The Instigator
astrosfan
Pro (for)
Losing
5 Points
The Contender
UUAA
Con (against)
Winning
29 Points

the usfg should substantially increase public health assistance to sub-Saharan Africa

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 5/15/2008 Category: Health
Updated: 8 years ago Status: Voting Period
Viewed: 1,801 times Debate No: 4060
Debate Rounds (4)
Comments (16)
Votes (9)

 

astrosfan

Pro

Observation 1: inherency
1.The current US aid programs are sending aid with a neoliberal mind set Sanders 01
Accompanying neoliberal reforms of the macro-economy have been health sector reforms. Key components include user fees, insurance schemes and introduction of managed competition; and rationing of health care through the identification of public health and clinical "packages", comprising a set of (often limited) interventions.

2.And western hopes of improving the African economy are based on western ideals of improving trade liberalization. Bonds 07
However, what becomes clear from all these events is the establishment's urge to merely revise and restate mainstream conceptions of Africa's plight. Witness Tony Blair's Commission for Africa report, for example. Africa is poor, ultimately, because its economy has not grown The public and private sectors need to work together to create a climate which unleashes the entrepreneurship of the peoples of Africa, generates employment and encourages individuals and firms, domestic and foreign, to invest the Africa Commission co-opted key African elites into a modified "neoliberal"—free market—project.
3.And aid from the west is geared to support the west no the countries in need. Sam Vaknin, Ph.D. 11/22/2006
the West invests in the infrastructure in developing countries in two venues only: Through international finance organizations The implementation of these infrastructural projects is awarded to contractors through international tenders, wherein bids are submitted from the world over. Rarely, a local firm outbids its better financed first world rivals. Local firms usually have the lower hand. The other possibility is that multinational firms get involved. But this kind of financing comes with a lot of strings attached. The multinationals expect to get back both their investment and a reasonable return on it. Their contribution to the local economy, during the construction of the infrastructure, is fleeting, at best.

Thus the plan: The United States Federal Government will cease all neoliberal policies in Sub-Saharan Africa, though action such as but not limited to modification of aid, removal of neoliberal conditions, and taxation of multilateral corporations. All action will be implemented though the US congress. Funding for the program will come from the tax revenues, and congress has the ability to redirect fund if needed.

Observation 2: Solvency

1.Without neoliberal policies Sub-Saharan Africa could solve its problems Bonds 07
By contrast, rigorous studies and analyses now confirm the negative consequences of neoliberal policies Trade liberalisation has cost sub-Saharan Africa $272 billion over the past 20 years. Had they not been forced to liberalise as the price of aid, loans and debt relief, sub-Saharan African countries would have had enough extra income to wipe out their debts and have sufficient left over to pay for every child to be vaccinated and go to school. Two decades of liberalisation has cost sub-Saharan Africa roughly what it has received in aid. The first step to effect genuine growth and deliver resources to health services, welfare, and basic infrastructure is, instead, for African societies and policymakers to identify and prevent the vast and ongoing outflows of the continent's existing and potential wealth.
2.Removing neoliberal policies is the only to ha successful development in Africa Jauch, et. Al October 2007
The development process needs to deal with various other aspects such as fiscal, trade, social and education policies, bear in mind the need to change the external economic relations, which currently are a major stumbling block for a comprehensive development agenda. The liberalisation programmes are all obstacles to a comprehensive African development agenda.

Advantage 1: poverty

1.Neoliberal policies force local communities into the global economy where they can not compete with massed marketed agriculture because poor people in these countries are more likely to buy cheep prices from foreign countries. Thus African countries must refocus their economies on industrial exports and become slaves to the multi-national corporations of the world. African countries are forced to export all of their resources to developed countries. Harare, 2007
NATURAL resources in themselves are not necessarily wealth unless they are transformed into finished products what counts is the processing of these natural resources into semi-finished or finished consumer products, which are then exported. Most African countries still follow the colonial trend of exporting their resources to Europe and North America in their raw form, largely because they do not have the processing industries. . It is quite sad that furniture shops are stocked with imported furniture, yet we have the raw materials to make these products here. The tragedy is that big European companies buy raw materials from Africa at prices fixed by them. They make fantastic profits, which do not in any way benefit the source countries.

