homework brings more good than harm
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If Chinese students are staying up all night doing homework then that should stop too! However this is again steering away from the topic on debate which I will repeat 'homework causes more harm than good'. It is NOT 'Too much homework causes more harm than good'. Your choice of words was what drew me into this debate, and so I wont be debating the amount of homework. Students may not like homework, however it is their responsibility to learn. I think that the current syllabi that students learn now are too big to be fully learnt in the classroom, unless school hours are greatly extended. If we were to remove all homework, students would either need an extra year to make sure they actually know what they have been taught, or will need to stay at school to the end of the day making sure they have learnt it. At this point we might as well give them some exercises to do. Although anecdotes mean nothing in debate, I happen to have gone to both a state and a private school, and so experienced a varied level of teaching, and one of the biggest differences I noticed between the schools were the amounts of homework. The schools with the best results set more homework. This doesn't mean 3 hours a night, but it means more than most other schools set at the moment.
This debate asks us if homework causes more bad than good. Now if set in enormous portions yes it can, but the same can be said of anything. Homework very likely is good when set in moderation, and this extreme response with 'homework causes harm because you can see negative effects when in excess' is a total leap of faith. I suggest you find a study showing small amounts of homework cause harm before declaring homework in general as causing more harm than good.
Homework also causes the psychological harm to children and teachers. Firstly, maybe a student is involved with other activities that occupy his time. We all can relate to that. Another student, has all the time in the world to complete his homework. The next day, the teacher scolds the student who does not complete the homework as she does not know his or her background, like why they could not complete the homework and praises the one who completes the homework. This makes teacher grow far apart from the student who does not complete the homework, thus, he struggles as the teacher does not teach him properly and underestimate him just because he cannot complete the homework the teacher gave him but because of reasons that are actually true. Secondly, this increases favoritism. How? A teacher likes the student who completes the homework and treats him well compared to the rest of the class. Then, the class is broken down into divisions. Examples are the ones who are smart, the ones who are dumb, the hardworking ones, the dumb ones, etc. Why is this? All because of the homework the teacher gave them. This is an unhealthy bond for the students and they could eventually drop out from school because of what? Homework!
The statistics do NOT show that students do badly when they are given homework, it shows they do badly when they are given TOO MUCH homework. The bad grades are probably due to the stress caused when teachers set unrealistic amounts of homework. That doesn't mean homework in general is bad, but simply that the teacher has bad judgement when it comes to how much the students can do. Your statistic showed 3 hours a day, and I think that is too much.
You claim that the statistics show that homework causes students to do worse, I disagree. Here is an article by a collection of researchers which suggests that homework improves grades (see below). I quote 'Across five studies, the average student who did homework had a higher unit test score than the students not doing homework.' Homework clearly can cause improved grades and worsened grades, but again too much is not helping anyone. You could easily say: 'Well if a student was set 10 hours of homework a night he would do worse than someone who wasn't set any' it is very obvious. 10 hours of homework is insane and of course would exhaust the student. However claiming that because 10 hours of homework inhibits development, homework in general is bad is nonsense.
Your story of how homework destroys student-teacher relationships sounds like nonsense to me too, and unless you can prove this actually happens I don't believe you. It seems incredibly far fetched, and I think dropping out of school would result from a range of things, personal and non personal, and we shouldn't jump to the conclusion that homework is to blame for everything a student feels in his years at school.
Maybe kids will copy homework, and we have a duty to try to minimise that, but this doesn't mean homework in general is useless. Many studies suggest teenagers still do better as is in the citation below, and so even if they do copy, they still do better anyway. Also just because students don't like homework, that doesn't mean it isn't good for them. Students don't tend to like eating their greens either, would you get rid of them too? Besides which I doubt students like school in the first place, but they must go nonetheless.
Homework is an excellent way to make people more knowledgeable about the world around them, which is exactly what we need if we want to overcome the complex problems of renewable energy and climate change we will be faced with in the years to come. It thus causes far more good than bad in spite of the fact that some schools misuse it and set too much.
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