The Instigator
KOSEL99
Pro (for)
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The Contender
ninjafifa
Con (against)
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should military aid be prioritized in the Sahel region of africa

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 4/1/2014 Category: Economics
Updated: 2 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 402 times Debate No: 51382
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KOSEL99

Pro

Development assistance should not take priority over military aid in the Sahel region of Africa.

First, military aid is a prerequisite to growth and development in the Sahel region of Africa. Security expert Abdallahi Ould Mohamed states, "It also must be taken into account that these countries, especially Mauritania, Mali and Niger, were seen as the weakest link militarily in the Sahel countries compared to Algeria and Morocco, leading al-Qaeda and other terrorist groups to exploit that vulnerability and implement its operations with ease.Thus, they cannot address those risks unless their military capacities are developed." If the Sahel region would increase their military aid they would be stronger and would be able to stand up to more powerful enemies. Strategic expert Ibrahim Ould Vall explained, "It is known that military cooperation between the countries of the Sahel and countries with high military experience is very important, and the Sahel countries realized this recently and so focused on strengthening the capacity of their armies." So what I am trying to say is that if the Sahel region of Africa would increase their military aid; they would be able to be better defend against opposing enemies.

Next I will be talking about the conflicts in the Sahel region of Africa. Terrorism is a big problem in the Sahel region of Africa. There have been multiple terrorist acts in this area. According to the Britannica Online Encyclopedia, recent terrorist acts have drawn greater attention to this region such as smuggling of goods, people, drugs, and weapons. This all leads to terrorism. They define terrorism as the use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims. Terrorism has been practiced by political organizations with both rightist and leftist objectives, by nationalistic and religious groups, by revolutionaries, and even by state institutions such as armies, intelligence services, and police. Africa suffered 6,177 casualties from 296 acts of terror between 1990 and 2000, making it the continent with the second highest number of terrorist acts after Asia. In 2011, Africa experienced 978 attacks, which was an 11 percent increase over 2010. If terrorism becomes a bigger problem in this region, it will be very difficult to survive.

Moving on to my second sub point, which is militia. Militias are a danger to people not just in the Sahel region of Africa, but also around the world. For example, according to Foxnews.com , as Mali attempts to restore stability through elections after armed conflict with Al Qaeda-linked militias, the spotlight has been thrown on the growing threat of Islamist extremism across the vast Sahel region. Militias roam the region trafficking in drugs and arms, seizing hostages for ransom, and trading livestock.The most active area in the Sahel is Northern Nigeria, which is home to the most active group- Boko Haram- and a number of violent communal and ethnic militias. According to forums.ssrc.org, the central government in Mali had already lost control of the northern two-thirds of its territory, which was taken over by a coalition of forces that included indigenous Tuareg forces, Tuareg fighters expelled from Libya by the new ruling militias, Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb units, and other fundamentalist organizations such as Ansar Eddine. If these militias keep increasing in size and number, they may take full control of this region.

With all the evidence presented here today we believe that a con ballad is the only possible solution.
ninjafifa

Con

Developmental Assistance should be prioritized over Military Aid in the Sahel Region of Africa

First Some Definitions:
Development Assistance: This is all aid targeted towards boosting economic growth and alleviating poverty including but not limited to: social safety nets, natural disaster relief, infrastructure development, and education/vocational training.
Military Aid: This includes military intervention by outside powers like the African Union, the European Union, or the United States. It also includes other assistance like military supplies and training.
Prioritized: This is NOT a "choose development aid or military assistance" topic. BOTH forms of aid can be offered to the Sahel. The resolution"s question is simply which one should be prioritized over another. So for Pro debaters, more development assistance needs to be offered than military aid. And for Con debaters, the more focus is needed on military aid than development assistance.

Contention 1:
C- Malnutrition is the major cause of child deaths in the Sahel region of Africa and the way to help these children is through developmental assistance.

W- According to a study done by the United Nations, malnutrition is the cause for 1/3 to " of deaths among young children less than 5 years of age. Furthermore, there is a consensus about the two immediate causes of malnutrition: insufficient intake of nutritious food and increased incidence of infections, which are often associated with inadequate child care practices. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child holds governments responsible to ensure children"s right to the highest attainable standard of health and The Sahelian countries have ratified some or all of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child

!- Because of the wellbeing of the children is the local governments responsibility, the best and only way to help these children who are dying from malnutrition is through developing the Sahelian countries to produce enough food to feed these children and increase child care practices identified in The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Contention 2:
C- Developmental Assistance will vastly weaken organized crime in the Sahel Region of Africa.
W- According to the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the importance of organized criminal activity in the Sahel-Sahara region stems from the fact that there are few alternative activities that produce similar profits and rapid enrichment. Non-profit organizations such as the Red Cross have the ability to bypass the government and bring the resources directly to the people, furthermore this eliminates the extensive recruiting for the organized crime and terror groups. Providing the people directly with the resources will mean they no longer require the jobs and food that organized crime and terror groups provide, instead development assistance will provide this food and jobs.
!- Developmental assistance will create and jobs and activities that produce similar profits and rapid enrichment. Thus vastly weaken organized crime at the same time promoting economic growth and peace.
!MAG- Furthermore, terrorist communities such as al-Qaeda in the Islamist Maghreb (AQIM) actively participate in organized crime and receive most of there funding from organizing crime. Thus developmental assistance not only vastly weakens organized crime; it will also vastly weaken the terrorist groups to the point of powerless.

Contention 3:
AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT CAN BRING PEACE AND PROSPERITY TO THE SAHEL.
William Foote, [founder and CEO of Root Capital, Ashoka Global Fellow], "How 'Truffula' Trees WIll Preserve the Sahel", Live Science, November 15, 2013.
But there's more. Conserving and wild-harvesting the products of the Sahel's trees also offers a path for peace and prosperity in a highly troubled region. Though the conflict that ripped apart Mali earlier this year had deep political and ethnic roots, it was fueled by decades of drought , food insecurity and poverty." " As Chris Reij of the World Resources Institute recently put it: "The pattern for terrorism overlaps perfectly with the drylands. These regions are at the bottom of the human development index and the bottom of the hydrological index."" " Agricultural development, including wild-harvesting in conflict areas like Mali, is one of the best opportunities for employing would-be combatants, strengthening household incomes and food security and stimulating sustainable, economic growth in remote rural areas." " And Produits du Sud is but one example of an enterprise investing in wild harvesting and tree conservation. Other enterprises producing agroforestry crops from the Sahel, like the baobab, shea nut and cashew trees " other such truffula-like trees " offer similar potential. Just think of what hundreds more Produits du Sud companies could do to offer a bulwark against climate change while building lasting peace and prosperity in some of the world's most impoverished and troubled regions.
Debate Round No. 1
KOSEL99

Pro

KOSEL99 forfeited this round.
ninjafifa

Con

ninjafifa forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 2
KOSEL99

Pro

KOSEL99 forfeited this round.
ninjafifa

Con

ninjafifa forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 3
KOSEL99

Pro

KOSEL99 forfeited this round.
ninjafifa

Con

ninjafifa forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 4
KOSEL99

Pro

KOSEL99 forfeited this round.
ninjafifa

Con

ninjafifa forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 5
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