2.Thus African countries cannot experience economic growth as they receive little money from exports, and the leading products in their countries are imports. The Guardian, 05
The sprawling port of Senegal's capital is the import-export hub for west Africa. Cheap, subsidised US rice, EU poultry and Italian tomatoes are unloaded from gantries for the local market, with sub-Saharan cotton and tropical fish are destined for Europe. But the activity masks a crisis. In 2001 Senegal's economy was shrinking so fast it entered the WTO category of "least-developed country". Many least-developed countries can export to the EU freely, while Asian countries have to pay tariffs: 10% on fish, for example. As those tariffs are cut, Africa will be at a disadvantage. Asian energy costs are often cheaper, as are their labour costs about 60% of Senegal's fish exports remain unprocessed. They would command a much higher price if they could be exported after processing but the stainless steel plant and air-conditioning systems needed to meet EU standards are capital intensive, and it is foreign firms that can afford the investment.
3.Neo liberalism cause the rapid impoverishment of sub-Saharan Africa Adesina 04 page 15
in the period when neoliberalism promised that unleashing market forces will produce prosperity, the number of the poor in sub-Saharan Africa has skyrocketed While there was a global increase in the number of people living in poverty in the reference period, a greater proportion of people in sub-Saharan Africa were living in poverty than anywhere else in the world link between the macroeconomic objective of the neoliberal project and the massive impoverishment on the continent is one that continues to elude the libertarians
4.This poverty is structural violence – it's total impacts swamp civil conflicts and wars. Edward O'Neill, Jr., Professor Emergency Medicine, Tufts University, 2006, Awakening Hippocrates, p. 13-4
The fact that poor people around the world have shorter and harder lives is called "structural violence." between 1948 and 1967, structural violence claimed over 300 times the number of lives lost to "civil conflict." 18 million people died as the result of structural violence in 1965, more than all of World War II's battlefield casualties and 150 times more than in all of 1965s armed conflicts.
UUAA

Con

A) Interpretation – Increase: Oxford English Dictionary, 2007—the action of increasing, the action, process, or fact of becoming or making greater, to become greater in size, amount, duration, or degree.

B) Violation – the affirmative plan does not meet this word in the resolution. They fail to increase anything and only reform the current policy.

C) Standards –

1) Limits – the affirmative allows for an infinite number of actions that the United States Federal government could topically do. Limiting the topic down to a reasonable amount of cases allows for both teams to have predictable ground for in-depth argumentation on the topic.
2) Topical Education – the framers intended the resolution to present an in-depth analysis of assistance policy in Africa. Without a clear limit to discussion we fail to learn about the politics and implications of increasing federal assistance to other countries.
3) Effectually-Topical - The plan is not topical in a vacuum. There is no way the negative can predict when the affirmative will cross the line into topicality. We mandate that the plan must be topical before the advantages. This is critical to core negative ground and discourages crazy cases such as - Plan: give Bush a hair-cut, which makes him happy so he decides to protect the environment. Effects topicality is an independent voting issue on predictability and ground.

D)Voting - Topicality is an juristictional voting issue on the basis of education and competitive equity.

--

1) The democrats will win the upcoming presidential elections. Current domestic focus is key.

Beehner 1-24-08

So much for the great foreign policy campaign of 2008. The importance of global affairs has receded like a bad hairline as the economic recession, immigration, health care, and other topics closer to home take center stage in this presidential campaign. That would appear to favor the Democrats, whose top candidates have virtually zero foreign policy experience between them. Their bread and butter remain pocketbook issues.

2) New foreign policy will destroy democrat presidential chances and push a McCain presidency.

Beehner - 08
Remember all it takes is one foreign policy incident -- one errant bullet, one suicide bomb on a subway, one nuclear mishap -- and undecided voters will be sent scurrying over to the Republican side, craving someone with national security know-how, especially if McCain wins the nomination. Although foreign policy at present is not a central issue in the campaign, my guess is if the Democrats do not win the White House in November, foreign policy (and their lack of new ideas on this front) will have something to do with it.

