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Libertarian Definitions

Ore_Ele
Posts: 25,980
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5/24/2011 10:20:50 AM
Posted: 5 years ago
Can someone provide me with the "official" definitions for the Libertarian and/or AnCap definitions for the following things? Along with sources for those? I've tried looking on Mises, but I can only find articles, rather than solid definitions (maybe I just don't know my way around the site).

Self-ownership
Homestead principle
Human (as far as rights are concerned)

Thanks kindly.
"Wanting Red Rhino Pill to have gender"
Ragnar_Rahl
Posts: 19,297
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5/24/2011 11:02:23 AM
Posted: 5 years ago
There's no "official" enough definition for self ownership for what you're asking for. It's not widely seen as hard to understand, which is probably why. I could define it for you if you like, but it wouldn't be "official."

Homestead principle: Mix your labor with an unowned thing and it's yours, see Locke, although he wouldn't call it homesteading, see Homestead Act to see why it's called that. See Nozick for an explanation of the difference between the traditional proviso homesteading that Locke held and modern no-proviso, which is the libertarian position.

Human-- People can make colorable claims to libertarianism and disagree on this, but rational animal. See:
http://aynrandlexicon.com...
And to show that it's not just Randian, Rothbard agrees with it:
http://mises.org...
Aristotle's Nicomachean ethics originated this speaking of the "Rational principle" in man as essential.
It came to be at its height. It was commanded to command. It was a capital before its first stone was laid. It was a monument to the spirit of man.
Ore_Ele
Posts: 25,980
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5/24/2011 11:14:26 AM
Posted: 5 years ago
I guess "official" is not the right word, but "commonly understood amoung the libertarian and/or ancap community." Obviously, there will always be outliers.
"Wanting Red Rhino Pill to have gender"
Xer
Posts: 7,776
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5/24/2011 11:34:27 AM
Posted: 5 years ago
Self-Ownership

These two excerpted chapters from books are probably the most influential chapters about self-ownership among Austro-libertarians:
The Economics and Ethics of Private Property by Hans-Hermann Hoppe
http://www.lewrockwell.com...
The Ethics of Liberty by Murray Rothbard
http://mises.org...

There really isn't a be-all, end all definition in those two chapters.

But Rothbard has a good definition in this separate Cato Institute journal article:
http://www.cato.org...
"...the basic axiom of libertarian political theory holds that every man is a self-owner, having absolute jurisdiction over his own body. In effect, this means that no one else may justly invade, or aggress against, another's person."

Best article on Mises about self-ownership: http://mises.org...

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Homesteading

This Wiki article has a pretty good summary of different libertarian's views on homesteading: http://en.wikipedia.org...

Basic definition from Rothbard: http://mises.org...
"The homesteading principle means that the way that unowned property gets into private ownership is by the principle that this property justly belongs to the person who finds, occupies, and transforms it by his labor."

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Human (as far as rights are concerned)

From Human Action by Ludwig von Mises:
http://mises.org...
"Man is the being that lives under these conditions. He is not only homo sapiens, but no less homo agens. Beings of human descent who either from birth or from acquired defects are unchangeably unfit for any action (in the strict sense of the term and not merely in the legal sense) are practically not human. Although the statutes and biology consider them to be men, they lack the essential feature of humanity. The newborn child too is not an acting being. It has not yet gone the whole way from conception to the full development of its human qualities. But at the end of this evolution it becomes an acting being."

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The following is a glossary for Ludwig von Mises's book Human Action. It's not a complete dictionary of all things libertarian but it definitely has a lot of definitions: http://mises.org...
Ore_Ele
Posts: 25,980
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5/24/2011 11:42:25 AM
Posted: 5 years ago
Thank you very much. I want to do a debate to show that self-ownership is not compatible with homesteading, however, before doing so, I need to make sure I have correct definitions. Obviously, if my view is based on inaccurate definitions, there is no point in starting a debate.
"Wanting Red Rhino Pill to have gender"
Thaddeus
Posts: 6,985
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5/25/2011 5:26:29 AM
Posted: 5 years ago
At 5/24/2011 11:42:25 AM, OreEle wrote:
Thank you very much. I want to do a debate to show that self-ownership is not compatible with homesteading, however, before doing so, I need to make sure I have correct definitions. Obviously, if my view is based on inaccurate definitions, there is no point in starting a debate.

Who are you thinking of challenging?