Women tougher than men
Debate Rounds (4)
I accept this debate. Pro has the BoP to prove that all women are tougher than all men. I will argue that some females can be tougher than some males, but males are tougher on average.
My opponent argues that men could not handle menstruation, and because of this, women are tougher. Being male, I have no first-hand experience of this, but this survey from the Association of Reproductive Health Professionals  states that at least 80% of women feel moody, cramped, and irritable while on their period. Therefore, the experience affects most women very negatively. Since it is impossible to replicate in a male, there is no evidence that men would be any less tolerant of menstruation.
According to a study, the fairer sex is genetically programmed to better resist infections and cancer, and also have a back-up system for fighting disease.
The discovery sheds light on why members of the so-called stronger sex succumb to "man-flu".
Their immune systems are no match for those of wives and girlfriends because of the female X-chromosome, scientists believe.
The reason why women are more robust appears to be microRNAs - short strands of RNA encoded on the chromosome.
RNA is a genetic cousin of DNA and can have important biological effects.
The microRNAs have the effect of "silencing" immunity genes on a man's X-chromosome, according to the new research.
This leaves men at a disadvantage since they only have one X chromosome. Women have two, so that even when immunity genes are silenced on one the other can compensate, according to research published today in the journal BioEssays.
Study leader Dr Claude Libert, from Ghent University in Belgium, said: "Statistics show that in humans, as with other mammals, females live longer than males and are more able to fight off shock episodes from sepsis, infection or trauma. We believe this is due to the X chromosome which in humans contains 10 per cent of all microRNAs detected so far in the genome (genetic code)."
Several X-chromosome located microRNAs were thought to have "important functions in immunity and cancer", said Dr Libert.
From a biological point of view, the difference has probably evolved because women are more likely to ensure the survival of the species. They need to be able to resist infection when pregnant and when nurturing a child.
Pro presented no rebuttal to me for this round. While I took my opponent's vague Google search definition of "tough" to refer to the mental faculties of each gender, she went for a more medical approach. I concede that women are certainly more resistant to cancer, unaffected by many diseases, and live longer. However, this is purely biological and is beyond the control of anyone involved, which I will argue has little to do with "toughness".
Looking over the dictionary.com definitions of "tough" , there is not one that describes increased resistance to disease. One could argue that this is implied by endurance and sturdiness, but these are personality traits, while what Pro brought up is merely genetic coincidence. My argument for men being tougher fit Pro's original definition of "strong enough to withstand adverse conditions or rough or careless handling". In Round 2, Pro stated that most men could not "bleed for a week straight every month". This has nothing to do with disease resistance; there is no natural flow in her argument. I also notice that despite her initial sentence of "Some men are tougher than women but on average women are tougher", none of Pro's Round 3 argument was original. Rather than occasionally citing or quoting the source to support her own claims, she copied and pasted the entire thing. Until Pro gives a counter-argument, my points for Round 2 remain unchallenged.
Pro again failed to give a rebuttal or even acknowledgement for my first argument. I was rather confused when she stated "There is nothing that can be done about it. It is just the way we are." Perhaps she is saying that toughness is, in fact, beyond our control and seated more in biology. In that case, I wish she had been more clear about her definition of the word "tough".
In summary, I gave an argument as to why men are tougher from a psychological viewpoint. My opponent, ignoring this, quoted a source detailing why women are more resistant to disease. I expressed confusion and questioned her reasoning and definition in the next round. She declined to answer. I was perplexed because Pro's definition was unclear for most of the debate. But, in summary, I conclude that being "tough" is centered around mental rigidity and a more controlled reaction to dangerous situations, which applies to more males than females on average. Pro gave evidence that women are more resistant to disease, which they are, but I think that has more to do with the genetic lottery and random chance than toughness. I wish Pro the best of luck in the voting period.
1 votes has been placed for this debate.
Vote Placed by sweetbreeze 1 year ago
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Reasons for voting decision: I do believe that women are tougher than men. Though Con had more convincing arguments, as he backed up his arguments more, using more evidence and reason, and therefore gains more credibility.
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