3) A McCain presidency will spark mass relational backlash and destroy U.S. image world wide.

Beehner 1-24-08
The knock on John McCain, besides his age and besides his rage, is he tends to care too much about foreign policy at the expense of domestic policy. To be sure, his candidacy was made possible by, besides the incompetence of his Republican competitors, the competency of David Petraeus's "surge" into Iraq. He is a war hero who firmly opposes torture. He sits on several committees devoted to foreign affairs. Let's face it: Unlike his rivals, he is no slouch when it comes to foreign policy. But McCain's global agenda is not something that would be welcome in these troubling times. First, it is muddle-headed. He still insists that Iraq is the central front in the global war on terror. This despite the fact that a recent 60 Minutes interview with the FBI agent who spoke most intimately with Saddam before his death confirmed that the Baathist leader had nothing but hatred for global jihad or Osama bin Laden. Senator, as someone with so much foreign policy experience, doesn't it strike you as odd that Iraq is the central front in the GWOT and not, say, oh, I dunno, the Afghan-Pakistani border? Second, McCain would do next to nothing to repair America's image in the world. Far from it. He seems hardly concerned with catering to American voters--something I actually admire about him--let alone the world's denizens who have turned American flag burning into a spectator sport. Why would McCain go out of his way to kiss the butts of foreign dignitaries after he's won the presidency? I fear McCain will step on toes and rub our allies the wrong way. He will stick his foot in his mouth and he will create needless conflicts. Europeans (and most of the world) hate Bush not just for his ignorance on foreign affairs but also his stubbornness. Wait until they meet John McCain.

--

Case Debate

Defining Africa in "Sub" terms is racist and distorts your view of culture, preventing solvency.
Shahadah in 2005
In this respect to discuss Africa from the context of Sub (a word which has links to sub-human, sub-culture, i.e. a very negative word) absolutely distorted view of African cultures north and south of the equator. Viewing culture from these limiting vantages-points poisons the flexibility and deeper appreciate of subtle complexities shared by these unique cultures. In a nutshell it is more obstructive, outside of science and rooted in extreme racist politics. There is more similarity between Mali culture and the culture of the nomadic Berber people than Bantu groups in the Congo . Amhara culture is radically different from say Ghana, and it can be argued to have a deeper relationship with Yemen (which it annexed in antiquity).

Trade liberalization brings economic growth, higher incomes and more spending
on health. India and China prove.
Goodman, President, National Center for Policy Analysis, '07

* Between 1970 and 2000, the number of people living below a standard poverty line in China fell by 250 million; this occurred despite a 400 million person increase in the total population and rising income inequality. * Over the same period of time, the poverty count in India fell by 140 million people. * By contrast, the number of people in poverty rose by 200 million in Sub-Saharan Africa. So what did China and India do that Sub-Saharan Africa didn't do? Writing in the Wall Street Journal, Harvard economist Robert Barro says there are two important differences:[7] 1. China and India adopted market based institutions (substantially substituting capitalism for communism in China and for socialism in India); with a few exceptions, African governments did not become more market oriented. 2. China and India received little, if any, foreign aid - while Africa received an enormous amount of aid, relative to the size of the economies. By making appropriate changes in public policies, China and India have been able to enjoy some of the highest rates of economic growth found anywhere in the world. Other countries that have also had remarkable economic success and enjoyed very high rates of economic growth are Hong Kong, Singapore and Chile. African countries, by contrast, have experienced a much lower rate of growth and, at times, no growth or even negative growth.

Trade liberalization is declining in the status quo. More unilateral protectionist policies now would spiral
to global trade wars
Ikenson, Associate Director, Cato Institute's Center for Trade Policy Studies, 8-13-07

The era of trade liberalization could get worse still. There is a distinct risk that unilateral, punitive actions on trade could severely damage the trade relationship and lead to a contagious deterioration of respect for the WTO and its decisions. That, ultimately, would take us back to the days when tit-for-tat trade wars were common, and uncertainty in trade prevailed.
Debate Round No. 1
astrosfan

Pro

astrosfan forfeited this round.
UUAA

Con

Extend T. You can't evaluate the plan if it is against your jurisdiction. You must accept my conceded interpretation and set standards for the debate
community. Extend the hidden voter in the standards, even if you don't believe it, it was conceded.

