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Why Did Botswana Succeed in Central Africa?

naxhi24
Posts: 1
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8/29/2014 8:52:14 PM
Posted: 2 years ago
Botswana!

Home to 2 million people, home to numerous wildlife and plant life, formerly part of the Commonwealth, highest growing economy in Africa, fourth highest GDP in Africa, very low in corruption, epic center of AIDS (Yet has one of the best healthcare systems in Africa), and it is the most stable Multi-Party Democracy in Africa, if not in the world (If you ignore that the ruling party has been fairly elected in every election since independence). It is always good to see a country succeed.

Especially if that country happens to border Three Countries with some of the most violent histories on the planet:

Angola: Civil war ravaged it since independence, very poor now, formerly a very prominent communist African State.

Zimbabwe: Basically ruled by a dictator since independence. Second Poorest country on Earth.

Democratic Republic of Congo: Dont even get me started here...........

It is odd to see that Botswana is the anomaly in this region of the world, where its neighbors have had dictatorships/ single party rule since the 60s. It has escaped Rebellion, political instability, economic poverty, and has become a multi-party country.

The reason I am bringing this up is because recently Botswana closed its border to the north with Congo due to an outbreak of Ebola in Congo. While Botswana may have a huge AIDS problem, the fact that it has managed the disease is impressive

Ghana in West Africa is the same way.

So why did Botswana succeed in Central Africa while all its neighbors seemed to fail so miserably?
neutral
Posts: 4,478
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8/31/2014 3:30:48 AM
Posted: 2 years ago
At 8/29/2014 8:52:14 PM, naxhi24 wrote:
Botswana!

Home to 2 million people, home to numerous wildlife and plant life, formerly part of the Commonwealth, highest growing economy in Africa, fourth highest GDP in Africa, very low in corruption, epic center of AIDS (Yet has one of the best healthcare systems in Africa), and it is the most stable Multi-Party Democracy in Africa, if not in the world (If you ignore that the ruling party has been fairly elected in every election since independence). It is always good to see a country succeed.

Especially if that country happens to border Three Countries with some of the most violent histories on the planet:

Angola: Civil war ravaged it since independence, very poor now, formerly a very prominent communist African State.

Zimbabwe: Basically ruled by a dictator since independence. Second Poorest country on Earth.

Democratic Republic of Congo: Dont even get me started here...........

It is odd to see that Botswana is the anomaly in this region of the world, where its neighbors have had dictatorships/ single party rule since the 60s. It has escaped Rebellion, political instability, economic poverty, and has become a multi-party country.

The reason I am bringing this up is because recently Botswana closed its border to the north with Congo due to an outbreak of Ebola in Congo. While Botswana may have a huge AIDS problem, the fact that it has managed the disease is impressive

Ghana in West Africa is the same way.

So why did Botswana succeed in Central Africa while all its neighbors seemed to fail so miserably?

Governance. Inclusiveness. Many of the neighboring African countries continue to struggle with corruption and cronyism, wherein certain tribal organizations are favored over others, and the collection of taxes and resources is then distributed through the patrimony system rather than the country itself. The result is a few fabulously wealthy and powerful over the masses of Africans, and almost now spending on infrastructure which would facilitate economic growth. Much the spending that is allocated on spending in these countries is siphoned off by corruption anyway, as the contracts are awarded to those favored few, and by the time it gets to the project ... its pretty much gone.

Additionally, basic security, which the West takes for granted, is often little more than hired protection for the elites. There is little or no police force of consequence, and reporting corruption is like pissing into the wind as the police will not take on the powerful oligarchies entrenched in these places. The result, especially in Congo, is roving bands of rebels that are little more than criminal gangs that exploit the people - so long as its away from the center of power it facilitates that power as the people, helpless against the 'rebels' then turn to the oligarchy for help. The Army, when deployed, is usually just as bad as the 'rebels' and the result is a toxic brew of instability fueled and sustained by the greed of a few desperate for power and cash. In fact, the Army cannot be allowed to get strong enough to 'win' because that would produce a 'hero' who could then overthrow the oligarchy. Its just a bloody mess that begins with corruption, and spreads out like cancer.

Botswana has broken this cycle. No doubt to the applause of its citizens.
Mercury3
Posts: 5
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9/4/2014 5:49:49 PM
Posted: 2 years ago
So why did Botswana succeed in Central Africa while all its neighbors seemed to fail so miserably?

Two factors:

1) Botswana is much richer (per capita) in mineral resources.

3) Over 80% of its population belong to a single ethnic group.
Atheist-Independent
Posts: 776
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10/4/2014 12:14:36 PM
Posted: 2 years ago
At 8/29/2014 8:52:14 PM, naxhi24 wrote:
Botswana!

Home to 2 million people, home to numerous wildlife and plant life, formerly part of the Commonwealth, highest growing economy in Africa, fourth highest GDP in Africa, very low in corruption, epic center of AIDS (Yet has one of the best healthcare systems in Africa), and it is the most stable Multi-Party Democracy in Africa, if not in the world (If you ignore that the ruling party has been fairly elected in every election since independence). It is always good to see a country succeed.

Especially if that country happens to border Three Countries with some of the most violent histories on the planet:

Angola: Civil war ravaged it since independence, very poor now, formerly a very prominent communist African State.

Zimbabwe: Basically ruled by a dictator since independence. Second Poorest country on Earth.

Democratic Republic of Congo: Dont even get me started here...........

It is odd to see that Botswana is the anomaly in this region of the world, where its neighbors have had dictatorships/ single party rule since the 60s. It has escaped Rebellion, political instability, economic poverty, and has become a multi-party country.

The reason I am bringing this up is because recently Botswana closed its border to the north with Congo due to an outbreak of Ebola in Congo. While Botswana may have a huge AIDS problem, the fact that it has managed the disease is impressive

Ghana in West Africa is the same way.

So why did Botswana succeed in Central Africa while all its neighbors seemed to fail so miserably?

South Africa is doing pretty well also, I don't know why it is though. Also can you qualify Botswana a Central Africa? I would call it southern.