 150 percent over the next three decades, [and] set the Europeans on a road to the formation of NATO.

Sub point B: It causes an increase in life expectancy and a decrease in child mortality
Stanford University of Medicine, 14
Foreign aid for health care is directly linked to an increase in life expectancy and a decrease in child mortality in developing countries, [Stanford] researchers examined health-aid programs [for 30 years in] 140 countries and found that, health-aid grants led to improvements [regarding life expectancy and child mortality] with lasting effects [for years following]

Sub point C: Developmental Aid is proven to work
Randlet, Brookings Institute senior fellow, 16
(http://solutions.heritage.org...)

[According to the Brookings Institute, a multitude of independent studies have shown the positive impacts of aid on development. Aid programs focused on health have saved millions of lives. the Institute of Medicine concluded that [health care AID] has saved and improved the lives of millions. in recent years the preponderance of research has shown a positive impact of aid on growth all published in respected academic journals, In 2015, USAID" improved the nutrition of more than 18 million children. in Afghanistan, less than 1 million children attended schools in 2002, and almost none were girls. Today there are 9 million children in school, including more than 3.5 million girls [because of aid]. ince the end of the Cold War, aid has helped support democratic transitions both by reinforcing broad development progress and by supporting civil society organizations,

As human beings, we have a moral obligation to help our fellow creature, and help alleviate suffering. To do otherwise is as reprehensible as letting a child drown because of the inconvenience of getting one"s clothes wet.
Past developmental assistance has clearly worked, in the case of the European Theatre and South Korea.
As of now, aid has been proven to work in the long term from multiple academic publications and studies, such as those from Stanford, Brookings Institute and the Institute of Medicine. Developmental aid helps reduce child mortality, disease, and poverty and increases life expectancy, economic growth, living standards, and education.
To quote Nobel Peace prize winner and Saint Mother Teresa "it is a kingly act to assist the fallen," and I think we have good reason to agree with her. For these reasons I urge an affirmative vote.
Nuevo

Con

I thank BrettBoelkens for hosting this debate and am excited to engage in a competitive and intellectual discussion until the end. I wish my opponent the best of luck!

Introduction:
No nation should partake in an obligation that, as a result, jeopardizes its best individual interests.
The principal advocacy in the side of the opposition is the principle individualism; to uphold the general welfare of a nation as an individual body. Under this framework, a nation"s interest ought to be ethically paramount, its rights, liberty, and wellness at first priority. Therefore, a nation should protect and preserve itself, which is to say its people, government, and property, and abolish matters detrimental to its growth and stability. Consequently, if a nation aims to provide support but inflicts damage to another, directly or otherwise, hurting the latter"s welfare and the former"s interests, the framework is violated.

In lending developmental assistance (DA), individualism is strongly violated. I have two main arguments:
1. DA is an impediment to a nation"s growth.
2. DA inflicts immorality to its recipients.

Crux:

I. DA is an impediment to a nation"s growth.

First World Nations (FWN) may lead the world in terms of business, education, and economy, but their burdens are of the same magnitude. Other than being robust and powerful, FWNs are also among the countries who lead in:

A. Leaders in Counter Terrorism
The U.S. outpaces all other nations in military expenditures. World military spending totaled more than $1.6 trillion in 2015. The U.S. accounted for 37 percent of the total.
U.S. military spending dwarfs the budget of the #2 country " China. For every dollar China spends on its military, the U.S. spends $2.77.[1]
In fiscal year 2015, military spending is projected to account for 54 percent of all federal discretionary spending, a total of $598.5 billion. Military spending includes international military assistance. [2]
The US-led coalition against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Isil) now counts 62 countries among its members, together with UK and Canada. [3]
The Bureau of Counterterrorism and Countering Violent Extremism"s mission is to promote U.S. national security by taking a leading role in developing coordinated strategies and approaches to defeat terrorism abroad and securing the counterterrorism cooperation of international partners.[4]