Extend the DA. The plan causes the impact.

Extend case.

1 - Trade Liberization solves. Plan would offset success of status quo.

2 - A change in the current foreign policy would spark numerous wars which would turn any solvency when food and water sources are polluted by nuclear fallout.

3 - The current assumptions of the African continent are ignored and reified through the plan's discourse causing solvency to be repealed in the future by worse policies within the mindset of the affirmative. Also trade policies solve this mindset as they deal with entire continents and not neo-colonialist sections of continents.

4 - Even if the DA does not link to the plan, it goes conceded that Obama will win the election and according to his website, he will push for more free trade policies, turning case.

I understand that I probably did not have to post this but I wanted something to do. I would like to thank my opponent for allowing me this opportunity to debate the 07-08 topic again I regret that it was so short lived.
Debate Round No. 2
astrosfan

Pro

astrosfan forfeited this round.
UUAA

Con

Extend round 2 paragraph one. - you have to vote on topicality because it is against judges jurisdiction to vote on non-topical plans. My standards are the best for the debate community as conceded by the affirmative. Hidden voting issue means that the aff is non-topical on two accounts.

Extend the DA

Extend Case numbers 1-4 in round 2. the plan makes the world a worse place to live in and does not uphold the stock issue of solvency.

Vote Negative
Debate Round No. 3
astrosfan

Pro

astrosfan forfeited this round.
UUAA

Con

This Debate round is over. I'm just posting so it will be offically over and I won't keep getting email alerts that I have another argument due. Extend arguments from last round. Heres some random cards:

RAP GIVES VOICE TO THE VOICELESS, AND UNIQUELY ARTICULATES THE RAGE OF THE UNDERCLASS.
Steven Best and Douglas Kellner, Enculturation, Vol. 2, No. 2, Spring 1999, "
Rap, Black Rage, and Racial Difference," URL: http://enculturation.gmu.edu...
Rap music has emerged as one of the most distinctive and controversial music genres of the past decade. A significant part of hip hop culture, [1] rap articulates the experiences and conditions of African-Americans living in a spectrum of marginalized situations ranging from racial stereotyping and stigmatizing to struggle for survival in violent ghetto conditions. In this cultural context, rap provides a voice to the voiceless, a form of protest to the oppressed, and a mode of alternative cultural style and identity to the marginalized. Rap is thus not only music to dance and party to, but a potent form of cultural identity. It has become a powerful vehicle for cultural political expression, serving as the "CNN of black people" (Chuck D), or upping the high-tech ante, as their "satellite communication system" (Heavy D). It is an informational medium to tune into, one that describes the rage of African-Americans facing growing oppression, declining opportunities for advancement, changing moods on the streets, and everyday life as a matter of sheer survival. In turn, it has become a cultural virus, circulating its images, sounds, and attitude throughout the culture and body politic.

Rap artists like Grandmaster Flash, Run DMC, Public Enemy, Ice-T, N.W.A., Ice Cube, Salt 'n' Pepa, Queen Latifah, Wu Tang Clan, Snoop Doggy Dogg, Tupac Shakur, the Fugees, and countless others produced a new musical genre that uniquely articulated the rage of the urban underclass and its sense of intense oppression and defiant rebellion. Given the relatively low expenses in producing and distributing popular music, black artists and producers themselves have often controlled this mode of musical production and have been able to create a form of communication relatively free of censorship and control by the dominant class and social groups. Moreover, rap is part of a vibrant hip hop culture that itself has become a dominant style and ethos throughout the world today.

TWO/THIRDS OF SCHOOL SHOOTINGS ARE DIRECT RESULTS OF BULLYING

Healy ‘01
Rita, April 1, Time Magazine, Antibullying Programs Can Prevent School Violence, http://infotrac.galegroup.com...

