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Parliamentary Debate vs. Policy Debate

Benjamin_Manus
Posts: 20
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12/14/2014 6:14:05 PM
Posted: 1 year ago
There are many types of debate, but the major two types are Parliamentary and Policy. They have their similarities and their differences. As a debater and a coach, I can find it very confusing when trying to teach both types (and numerous other types) to the same class. I hope that this will help you learn the procedures of both and help you distinguish between the two types.

Parliamentary Debate:
In Parliamentary debate, you have six speakers. The first speaker, who is for the government, is the Prime Minister and he speakers for seven minutes. If government thinks it's necessary, they can raise a plan, however this is not required in Parliamentary procedure. The second speaker, who is for the opposition, is the Leader of the Opposition and he speaks for eight minutes. The Leader of the Opposition can raise a counter-plan if he/she wants to, however this is also not required. Next up is the Minister of the Crown (sometimes referred to the Member of Government) and he speaks for eight minutes as well. To end the constructive portion of the debate, the Member of the Opposition speaks for eight minutes as well. You do not prepare beforehand in this type of debate.

Moving on, we enter the rebuttal phase. The two rebutters are the Prime Minister and the Leader of the Opposition. These are sometimes a third person, but it's unusual to come across a case where it's set up like that.

Here are the duties of each speaker:

Prime Minister:
- Define terms in the resolution
- Explain plan (if necessary)
- Raise the first 2 arguments of government

Leader of the Opposition:
- Rebut the Prime Minister's arguments
- Bring up a counter-plan (if desired)
- Raise the first 2 arguments of opposition

Minister of the Crown:
- Rebut the Leader of the Opposition's arguments
- Rebuild government's arguments
- Raise third argument for government
- Expand on plan (if one was raised)

Member of the Opposition:
- Rebut the government's arguments
- Rebuild opposition's arguments
- Raise third argument for opposition
- Expand on counter-plan (if one was raised)

Leader of the Opposition Rebuttal:
- Sum up the debate and show why opposition should win
No new arguments may be raised

Prime Minister Rebuttal:
- Sum up the debate and show why government should win
No new arguments may be raised

I know it's a lot and it's really confusing if you're a new debater, but you'll get the hang of it! :) On to Policy debate!

Policy Debate:
In Policy debate, you have eight speakers instead of six. The first speaker, who represents side affirmative, is known as the 1st Affirmative. Speaking times very from competition to competition, but it's usually about four to five minutes. In Policy debate, 1st Affirmative must raise a plan to implement the resolution. If you fail to do this, you lose the debate by default. The second speaker, for side negative, is the 1st Negative. Again, speaking times very from competition to competition, but in Policy, all of the constructive speakers speak for the same time whatever that may be. Next up is the 2nd Affirmative and then the 2nd Negative. Pretty self-explanatory. This type of debate is easier for new debaters because you can prepare facts, sources, and even your entire speech before the actual debate.

Now to enter the rebuttal phase of the debate. Each speaker rebuts once for three to four minutes. Negative begins this phase, which is commonly known as the "Negative block".

Here are the duties of each speaker:

1st Affirmative:
- Define terms in the resolution
- Explain the plan
- Raise side affirmative's first 2 arguments

1st Negative:
- Rebut 1st Affirmative's arguments
- Bring up a counter-plan (if desired)
- Raise side negative's first 2 arguments

2nd Affirmative:
- Rebut 1st Negative's arguments
- Rebuild affirmative's arguments
- Raise third contention for affirmative
- Expand on plan

2nd Negative:
- Rebut affirmative contentions
- Rebuild negative's arguments
- Raise third argument for side negative
- Expand on counter-plan (if one was raised)

Rebuttals:
- Crystalize and condense the debate and show why your side one
This is the same for both affirmative and negative. New arguments are not allowed in the rebuttal phase.

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Yes, that was a mouthful and I might not have explained it as clearly as it sounds. It gets very confusing with the different speaker roles, speaking times, etc. If you have any questions about Parliamentary, Policy, or any other type of debate, feel free to send me a message!
Regards,
Benjamin Manus
---
Secretary General,
Westfield Academy Model United Nations
---
Assistant Coach,
Westfield Academy of Debate and Public Speaking
---
Systems Administrator,
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lannan13
Posts: 23,073
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12/14/2014 6:26:11 PM
Posted: 1 year ago
I generally prefer Policy Debate, but this website doesn't really accept Policy debate which was a major issue when I came to the site.
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If the sky's the limit then why do we have footprints on the Moon? I'm shooting my aspirations for the stars.

