Were the Nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki needed and/or justified?
2)It was State Terrorism. The main casualties were Civilians. Over 100,000 innocent people died, Children and Elders, Babies. It was a way to quickly scare the Japanese into surrender.
After the fall of the Third Reich there was many calls for Japan to surrender. Even with Russia joining in the fight they was many indications that Japan was in for the war until the last man. My opponent brings but that the Japanese military was no longer able to fight a long war. It was not only the military that would have to be fought. Japan made every every indication that it would be against every single Japanese citizen.
“Prime Minister Hideki Tojo had called for "100 million gyokusai (we call them IEDs today),” and that the entire Japanese population be prepared to die.” (1)
During this time there was a rise in kamikaze style attacks. (1)
The was no indication that the war was only a few months away from being won. There was every indication this would be a long war with heavy losses on both sides. (1)
In addition the Japaneses people were warned about the bombs ahead of time.
In the Potsdam Declaration a ultimatum was induced that stated: "We call upon the Government of Japan to proclaim now the unconditional surrender of all the Japanese armed forces…the alternative for Japan is prompt and utter destruction.
Before the first bomb leaflets were dropped that stated:
“Read this carefully as it may save your life or the life of a relative or friend. In the next few days, some or all of the cities named on the reverse side will be destroyed by American bombs. These cities contain military installations and workshops or factories which produce military goods. We are determined to destroy all of the tools of the military clique which they are using to prolong this useless war. But, unfortunately, bombs have no eyes. So, in accordance with America's humanitarian policies, the American Air Force, which does not wish to injure innocent people, now gives you warning to evacuate the cities named and save your lives. America is not fighting the Japanese people but is fighting the military clique which has enslaved the Japanese people. The peace which America will bring will free the people from the oppression of the military clique and mean the emergence of a new and better Japan. You can restore peace by demanding new and good leaders who will end the war. We cannot promise that only these cities will be among those attacked but some or all of them will be, so heed this warning and evacuate these cities immediately” (2)
Before the second bomb leaflets were dropped that stated:
“We are in possession of the most destructive explosive ever devised by man. A single one of our newly developed atomic bombs is actually the equivalent in explosive power to what 2000 of our giant B-29s can carry on a single mission. This awful fact is one for you to ponder and we solemnly assure you it is grimly accurate.”
“You should take steps now to cease military resistance. Otherwise, we shall resolutely employ this bomb and all our other superior weapons to promptly and forcefully end the war.”
“A single one of our newly developed atomic bombs is actually the equivalent in explosive power to what 2000 of our giant B-29s could have carried on a single mission. Radio Tokyo has told you that with the first use of this weapon of total destruction, Hiroshima was virtually destroyed.”
“Act at once or we shall resolutely employ this bomb and all our other superior weapons to promptly and forcefully end the war.”
“because of your leaders' refusal to accept the surrender declaration that would enable Japan to honorably end this useless war, we have employed our atomic bomb.”
“EVACUATE YOUR CITIES.”
“EVACUATE YOUR CITIES.”
(3 full text in proper order can be view at this source.)
Not all of the Japanese people are against the dropping of the bombs:
“In 1983, at the annual observance of Hiroshima's destruction, an aging Japanese professor recalled that at war’s end, due to the extreme food rationing, he had weighed less than 90 pounds and could scarcely climb a flight of stairs. "I couldn't have survived another month," he said. "If the military had its way, we would have fought until all 80 million Japanese were dead. Only the atomic bomb saved me. Not me alone, but many Japanese, ironically speaking, were saved by the atomic bomb."(1)
Masterire forfeited this round.
While the dropping of the atomic bombs may not have be moral I have meet my BoP that they were needed and justified.
|Agreed with before the debate:||-||-||0 points|
|Agreed with after the debate:||-||-||0 points|
|Who had better conduct:||-||-||1 point|
|Had better spelling and grammar:||-||-||1 point|
|Made more convincing arguments:||-||-||3 points|
|Used the most reliable sources:||-||-||2 points|
|Total points awarded:||0||6|