B. Most Dangerous Prisons
The Criminal Justice Degree Hub lists ten of the most violent and dangerous security facilities in the world and six out of ten of these prisons are located in America. [5]

C. Drug and Alcohol Addiction

United Kingdom
It is estimated that 1.6 million people in England are alcohol dependent. However, what is more terrifying is that only 6.4% of this number will actually receive treatment for substance abuse. To exacerbate the problem, alcohol is now 40% more affordable in the UK compared to the 80s. Incidentally, 52% of men and 53% of women in the UK drink more than the recommended amount of alcohol at least once during the average week. Also, the country is reportedly a major consumer of Southwest Asian heroin and Latin American cocaine.

Canada
According to Drug War Facts, prevalence of marijuana use among Canadians age 15 and older was 10.2% in 2012. Similarly, the total direct social costs associated with combined illicit drugs in Canada amounts to $3.5 billion.

United States
Reportedly, 7 out of 10 Americans have been on at least one prescription painkiller in their lifetime. The National Institute on Drug Abuse estimates that 52 million people in the United States over the age of 12 have used prescription drugs in the US. CNN reported that 47,055 people died from drug overdoses in 2014. In addition, 61% of all drug overdose deaths are attributed to opioid abuse. However, a more alarming statistic comes from SAMHSA administrator, Pamela S. Hyde, who states that almost 5,500 people start to misuse prescription painkillers every day. [9]

These are countries which are under constant threat. America alone loses billions of dollars in an attempt to send assistance to less developed countries (LDC) due to the receiving country"s misuse and corruption [7]. The assistance should be better allocated to bolster America"s law enforcement, healthcare and medication, education, governmental action, safety and security of the people among others. FWNs carry the burden of solving these issues and if they fail to address looming crises and contain its danger, no lesser nation can combat the magnitude that wreaks havoc even to FWNs. If a nation struggles with its own burden and helps others in vain, its best interests are not ethically paramount. Moreover, if a nation struggles with the world"s greatest threats, it is ethically paramount for the individual nation to address it, even if it means not helping other nations, since it pursues a greater moral mission.

II. DA inflicts immorality to its recipients.
Foreign aid is counter-intuitive, hurting the poor.
Deaton, an economist at Princeton University who studied poverty in India and South Africa and spent decades working at the World Bank, won his prize for studying how the poor decide to save or spend money. According to Deaton, and the economists who agree with him, much of the $135 billion that the world"s most developed countries spent on official aid in 2014 may not have ended up helping the poor [6]
Corruption is estimated to increase the cost of achieving the UN Millennium Development Goal on water and sanitation by US $48 billion.
An estimated US $800 million of public funds are lost each year due to tax evasion in Palestine.
TI helped address the situation in Palestine where more than 6000 civil servants were using Government cars, costing over US $18 million in fuel, maintenance and licensing alone. Many were being used for personal journeys.
Councillors in Zimbabwe work with housing officials to buy up property and sell it on at exorbitant prices " sometimes at up to 10 times its market value " to families desperate for a home.
In Bangladesh 84% of the households who had interacted with one or more of different public and private service sectors or institutions have been victims of corruption in 2010. 33% of these people experienced corruption in corruption-resources-corruption-resources-healthcare services.
Findings from a seven-country study in Africa " Ghana Madagascar, Morocco, Niger, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Uganda " showed that 44 per cent of the parents surveyed had paid illegal fees for schools that were legally free for their children.[7]
The low level income families are suffering from inflation. Their monthly income is not sufficient now because they hosted their relatives fleeing the drought," said Ahmed Abdi, a university student who earning a degree in economics.

