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Amendment 29th of the US Constitution

augcaesarustus
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12/13/2015 10:52:35 AM
Posted: 12 months ago
Amendment 29th

Section 1

Representatives shall be chosen every three years by the people of the several States, and the number of such representatives shall be, as nearly as practicable, twice the number of senators.

Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States, which may be included within this Federation, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined, whenever necessary, in the following manner: "

i) a quota shall be ascertained by dividing the number of the people of the United States, as shown by the latest statistics of the Union, by twice the number of senators;
ii) the number of representatives to be chosen in each State shall be determined by dividing the number of the people of the State, as shown by the latest statistics in of the United States, by the quota; and if on such division there be a remainder greater than one-half of the quota, one more member shall be chosen for that State.

The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty-thousand thousand; but notwithstanding anything in this section, five representatives at least shall be chosen in each State.

Section 2

The Senate shall be composed of an equal number senators for each State, chosen for a term of six-years by the Legislature thereof at the regular session next immediately preceding the commencement of the term of service; and each senator shall have one vote.

Senators shall be elected on a system of proportional representation by single transferable vote; and they shall be chosen by the elected members of both Houses of the State Legislature.

Immediately after they shall be assembled, in consequence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into two classes. The seats of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of three years; and of the second class at the expiration of six years; so that one half may be chosen every three years.

The Senate may proceed to despatch of business, notwithstanding the failure of any State to provide for its representation in the Senate.

The next Senate that commences following this enactment of this amendment shall have not less than four senators per State. The Congress may make laws increasing or diminishing the number of senators; provided, that equal representation of the States is maintained, and that no State shall choose less than four senators.

Section 3

The Congress shall not confer on members of the Congress any extraordinary post-service or retirement salary, wages or benefits outside of what would be granted to a person who was not a member of the Congress.

Section 4

No person, in his or her lifetime, may serve more than twelve years in either House of the Congress, or both, in any combination of terms.
augcaesarustus
Posts: 368
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12/14/2015 5:08:18 AM
Posted: 12 months ago
Another proposed Constitutional Amendment for the United States Constitution. The key game changer in this is the term limits.
augcaesarustus
Posts: 368
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12/15/2015 1:39:36 AM
Posted: 12 months ago
Extending the terms of congressmen from 2 years to 3 years ensures that there is more stability for members of the House; there will be one more extra year, and so members won't be focused on campaigning within the first two years at least. This gives enough time to focus and examine policy.

The other innovation here is increasing the number of senators to half the total number of the members of the House. This is to ensure that the bigger States don't swallow up the small States by arbitrarily increasing its own membership without having to increase the number of senators. Also, electing senators on a system of proportional representation by single transferable vote ensures the representation of minority parties in the Senate.
augcaesarustus
Posts: 368
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12/16/2015 12:48:53 AM
Posted: 12 months ago
One must ask the question, given the commencement of campaigning for the presidential election: are the candidates really talking about the important issues?

If you're a liberal, then Bernie Sanders may be your man. His advocacy for the poor and for a stronger middle class is admirable, particularly from the perspective of overseas citizens. But, ask yourself this question: if Sanders won the presidential election, would he really be able to implement his policies? Would he be able to negotiate with republicans on many of his issues? I highly doubt it.

In fact, Congress would become obstructionist, just as it is now, and just as it has always been. The fact is that what the candidates are proposing doesn't matter. It's not important: it's only superficial and temporary; it doesn't fix the problem.

The real problem lies in institutions. Institutions govern the way people behave in society. It's why we pay taxes, and it's why we are able to have protection against injustice without having to resort to violence. The institutions of the United States are broken, especially its political institutions. If you're going to fix a car, one doesn't fix it by simply painting it a different color, and this is what is being done here. One needs to fix the engine and the internal components of the car; and what I'm proposing does this.

If you don't believe me or you're skeptical, and you think that America's problems lie elsewhere, I encourage you to spend some time thinking about how each proposed section of the 28th and 29th amendment would really affect the political process. These two amendments incorporate aspects from many State Constitutions in the US. They have been tried, applied and have been successful. One particular example is the California State Constitution.

The need for political reform is always the number one priority for all nations. Other issues such as the economy don't matter unless the political institutions are strong and responsive to the needs of the people. Politicians don't like to talk about political reform because it threatens their position and changes the status-quo. Other nations like France have undergone in recent times significant political reform. An e.g. of this was the reforms of 2008, which included many amendments that regulated the process of policy-making and changing the behavior of political actors. If other countries can do it, why can't the United States?
augcaesarustus
Posts: 368
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12/17/2015 7:58:45 AM
Posted: 11 months ago
The total number of members of the House should be twice the number of senators. This prevents big States from swallowing up the smaller States.