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How much can we control self development ?

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7/1/2015 11:47:55 AM
Posted: 2 years ago
Hello people.
Recently, my ENG 102 Instructor requested me to write an essay about the question at the thread.Here is the significant amount of my essay -I could not type th whole essay here-;

Golden Elephant in The Room
Human psychology has been microscope of science for last several decades.Countless psychologists , psychiatrists, genetic scientists and antropologists have investigated and examined human psychology and it"s subtopics such as personality, personal development, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and other types of motivations which exist between the two kinds of motivations, link between genetics and psychology etc. The leading psychologist is Sigmund Freud who obtained prominence during 19.century.One of hot topics in current psychology is whether personal development is in our control or not. İt is an highly hot topic, because the question is related to another question which is that whether humans have free will or not. The most appropriate and logical answer to this question is , basically, no.İn other words , we do not have any control over our personal development , becuase personal development process entirely depends on two factors which we are unable to control; environmental and genetic factors.
People"s personal development is seriously affected by the circumstances which they can not control , in other words , environmental factors do have a significant impact on personal development.Environmental factors indicate parents" attitude towards their infants or children , noise level of the environment which people stay, crowdness of house which people live, attitude of teachers or Instructors towards their students, income level and neighbourhood in which people, particularly children, breathe in .All of the factors have a tremendous effect on personal development.Kimberly Kopko, who got her Phd n Child Development from the Department of Human Development at Cornell University in May 2005 and is also "Associate Director of Cornell Cooperative Extension " in Cornell University, wrote up an article related to environmental factors" effects on children"s personal development .The article is based on studies and empirical data which were done and obtained by Dr. Gary Evans, a developmental psychologist in Cornell University, about effects of noise , quality of neighbourhood, and family crowdness towards personal development of a child.In the Introduction, she proclaims that physical environment profoundly influences developmental outcomes including achievement , cognitive , social and emotional development.Subsequently, she starts to mention about negative and damaging effects of noise on personal development of children.She says; "Children"s reading abilities, cognitive development, physiological indicators and motivational tasks are effected by exposure to noise" ("The Effects of the Physical Environment on Children"s Development." Ed.Kimberly Kopko. Cornell University,Web.).Then, she explains sorts of noises that children mostly exposure, which are noise of transportation, people, and music.Then, she says that there is empirical data, obtained by Dr. Gary Evans" studies, which proves long term exposure to airport noise leads reading delays among children.Then, she also says ;"Teachers in noisy scholls are more fatigued, annoyed and less patient than teachers in quiter schools", "Children exposed to chronic loud noise also experince arise in blood pressure and stress hormones.And children as young as four are less motivated to perform on challenging language and pre reading tasks under conditions of exposure to chronic noise"In nutshell, in this part of her article, she says exposure to chronic nouse , particularly noise of aircrafts are seriously harmful on children"s cognitive, emotional, in other words, personal development. Under umbrella of this data, it can be proclaimed that a child"s personal development is seriously effected by the condition that whether are the parents aware of the fact that long term exposure to chronic noise has damaging effects on their children"s personal development.Even if they are aware, this does not quarantee that the child will not be seriously and negatively effected by long term exposure to noise. Becuase parents might be extremely mean, or, financially weak, weak enought not to be able to afford a thick window glass which can prevent the child from exposure to loud noise.Nobody can choose parent they are born in , therefore , nobody can control whether their parents will be aware of the fact that children"s personal development are negativelt affected by long term exposure to noise, or will be extremely mean or financially weak.
Another factor which she mentions in his article is crowdness of family.According to empirical data which is obtained by Gary Evans" studies, elementary school children who live in more crowded homes score lower on "standartized reading tests " and they see themselves as "less scholastically competent" than their other classmates. Another fact that found during his resaerch is that in more crowded homes parents speak less to their infants from infancy to age of two and half , and this condition damages the infant"s linguistic skills.Today, in Turkey there are tremendous numbers of families who breed infants inproportionally to ther income.In addition, they are not aware of the fact that crowdness of family affects children"s personal development negatively.As mentioned before, people do not have right to choose their parents and those parents who breeds high numbers of children/infants despite of the fact that their financial state is unsuitable to do, damage their children"s personal and psychological development and it is hard for those children to go high quality college or get a fine job.
Despite of the fact that Dr.Gary Evans is a researcher who contribute to argument what we do not have control over our personal development , there is another professor ,Ken Robinson, who also, intentionally or not, contributes the argument that we do not have any control over our personal development.İn his speech , he mentions about Glyinn Lynee who obtained her ballet course and status of "coreographer" by coincidence.When she was an adolescent, teachers thought that she was hyper active and a problematic student, however, a good psychiatrist observed that she could be a very succesful dancer , then told this to her mother, then, she became a dancer.He says "Somebody else might have put her on medication and told her to calm down" (Robinson, Ken. "Do Schools Kill Creativity ?" TED, 6 Jan. 2007. Web.) This event also contributes the argument that people does not have any control on their personal development.Because , obviously she obtained her status by merely chance.
Steve Jobs who founded Apple company once said "I am convinced that anything that kept me going was that I loved what I did. " This statement clearly shows that there is no goal which can be accomplished without intrinsic motivation. The most prominent thoght of 21.Century is that "Succesful" people actually deserve what they have obtained, cars , houses etc. And they have some kind of superiority towards "losers" of the society.They recieve more salary than "losers" of the society.İn other words, they think that they can always control their personal development, however, it is so clear that self development can occur in a very restricted way .And, source of instrinsic motivation is genes which can not be controlled .A psychologist and English teacher Bob Sullo says in his book "Activating the desire to Learn " "Our genetic Instruction is to achieve , to master new skills and to be recognized for our accomplishments." "Sullo,Bob,Motivation from the İnside Out" and he is right. When some people have interest on certain fields , some of them do not, this is about genes.
Okay, so, what do you think ?