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Art History Weekly IV

Peepette
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3/3/2016 5:36:59 AM
Posted: 9 months ago
Make comment if you wish this thread to continue, and please feel free to make suggestions on how it can become better.

Week 1V

During the Byzantine era 324-1453 AD much of the Greek and Roman Empire was going through a major changes. It was only stable from 324 -467AD then racked with wars that shrank the Empire until it collapsed under the Ottomans in 1453. In the Early period, Constantine the Great moved the Roman capital to Byzantium renamed Constantinople. The city became the Christian center for the Roman Empire but was divided, the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Church. The Catholic Church was autonomous, free from state authority while the Orthodox was in union with secular authority and the emperor ruled over faith and government; similar civic structure occurred in Russia with rulers and the Orthodox Church. These foundations greatly influenced art but were fully rooted in the Greek past.

Early through to the Mid Byzantine era (to 730 AD), art was primarily based on religious expression, impersonal and carefully crafted in thematic terms. The art moved away from the Greek and Roman Classical forms of idyllic human proportions to a more spiritual poignant representation. Art now was flat bright areas of color, one dimensional rendering with impersonal facial depiction and prominent figures in a frontal stance with large eyed gaze projecting an ethereal essence against a gold background. Floor mosaics were made of stone or ceramics to withstand traffic. Grand wall mosaics used a variety of materials, gold, silver, glass (tesserae) and mother of pearl.

In my view this was a big step backwards in the aesthetic and technical aspects of artistic expression. Your thoughts?

Former Greek Classical Form: https://www.youtube.com...

Byzantine : https://www.youtube.com... . The mosaics begin 2 minutes in.

Between 300-700 AD was the Gupta Empire unified North Eastern India. It was a time of peace and unity. The art of this period is defined as their Classical Period. Previous to this, their sculptural style was similar to the Greek Orientalizing period with figure stiffness and blockish shapes. What marks this period is its grace of the human figure with emotion and spirituality, along with fluidity of form. Now artists endeavored to depict Bhava (emotion) and Chintan (contemplation), especially when rendering Buddha.

"The Standing Figure of Buddha" late 6th-early 7th century, copper alloy. What becomes characteristic of Buddha figures of this era is the subtlety of expression and the diaphanous clinging robe. http://www.debate.org...
"Krishna Killing Horse Demon Keshi," 5th century, terracotta 21"h, 16" w, 4.5" d. Depicts and early form of Krishna (Vishnu) who occasionally came to earth to fight battles against evil, in this case the Demon Keshi. Both figures exhibit glaring eyes and the viewer can assume who wins the battle with the dead horse at the foot. It is believed that this story parallels the Greek Hercules myth where he slays horses of Diomedes. http://www.debate.org...

In the highlands of Central Mexico was the city of Teotihuacan which was estimated to have begun around 200 BCE, reached its peak in 600 AD with a population between 100,000 to 200,000. The city was a highly planned urban grid and had great trade influence throughout Mesoamerica. First is "Huehueteotl, The God of Fire", 650 AD. Is one of the oldest gods of Mesoamerica who typically sat in a cross legged position with a coal bin on his head. These statues are seen to be household protection figures against fire. http://www.debate.org... "A Tripod Vessel of a Deity," 350-550 AD, made of clay. http://www.debate.org... Based on what has been presented in previous weeks from various cultures and eras, I'll leave the reader to analyze.
Kirigaya-Kazuto
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3/3/2016 1:05:45 PM
Posted: 9 months ago
At 3/3/2016 5:36:59 AM, Peepette wrote:
Make comment if you wish this thread to continue, and please feel free to make suggestions on how it can become better.

Week 1V

During the Byzantine era 324-1453 AD much of the Greek and Roman Empire was going through a major changes. It was only stable from 324 -467AD then racked with wars that shrank the Empire until it collapsed under the Ottomans in 1453. In the Early period, Constantine the Great moved the Roman capital to Byzantium renamed Constantinople. The city became the Christian center for the Roman Empire but was divided, the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Church. The Catholic Church was autonomous, free from state authority while the Orthodox was in union with secular authority and the emperor ruled over faith and government; similar civic structure occurred in Russia with rulers and the Orthodox Church. These foundations greatly influenced art but were fully rooted in the Greek past.

Early through to the Mid Byzantine era (to 730 AD), art was primarily based on religious expression, impersonal and carefully crafted in thematic terms. The art moved away from the Greek and Roman Classical forms of idyllic human proportions to a more spiritual poignant representation. Art now was flat bright areas of color, one dimensional rendering with impersonal facial depiction and prominent figures in a frontal stance with large eyed gaze projecting an ethereal essence against a gold background. Floor mosaics were made of stone or ceramics to withstand traffic. Grand wall mosaics used a variety of materials, gold, silver, glass (tesserae) and mother of pearl.

In my view this was a big step backwards in the aesthetic and technical aspects of artistic expression. Your thoughts?

Former Greek Classical Form: https://www.youtube.com...

Byzantine : https://www.youtube.com... . The mosaics begin 2 minutes in.

Between 300-700 AD was the Gupta Empire unified North Eastern India. It was a time of peace and unity. The art of this period is defined as their Classical Period. Previous to this, their sculptural style was similar to the Greek Orientalizing period with figure stiffness and blockish shapes. What marks this period is its grace of the human figure with emotion and spirituality, along with fluidity of form. Now artists endeavored to depict Bhava (emotion) and Chintan (contemplation), especially when rendering Buddha.

"The Standing Figure of Buddha" late 6th-early 7th century, copper alloy. What becomes characteristic of Buddha figures of this era is the subtlety of expression and the diaphanous clinging robe. http://www.debate.org...
"Krishna Killing Horse Demon Keshi," 5th century, terracotta 21"h, 16" w, 4.5" d. Depicts and early form of Krishna (Vishnu) who occasionally came to earth to fight battles against evil, in this case the Demon Keshi. Both figures exhibit glaring eyes and the viewer can assume who wins the battle with the dead horse at the foot. It is believed that this story parallels the Greek Hercules myth where he slays horses of Diomedes. http://www.debate.org...

In the highlands of Central Mexico was the city of Teotihuacan which was estimated to have begun around 200 BCE, reached its peak in 600 AD with a population between 100,000 to 200,000. The city was a highly planned urban grid and had great trade influence throughout Mesoamerica. First is "Huehueteotl, The God of Fire", 650 AD. Is one of the oldest gods of Mesoamerica who typically sat in a cross legged position with a coal bin on his head. These statues are seen to be household protection figures against fire. http://www.debate.org... "A Tripod Vessel of a Deity," 350-550 AD, made of clay. http://www.debate.org... Based on what has been presented in previous weeks from various cultures and eras, I'll leave the reader to analyze.

Wow, that was actually very interesting. The Byzantines were always one of my favorite topics during history and yet I didn't even know half of what was said. Please do continue this thread.
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Vaarka
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3/3/2016 1:19:49 PM
Posted: 9 months ago
I love Greek and Roman history. They're my favorite subjects in history to learn about. Keep up the work, Peep! I wanna see more of this XD
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ButterCatX
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3/3/2016 1:41:26 PM
Posted: 9 months ago
Really good job, the byzantine era is a really cool era. Thanks for making these
I bet fanfics are already being posted on random blogs about us.-Vaarka

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