The Instigator
XX_LEMAY_XX
Pro (for)
Tied
0 Points
The Contender
elijahh12
Con (against)
Tied
0 Points

drug testing on humans and animals

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 4/12/2014 Category: Science
Updated: 3 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 3,783 times Debate No: 52316
Debate Rounds (5)
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XX_LEMAY_XX

Pro

Drug testing on humans in animals is considered inhuman or not appropriate to be done. People tend to frown upon drug testing because they are afraid of the harm it may do to the one being tested upon. drug testing is the foundation to most of our cures in this world. Many of the cures we have today is based off of drug testing. Everything we know in science comes from drug testing. The patients tested upon do not do it in vein, it is to help for the future cures for the uncured diseases.
elijahh12

Con

In the animals and the peoples' defense, the participation of humans and animals being drug tested is not appropriate. For the first point animals being tested is act of being cruel and inhumane.According to Humane Society International, animals used in experiments are commonly subjected to force feeding, forced inhalation, food and water deprivation, prolonged periods of physical restraint, the infliction of burns and other wounds to study the healing process, the infliction of pain to study its effects and remedies, and "killing by carbon dioxide asphyxiation, neck-breaking, decapitation, or other means." The Draize eye test, used by cosmetics companies to evaluate irritation caused by shampoos and other products, involves rabbits being incapacitated in stocks with their eyelids held open by clips, sometimes for multiple days, so they cannot blink away the products being tested.The commonly used LD50 (lethal dose 50) test involves finding out which dose of a chemical will kill 50% of the animals being used in the experiment.
Debate Round No. 1
XX_LEMAY_XX

Pro

Yes, people do test on these animals by the ways you described. It does hurt the patient at sometimes, but without testing upon these animals or humans, we are letting millions of people die because there is no such cure to stop it. This doesn't just effect the human population, scientist also drug test on animal diseases. For example, rabies was a nasty disease that effected much of the animal population. Through experiments and tests on animals, scientist found a cure to prevent this disease. By doing this, thousand of lives of animals have been saved. Rabies is not just the only disease to be cured; diseases such as distemper, tentanus, rabies and hundred of others have been cured. In order to cure a disease, you have to understand how it is caused and all the phases. When you understand this, you begin making a hypothesis. The only way to know if this theory works, you must experiment. The only way to experiment is to do it upon a live organism. It may be unethical to some people, but this is the only way we can save lives.
elijahh12

Con

Yes, by testing on animals it sometimes helps human diseases and other illnesses: however animal tests do not reliably predict results in human beings.94% of drugs that pass animal tests fail in human clinical trials. According to neurologist Aysha Akhtar, MD, MPH, over 100 stroke drugs that were effective when tested on animals have failed in humans, and over 85 HIV vaccines failed in humans after working well in non-human primates.In a 2013 study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) found that nearly 150 clinical trials (human tests) of treatments to reduce inflammation in critically ill patients have been undertaken, and all of them failed, despite being successful in animal tests. Another study in 2013,study in Archives of Toxicology stated that "The low predictivity of animal experiments in research areas allowing direct comparisons of mouse versus human data puts strong doubt on the usefulness of animal data as key technology to predict human safety."
Debate Round No. 2
XX_LEMAY_XX

Pro

Throughout drug testing, not every animal or human is guaranteed to find the problem just by experimenting on that one organism. In order to find if the cure works, scientists must do multiple test upon the animal to make sure it was not just coincidence the first time. Yes, sometimes the tests do not work every time, but that how we prove and disprove our hypothesizes. In order to find the cure to a disease, there might be some sacrifices that must happen before. It is cruel and unfair to the animal, but this is the only known way to cure a disease.
elijahh12

Con

Animals are very different from human beings and therefore make poor test subjects.The anatomic, metabolic, and cellular differences between animals and people make animals poor models for human beings. Paul Furlong, Professor of Clinical Neuroimaging at Aston University (UK), states that "it's very hard to create an animal model that even equates closely to what we're trying to achieve in the human." Thomas Hartung, Professor of evidence-based toxicology at Johns Hopkins University, argues for alternatives to animal testing because "we are not 70 kg rats."
Debate Round No. 3
XX_LEMAY_XX

Pro

XX_LEMAY_XX forfeited this round.
elijahh12

Con

elijahh12 forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 4
XX_LEMAY_XX

Pro

XX_LEMAY_XX forfeited this round.
elijahh12

Con

elijahh12 forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 5
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