Most of the agencies deal with contractors who buy the needed supply. In turn, those contractors routinely sell the goods for a 'made-up' price [8]
It is clear that DA creates the opportunity and prolongs the rampant practice of corruption. It only benefits the rich companies and their employers, leaving the proletariat unattended. Basic commodity prices become higher in the market which is caused by large businesses" greed for more money. This exacerbates the living conditions of poverty-stricken families. Thus, DA misses its target. If a nation desires to help and ends up destroying the lives of the low class, hurting the recipient"s over-all welfare, and wasting its purest efforts to send assistance, its interests are not ethically paramount, also violating the sacred morality to which the effort carries greatly.
Conclusion:
Wealthy nations have no moral obligation in lending developmental assistance when (a) the assistance that should have been more beneficial to its growth is sent to its recipient in vain, and (b) its purest desires to lend support is transformed to immoral actions such as corruption and greed.

I negate.

Sources:
[1] https://www.nationalpriorities.org......
[3] www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/syria/11124070/Who-is-in-the-anti-Islamic-State-coalition-and-what-they-are-contributing.html
[7] www.transparency.org.uk/corruption/corruption-statistics/corruption-cost-for-developing-countries/#.WfhpZqkRXqB
[8] piracyreport.com/index.php/post/1713/The_Impact_of_Foreign_Aid_Inflation
Debate Round No. 1
BrettBoelkens

Pro

I will counter my opponent"s claims in the order he makes them.

Rather than advocating for individualism, shouldn"t we help those in need. Of course the first world has problems, but that of course is a fact of life. We will always have problems, and we can"t wait till every problem is solved to help others. Third world nations problems are much more monstrous and grotesque than ours. We have problems with drugs and alcohol, while the third world has problems like the starvation of children, dictatorships, HIV epidemics and such. Arguably, our problems are much less significant than our theirs, and are more often than not self inflicted. Either way, did my opponent cite even one instance of a country falling into despotism and economic failure as a result of giving too much aid. He does in fact cite a rise in drug and alcohol use, but if he wants to use this, he must prove causation and not merely correlation. The first world has given trillions of dollars in developmental assistance over the past decades, and none have fallen from their position"s as a result of too much aid. As a result of the Marshall Plan, the US made sure Europe recovered, and most most of whom is now in NATO. Without NATO, there wouldn"t hardly anyone to country the USSR"s Warsaw during the Cold War besides the US.

The brave soldiers that have helped fight in the War on Terror are heros, but this doesn"t mean that our anti terrorism efforts are effective. Our venture into the Middle East has lasted for more than a decade, and it still seems no closer to ending. After the fall of Al Qaeda, ISIS and ISIL took its place, and unless we do something different when ISIL falls, we can easily expect another regime to fill the power vacuum. It isn"t like WWII, where we could just topple the Third Reich and get over with it. Rather it"s like as if a Fourth Reich appeared appeared after the fall of the third, if you can forgive my analogy.

We don"t have 6 of the most dangerous prisons according to the list. According to my opponent"s source, Criminal Justice Degree Hub, it"s 4, with one of them being listed is Alcatraz, which has been closed for more than half a century. Funny enough, the list doesn"t mention any of the prisons in say North Korea, which arguably could fill the top 10 list all on it"s own. It could be said the whole country is a prison. Nor does it include any of the prisons in Somalia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Sudan, Yemen, or Zimbabwe, which should be given the titles human rights abuses rather than countries. This point is completely void.

As said before, our drug and alcohol problems are rather self inflicted, and much less significant than the problems of child prostitution and such in the third world.

My opponent dropped my point on the Marshall Plan, health benefits and USAID points on Afghanistan. Those still stand.

My point only brings up corruption to counter the benefits of aid. How is corruption increased by developmental aid? Please prove the causality between giving aid and an increase in corruptionAdditionally, how does one calculate how much corruption there is or how much of a problem it causes? My opponent cites a plethora of data and statistics but doesn"t explain how those numbers were calculated nor the methods of the studies. Till that is done, we can"t see how reliable those studies are. Corruption is only minor, and the third world clearly still benefits from the aid despite the corruption.

In conclusion, the first world does have it's own problems, yet they are insignificant to the third world. We still have a moral obligation to help these people since they are our fellow human beings. For these reasons you must vote for the affirmative.
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Debate Round No. 3
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