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French Declaration if 1791

bballcrook21
Posts: 4,468
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6/28/2016 8:28:14 PM
Posted: 5 months ago
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen in Revolutionary France:

1. Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions may be founded
only upon the general good.
2. The aim of all political association is the preservation of the natural and
imprescriptible rights of man. These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance
to oppression.
3. The principle of all sovereignty resides essentially in the nation. No body nor
individual may exercise any authority which does not proceed directly from the nation.
4. Liberty consists in the freedom to do everything which injures no one else; hence the
exercise of the natural rights of each man has no limits except those which assure to the
other members of the society the enjoyment of the same rights. These limits can only be
determined by law.
5. Law can only prohibit such actions as are hurtful to society. Nothing may be prevented
which is not forbidden by law, and no one may be forced to do anything not provided for
by law.
6. Law is the expression of the general will. Every citizen has a right to participate
personally, or through his representative, in its foundation. It must be the same for all,
whether it protects or punishes. All citizens, being equal in the eyes of the law, are
equally eligible to all dignities and to all public positions and occupations, according to
their abilities, and without distinction except that of their virtues and talents.
7. No person shall be accused, arrested, or imprisoned except in the cases and according
to the forms prescribed by law. Any one soliciting, transmitting, executing, or causing to
be executed, any arbitrary order, shall be punished. But any citizen summoned or arrested
in virtue of the law shall submit without delay, as resistance constitutes an offense.
8. The law shall provide for such punishments only as are strictly and obviously
necessary, and no one shall suffer punishment except it be legally inflicted in virtue of a
law passed and promulgated before the commission of the offense.
9. As all persons are held innocent until they shall have been declared guilty, if arrest
shall be deemed indispensable, all harshness not essential to the securing of the prisoner's
person shall be severely repressed by law.
10. No one shall be disquieted on account of his opinions, including his religious views,
provided their manifestation does not disturb the public order established by law.
11. The free communication of ideas and opinions is one of the most precious of the
rights of man. Every citizen may, accordingly, speak, write, and print with freedom, but
shall be responsible for such abuses of this freedom as shall be defined by law.
12. The security of the rights of man and of the citizen requires public military forces.
These forces are, therefore, established for the good of all and not for the personal
advantage of those to whom they shall be intrusted.
13. A common contribution is essential for the maintenance of the public forces and for
the cost of administration. This should be equitably distributed among all the citizens in
proportion to their means.
14. All the citizens have a right to decide, either personally or by their representatives, as
to the necessity of the public contribution; to grant this freely; to know to what uses it is
put; and to fix the proportion, the mode of assessment and of collection and the duration
of the taxes.
15. Society has the right to require of every public agent an account of his administration.
16. A society in which the observance of the law is not assured, nor the separation of
powers defined, has no constitution at all.
17. Since property is an inviolable and sacred right, no one shall be deprived thereof
except where public necessity, legally determined, shall clearly demand it, and then only
on condition that the owner shall have been previously and equitably indemnified.

This is the French Declaration of the Rights of man and the citizen.

Any thoughts on the charter?
If you put the federal government in charge of the Sahara Desert, in 5 years there'd be a shortage of sand. - Friedman

Underlying most arguments against the free market is a lack of belief in freedom itself. -Friedman

Nothing is so permanent as a temporary government program. - Friedman

Society will never be free until the last Democrat is strangled with the entrails of the last Communist.
ironslippers
Posts: 513
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6/28/2016 8:50:46 PM
Posted: 5 months ago
At 6/28/2016 8:28:14 PM, bballcrook21 wrote:
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen in Revolutionary France:

I wonder where this declaration was hidden when France joined the EU
Everyone stands on their own dung hill and speaks out about someone else's - Nathan Krusemark
Its easier to criticize and hate than it is to support and create - I Ron Slippers