The Instigator
sstern
Pro (for)
Tied
0 Points
The Contender
bryndavis
Con (against)
Tied
0 Points

Xenotransplantation

Do you like this debate?NoYes+0
Add this debate to Google Add this debate to Delicious Add this debate to FaceBook Add this debate to Digg  
Post Voting Period
The voting period for this debate has ended.
after 0 votes the winner is...
It's a Tie!
Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 3/5/2014 Category: Science
Updated: 3 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 1,952 times Debate No: 48399
Debate Rounds (4)
Comments (0)
Votes (0)

 

sstern

Pro

I believe that human lives are important. If you needed an organ and there were not any available, would you not do everything in your power to get the organ you need to live? Xenotransplantation is the process of transplanting animal organs into humans to save their lives. Right now over 110,000 people are waiting for desperately needed organs that will never come. That can change with xenotransplantation. People today are using pig heart valves to treat humans: for example, as a source of heart valves for people with damaged hearts. With xenotransplantation we could save millions of people. I believe that xenotransplantation should be used in the usa.
bryndavis

Con

Thousands of people right now are waiting for the transplant of a pig islet or organ. They think that after they have their new organ or islet, they"ll be perfectly healthy. It seems almost too good to be true. But is that possible?

Xenotransplantation is when we take a non human islet or organ and transplant it into a human. According to the Merriam Webster Dictionary, an islet is a "small isolated mass of one type of tissue of one type of tissue within a different type." Xenotransplantation is important because it can save the lives of many humans whose death was almost certain. But what are the risks of this? It could cause a pig borne disease that could learn to transfer human to human. Or cause birth defects in the recipient's children. Also, how are we going to find enough islets for everyone who would benefit from this?

I understand that xenotransplantation could cure a deadly disease and help save a life. However, I think that we should find out how to stop these risks before we jump in and perform a transplant that could cause a new deadly and contagious virus. What about all those pigs who were slaughtered for their organs and islets? And is this even ethically acceptable?
Debate Round No. 1
sstern

Pro

Xenotransplantation is something that will save lives. Xenotransplantation will provide cells and tissue for new treatments of diseases where human organ transplants are not an option. Xenotransplantation could also provide temporary treatment options while patients wait for a human organ to become available. The Canadian Public Health Association tells in an article. Although there have been some organ rejection, there have been very many successful trials with the pigs insulin-producing tissue. Xenotransplantation can bring the cure to Type 1 diabetes with the pigs tissue. According to Actionbioscience.org. Xenotransplantation can save so many people.
bryndavis

Con

If the body rejects the transplanted organ, it gets attacked like an infection and this is the biggest challenge for xenotransplantation. When there"s a human to human transplant, the recipient takes something called cyclosporine to prevent the body from attacking the transplanted organ. However, in xenotransplantation there's a more aggressive defense that is called "hyperacute rejection." What happens is that if and when the tissue is recognized as foreign, the body sets out to destroy the transplanted organ. This could led to fatal consequences for the recipient.
Debate Round No. 2
sstern

Pro

You said that organs from xenotransplantation will be rejected, but according to Shane T. Grey The first scientific attempt to transplant pig islets was conducted in 1994, by a team from the Karolinska Institute. The team transplanted pig islets into ten human patients who had diabetes and demonstrated that the transplanted islets made c-peptide, a by-product indicating insulin production, for up to 400 days. This attempt shows that islets are not rejected.
Thus far, there has been no evidence for human infections caused by pig xenotransplantation products. Roumiana S. Boneva, Thomas M. Folks, and Louisa E. Chapman assure.
Although there are ethical issues with using pigs for organs and tissue, is it really a problem? We already use pigs for meat. We even have pig farms where we fatten them so we will have more meat. Is using them for organs and saving people worse? I should hope not. Is an animal life more important than a human one? Has there been tests where everyone rejected there organs?
bryndavis

Con

This is considered ethically unacceptable because we are breaking down some of our "God given" boundaries. Matthias Kaiser says, "We effectively re-shuffle the order of nature as intended by God, thus assuming the same status as God the creator." Do we really want to mix up nature as how God intended it? Also, do we want to be playing God? In some religions and practices, such as Islam and Judaism, pigs are considered unclean.

What about the welfare of the pigs that are chosen for xenotransplantation? The companies that take part of this would have to make sure that the pigs are extremely well taken care of, the Biotech Learning Hub insures. If Harvard can't even take care of monkeys, how are others supposed to take care of pigs being used for human transplants?

You say that xenotranplantation could also provide temporary treatment options while patients wait for a human organ to become available. What about the people dying each day waiting for an organ? Are we going to have enough pig organs to supply everyone needing transplants?
Debate Round No. 3
sstern

Pro

Who are we to decide what God intended for us? We are now killing pigs for meat, and God did tell us to eat meat. In the bible where does it say that using xenotransplantation is wrong? How is eating pigs any different?

You eat pigs everyday. What about the welfare of those pigs? Theoretically eating pigs is worse than using pigs to save peoples lives. People chose to eat pigs. There are very few sources of organs that we have. Xenotransplantation can benefit everyone.

Xenotransplantation could provide temporary treatment options for patients. The people waiting for organs each day will be helped by having temporary treatment. If we have enough pigs to feed most Americans today I'm sure we will have enough pigs for xenotransplantation.

Human lives are so important. I believe that xenotransplantation will help us, and it should be allowed.
bryndavis

Con

Even though there has not been an infectious disease yet, that doesn"t meant there isn"t going to be one. Roumiana S. Boneva, Thomas M. Folks, and Louisa E. Chapman all agree that there is a risk of infection if close clinical and laboratory oversight fail.

Also, do we want to reshuffle the order of nature and make ourselves the same "rank" as God? Many people are against xenotransplantation because they don"t want humans to have the same status of God and for us to completely throw off the balance between humans and nature.

When you ask about the welfare of pigs chosen for xenotransplantation, the care is important because if the pigs are in poor health and have their organs transplanted into a human, the recipient could be in danger.

I think that the risks are too much and if xenotransplantation gets out of hand, there could be fatal consequences for humans.
Debate Round No. 4
No comments have been posted on this debate.
No votes have been placed for this debate.