Western society as we know it would not exist had the Greeks lost the Persian wars
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I did not write this I only agree with it's entirety. Taken from a passage at http://kwltimes.wordpress.com...
The Persian Empire, like all empires of antiquity, was not one to have a dogmatic culture. Rather than simply impose its culture on others, it instead created Satrapies, which operated as autonomous vassal states. The Greeks would still be Greek; they would still worship Zeus, and they would still have democracy and build buildings like the Parthenon. The only difference is that they would have to pay tribute to the Emperor, and would provide soldiers for his army. The Greek, especially Athenian, was the best suited to the region, and it would have made sense to the Persians to preserve the culture. Persia conquered Egypt, Anatolia and large portions of Central Asia, but they retained their cultures until long after the fall of Persia to Alexander.
Also, Ancient Greece was essentially the world's first colonial power. It held colonies as far afield as Spain, the Bosporus, Cyrenaica and Italy. This is without mentioning the essentially Hellenic Carthaginian States, which dominated Tunisia, Algeria and Tripolitania. The Greek culture already had a foothold in most of the Mediterranean, and it had influenced the tribes and city states living there extensively. The Romans were rather Hellenicised, though they combined it with the Etruscan and Samnite penchant for war. Do you think that all of the Greek colonies would have been abandoned because Persia was in control? Of course they wouldn't have been. They would still be part of whichever city founded them, and would continue to exert influence.
The Persian Empire would have been a force for stability within Greece as well. There would be no more scrapping city states that allowed Philip of Macedon to invade. Greece would be bound together by its feudal master, and in actual fact, the culture would have probably flourished due to the Athenians being able to focus more on culture than on warfare. Though Napoleon would not have had Julius Caesar and Alexander the Great to be inspired by, he would have been able to look to the military leaders of the Persian Empire, such as Cyrus the Great and, as you said, King Xerxes, and all of the military leaders Persia would go on to produce.
Neoclassicism would still have existed also. Ancient Greece's culture would not have been wiped out, and the Romans would still have become the dominant tribe of Italy, so its neighbours would have been subjugated as easily. The Persian Empire would reach the end of its life cycle, and Rome would take advantage of this and conquer what remained of it. This is only natural, as all great powers have a limited shelf life before they implode. It happened with Babylon with the rise of Persia, it happened with Rome, Byzantium, Charlemagne's Empire, the Mughal Empire, the Aztecs and Incas, Spain, France, Britain, China, and now it is happening to the United States. The Persian Empire would still have declined, especially given the inept, increasingly narrowing genepool Persia's leaders were originating from, and the internal conflicts that escalated. Either way, it would have become a footnote in history before too long, and certainly wouldn't have seen the Common Era. Rome would have exerted similar cultural influence on western society, and with it Greek, which would in turn have lead to a rediscovery of the classics. Perhaps the only difference would be the influence of Persian culture may have been greater, and Washington DC may look a little more like Persepolis.
Besides, democracy was not purely an Ancient Greek invention, other than the name. It actually originated in Sumeria, where they even had an upper and a lower house, and was passed onto the Greeks from there. Athens was the only remotely democratic Greek state; the rest were feudal monarchies. Democracy in the Greek form was also present in India, where independent republics kown as 'Sanghas' and 'Gana', the former a democratic republic and the latter a constitutional monarchy. So democracy would still have existed, despite the Ancient Greeks bending the knee to Persia.
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1 votes has been placed for this debate.
Vote Placed by Subutai 3 years ago
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Reasons for voting decision: Con at least came back.
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