"If you are going through hell, keep going." "Sir Winston Churchill

"No one can make you feel inferior without your consent." "Eleanor Roosevelt

Topics I want to debate. (http://tinyurl.com...)
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Benjamin_Manus
Posts: 20
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12/14/2014 6:29:28 PM
Posted: 1 year ago
At 12/14/2014 6:26:11 PM, lannan13 wrote:
I generally prefer Policy Debate, but this website doesn't really accept Policy debate which was a major issue when I came to the site.

I agree. I'm not really sure what kind of debate this website really supports. There isn't any formatting for the debates, no rules, it's really just two people having a casual argument with other people seeing who had better arguments, better grammar, etc.
Regards,
Benjamin Manus
---
Secretary General,
Westfield Academy Model United Nations
---
Assistant Coach,
Westfield Academy of Debate and Public Speaking
---
Systems Administrator,
VanceCloud VPS Hosting
Benjamin_Manus
Posts: 20
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12/14/2014 6:30:21 PM
Posted: 1 year ago
I wish there was more of a format to each debate
Regards,
Benjamin Manus
---
Secretary General,
Westfield Academy Model United Nations
---
Assistant Coach,
Westfield Academy of Debate and Public Speaking
---
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EndarkenedRationalist
Posts: 14,201
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12/14/2014 6:32:22 PM
Posted: 1 year ago
At 12/14/2014 6:30:21 PM, Benjamin_Manus wrote:
I wish there was more of a format to each debate

You're free to set one up. Plenty of people specify that their debates will be in LD format, for example.
lannan13
Posts: 23,073
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12/14/2014 6:32:58 PM
Posted: 1 year ago
At 12/14/2014 6:29:28 PM, Benjamin_Manus wrote:
At 12/14/2014 6:26:11 PM, lannan13 wrote:
I generally prefer Policy Debate, but this website doesn't really accept Policy debate which was a major issue when I came to the site.

I agree. I'm not really sure what kind of debate this website really supports. There isn't any formatting for the debates, no rules, it's really just two people having a casual argument with other people seeing who had better arguments, better grammar, etc.

I did NFL debate when before I came here and I saw the debate joined it. I did several debates were I outright one on Topicality, but the voters on here aren't accustomed to that kind of debate.
-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-Lannan13'S SIGNATURE-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-

If the sky's the limit then why do we have footprints on the Moon? I'm shooting my aspirations for the stars.

"If you are going through hell, keep going." "Sir Winston Churchill

"No one can make you feel inferior without your consent." "Eleanor Roosevelt

Topics I want to debate. (http://tinyurl.com...)
-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~
Benjamin_Manus
Posts: 20
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12/14/2014 6:33:12 PM
Posted: 1 year ago
At 12/14/2014 6:32:22 PM, EndarkenedRationalist wrote:
At 12/14/2014 6:30:21 PM, Benjamin_Manus wrote:
I wish there was more of a format to each debate

You're free to set one up. Plenty of people specify that their debates will be in LD format, for example.

Yes, but there isn't really a way to enforce it.
Regards,
Benjamin Manus
---
Secretary General,
Westfield Academy Model United Nations
---
Assistant Coach,
Westfield Academy of Debate and Public Speaking
---
Systems Administrator,
VanceCloud VPS Hosting
Benjamin_Manus
Posts: 20
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12/14/2014 6:34:27 PM
Posted: 1 year ago
At 12/14/2014 6:32:58 PM, lannan13 wrote:
At 12/14/2014 6:29:28 PM, Benjamin_Manus wrote:
At 12/14/2014 6:26:11 PM, lannan13 wrote:
I generally prefer Policy Debate, but this website doesn't really accept Policy debate which was a major issue when I came to the site.

I agree. I'm not really sure what kind of debate this website really supports. There isn't any formatting for the debates, no rules, it's really just two people having a casual argument with other people seeing who had better arguments, better grammar, etc.

I did NFL debate when before I came here and I saw the debate joined it. I did several debates were I outright one on Topicality, but the voters on here aren't accustomed to that kind of debate.

Right. I mean there's nothing wrong with it, it's just not real debate practice. It's practicing gathering facts and expressing them clearly in writing.
Regards,
Benjamin Manus
---
Secretary General,
Westfield Academy Model United Nations
---
Assistant Coach,
Westfield Academy of Debate and Public Speaking
---
Systems Administrator,
VanceCloud VPS Hosting
EndarkenedRationalist
Posts: 14,201
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12/14/2014 6:37:56 PM
Posted: 1 year ago
At 12/14/2014 6:33:12 PM, Benjamin_Manus wrote:
At 12/14/2014 6:32:22 PM, EndarkenedRationalist wrote:
At 12/14/2014 6:30:21 PM, Benjamin_Manus wrote:
I wish there was more of a format to each debate

You're free to set one up. Plenty of people specify that their debates will be in LD format, for example.

Yes, but there isn't really a way to enforce it.

The other side will lose. That's a decent incentive.