That bullying is a destructive force is not in dispute. Last fall [2000] the National Threat Assessment Center, run by the U.S. Secret Service, found that in more than two-thirds of 37 recent school shootings, the attackers felt "persecuted, bullied, threatened, attacked or injured." And bullying is why more than 160,000 children skip school every day, according to the National Association of School Psychologists.

Novices cannot cut cards-

(this card was produced by the SCFI Novices as a block to the playpumps water neg. Words in Brakets were underlined)

Play pumps kill. Big time.
Friday, March 30, 2007

A friend of mine handed me a videotape of this Frontline segment last week, and I was blown away by the simplicity and grass-roots brilliance of the Play Pump. Now if you haven't heard of this already (and I hadn't), the Play Pump was developed by Trevor Field, a retired advertising executive. A regular guy who had done well in life and wanted to find a way to give back. It's basically a merry-go-round that children can play on, but it's attached to a pump, and a reservoir, and while the kids are playing, they are pumping clean water into the reservoir. Here are some facts from the [Play Pumps] website: More than one billion people worldwide do not have access to clean water. Water-related diseases [are the leading cause of death in the world, taking the lives of 6,000 people a day. Every 15 seconds a child dies] from a preventable, water-related disease. [40 billion hours are lost annually] to hauling water, a chore primarily undertaken by women and girls. One play pump can pump up to 1400 liters of clean water a day. That's a huge impact on a community. Plus, the kids are encouraged to have fun and stay in school instead of spending their time collecting and hauling heavy buckets of (often contaminated) water every morning. [If we all do just a little bit, we can make a big difference!]
Debate Round No. 4
16 comments have been posted on this debate. Showing 1 through 10 records.
Posted by Pluto2493 8 years ago
Pluto2493
I'm going to Concordia college in Moorhead, Minnesota.
Posted by UUAA 8 years ago
UUAA
Pluto2493,

I disagree. While the particular standards typically used in policy debate rounds would not fit the online debating spectrum. I think that, with a little standard reform, topicality can be ran effectively online.

I may be going to SCFI this year but I am not sure yet. How about you?
Posted by UUAA 8 years ago
UUAA
whitesoxfan4
50,

I am sorry about claiming that you cannot cut cards. I was simply pointing out how stupid some novices can be. I am sure you are not one of them.
Posted by Pluto2493 8 years ago
Pluto2493
Dude, you can't do T online. Trust me. I learn from experience.

Also, if you guys are still in policy, are you going to camp this summer?
Posted by whitesoxfan450 8 years ago
whitesoxfan450
hey, Novices CAN cut cards! I'm a novice!

I'm not voting cause of that! Mabye later, lol..
Posted by astrosfan 8 years ago
astrosfan
sorry but i have other things i have to do so i wont be able to finish the debate so you can have a free win
Posted by UUAA 8 years ago
UUAA
The Shahadah evidence attacks on two fronts.

First is alternative causality - the problems outlined by the IAC are can never be solved unless we change the underlying assumptions of the african continent.

Next, is a solvency turn - by using the phrase 'sub-saharan africa' in a piece of legislation -ie the plan - you further entrench this mindset which only reifies domination on the african continent. Not only does this justify the 'Holocost of africans' but allows for even more destructive africa policies than the status quo which passes trade bills specific to the african continent.
Posted by UUAA 8 years ago
UUAA
I would define PHA as any current policy that can in fact be increased with specific intent to improve the health of the public.

Your solvency does argue that africa will be able to develop in the world of the plan and that US aid would be successful.
Posted by UUAA 8 years ago
UUAA
The link to the DA is independant to a rupture in the current foreign policy. A major change, which the plan would cause, in our dealings with africa would shift the focus to foriegn issues which would turn out the impacts.
Posted by UUAA 8 years ago
UUAA
The goodman card talks about how trade liberalization - which would be reduced in the world of the plan - is what has brought some of the worlds rising powers out of the third world and inot the first. I essentially argue that trade liberalization principles are superior to aid that has been dumped on africa for decades with little show of change.

One could argue that this gives the inherency of a lesser aid surplus, but when matched to historical findings of the ineffectiveness of this aid, still leaves the plan as a detriment to the status quo.
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