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Unification of three philosophies "

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6/25/2016 1:08:54 PM
Posted: 1 year ago
(Excerpt from message of Shri Datta Swami)

The greatest slip in understanding these three (dvaita, advaita, visishtadvaita) philosophies lies in just one basic point. That point is that these three philosophies are confined to a special case of human incarnation only in which God and a human soul co-exist in the same human body as per the Veda (Dvaa suparnaa...). God enters a human body existing with its soul as per the Gita (Manusheem tanumaashritam). In the human incarnation, God merges with the soul in the human body identifying Himself with soul like the current entering metallic wire. The soul is Paraprakruti (awareness) and the body is (Aparaprakruti). Hence, the soul and body constitute a single item called body (Prakruti).

Therefore, God enters the human body (as per the Gita) means that God enters the body in which two components (para and apara) exist. It is like a flat given to the President, means a house (apara) associated with servant (para). The electrified metallic wire itself is called as electricity and this is monism. The electricity is a stream of electrons whereas the wire is a chain of metallic crystals and both the electricity and wire (God and soul) are totally different items (dualism).

Electricity is the major component of power and the wire is minor material component. God treats the soul in the human incarnation as His important part of the body like eye (we hear a father saying about his two sons as two eyes indicating composite-part relationship). Hence, all these arguments of the three philosophies are confined to one special case only, which is called as human incarnation like Rama, Krishna etc. This main point slipped and these three philosophies are wrongly applied to all the human souls and God. The simile here is: we discussed about electricity and wire in the case of electrified wire regarding the Monism or Dualism or intermediate inseparable Dualism treated as Monism. Up to this, these three types of discussions are perfectly right as long as all these discussions are confined to the electrified wire only. But, now the situation is totally different because we are discussing about the electricity present in the power station and several non-electrified wires present in our house. These discussions cannot apply to the case of non-electrified wires at all because the electricity is not present in the wire. The Monism says that electricity (energy) and the wire (matter) are one and the same since matter and energy are inter-convertible forms.

If it is correct, the non-electrified wire also should give shock. The Dualism says that both are different from each other and this is quite logical since electricity is in the power station and non-electrified wires are in our house. Both are far from each other and also totally different items. The special Monism says that electricity and wire are inseparable and this also looks odd since both exist separately far from each other. The statements of Shankara and Ramanuja should be confined to the electrified wire (Human Incarnation) only where we can say that the all pervading electricity (God) and metallic wire are one and the same for all practical purposes (Shankara) and both can be treated as one since both are inseparable (Ramanuja).

The Veda says that God entered this creation (Tadevaanu Praavishat). Such entry need not be total so that we have to say that God exists in the entire creation. Here, God is thought to be awareness. In such case, awareness does not exist everywhere in this world. If it exists everywhere, every item of the creation should be non-inert with awareness. But, we find the presence of awareness in few items only. Hence, we have to agree that the entry is not total but partial only. If we say that a person entered a house, it does not mean that the person can be found everywhere in the house. The person will be found only in a room (Part) of the house (composite). Once we agree that the entry is only partial, the entered part may be big (hall) or small (room).

Therefore, the entry does not mean all the living beings with awareness (hall), but a specific devoted human being only called human Incarnation. God is not characterised by mere awareness, but is characterised by special knowledge (Prajnanam) to be given to humanity. Here also, we should not forget that the unimaginable God is not the imaginable awareness or imaginable special knowledge. It only means that God is associated with special knowledge and is addressed as special knowledge since associating item can be addressed as the associated item (Prjnananam Brahmah).

posted by: surya (disciple of swamiji)