The Instigator
barryq
Pro (for)
Losing
0 Points
The Contender
dsjpk5
Con (against)
Winning
9 Points

Will 3D Bio-Printing Revolutionise Healthcare?

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Post Voting Period
The voting period for this debate has ended.
after 3 votes the winner is...
dsjpk5
Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 4/16/2015 Category: Health
Updated: 2 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 948 times Debate No: 73363
Debate Rounds (5)
Comments (0)
Votes (3)

 

barryq

Pro

Bioprinting (or biological printing) is older than many people think, but in 2D cell culturing, not 3D. The essence of new 3D printing is that it is an additive manufacturing process that builds layer upon layer until the final product is completed.
And yes, 3D bioprinting is similar, but instead of using a feedstock such as plastic or metal to make tools or iPhone covers, the bioprinter uses live human cells.

One of the future visions for 3D bioprinting is to make transplant organs and is being worked on today by companies like Organovo, Invetech, Envisiontec and Autodesk, and people like Professor Makoto Nakamura and a few others.

Ideally human cells would be collected from the person receiving the transplant and used in the bioprinter so that there will be no tissue rejection issues later.

The patient would undergo an MRI, CT scan or other type of medical scan that can be input into a computer in 3D. From there a computer aided design (CAD) program would be created of the organ that needs to be replaced. A doctor or technician would input data into the 3D file such as where to place each type of cell material and working around imperfections or damaged or diseased areas. When finished the doctor would hit the "Print" button.

Instead of the printer cartridges being filled with ink (or plastic or metal), they will be filled with human cells. The cells will be printed in micro thin layers using a binding agent such as collagen (hydrogel), sugar or biodegradable paper.

The cells then use their own innate ability to grow together as the rest of the organ is being printed. The cells don"t have to be placed in exactly the right spots as nature will take over and the cells will reorganize themselves for proper functioning. How this is done precisely is still a medical mystery (but it has been shown to work).

Human organs such as livers, kidneys, hearts, lungs and pancreas will one day in the future be created by 3D bioprinting. This means the end to long waiting lists for compatible organs and the end to people dying while on the waiting lists.

In the U. S. an average of 79 people per day receive organ transplants while 18 people a day die while on a waiting list. As of September 2013, 119,000 people are on the waiting list for organ transplants. So, you can see in the United States alone there is a high need for 3D bioprinters.
dsjpk5

Con

PLAGIARISM

My opponent's entire first round has been plagiarized from the following source:

http://www.hallpress.com...

I ask the voters to take this into consideration when voting.
Debate Round No. 1
barryq

Pro

barryq forfeited this round.
dsjpk5

Con

My opponent has forfeited this round. I ask the voters to consider this when voting.
Debate Round No. 2
barryq

Pro

barryq forfeited this round.
dsjpk5

Con

I win another round.
Debate Round No. 3
barryq

Pro

barryq forfeited this round.
dsjpk5

Con

Apparently my opponent has forfeited.
Debate Round No. 4
barryq

Pro

barryq forfeited this round.
dsjpk5

Con

Vote Con!
Debate Round No. 5
No comments have been posted on this debate.
3 votes have been placed for this debate. Showing 1 through 3 records.
Vote Placed by Midnight1131 2 years ago
Midnight1131
barryqdsjpk5Tied
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Total points awarded:01 
Reasons for voting decision: Pro plagiarized their entire round 1 argument and then fully forfeited the rest of the debate.
Vote Placed by Theunkown 2 years ago
Theunkown
barryqdsjpk5Tied
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Total points awarded:07 
Reasons for voting decision: Full Forfeiture.
Vote Placed by Ragnar 2 years ago
Ragnar
barryqdsjpk5Tied
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Total points awarded:01 
Reasons for voting decision: FF