Total Posts:3|Showing Posts:1-3
Jump to topic:

30th Amendment of the US Constitution

augcaesarustus
Posts: 368
Add as Friend
Challenge to a Debate
Send a Message
12/16/2015 5:50:46 AM
Posted: 11 months ago
Amendment XXX

Section 1

The President and Vice-President shall hold their offices for the term of six years; but the President shall not be re-eligible.

No person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice President of the United States; and no person shall be elected to the office of Vice President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of Vice President, or acted as Vice President or as President (as the case may be), for more than three years of a term to which some other person was elected Vice President or President shall be elected to the office of the Vice President more than once.

The President shall be Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the United States but the exercise of this prerogative shall be regulated by law.

No declaration of war shall be issued except by the explicit ratification of both Houses of Congress and with the concurrence of a majority of the whole number of senators and representatives in each House.

Section 2

The office of President, of Vice-President, and all other executive and civil offices of trust or profit under the authority of the Federation shall be non-partisan. No political party or party central committee or caucus shall nominate a candidate for the aforementioned offices, and the candidate's party preference shall not be included on the ballot for the respective offices.

Section 3

The President and Vice President shall be chosen by an electoral college which shall be composed of a number of electors equal to the whole number of senators and one half the whole number of representatives to which each State may be entitled in the Congress; provided, that no State chooses less than fifteen electors. One half of such electors shall be chosen by the elected members of both Houses of the State Legislature, and the other half shall be chosen by the people of the several States.

Congress shall determine the times, places and qualifications of the electors; provided, that but no senator or representative or person holding any executive, civil or political office of trust or profit shall be appointed elector; and that no elector may be appointed to any executive, civil or political office during the term of the President immediately following the election for which that elector was appointed.

The role of elector shall be non-partisan; he or she shall exercise independent judgement when casting his or her vote. No elector shall be bound by instructions and shall not be pledged to a specific candidate. No political party or party central committee or caucus shall nominate a candidate as elector, and the elector's party preference shall not be included on the ballot for the respective office.

Section 4

The twelfth article of amendment of the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.

The electoral college shall vote for President and Vice-President in the following manner: the electors shall meet in their respective States and vote by ballot for two persons, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a list of all persons voted for, and the number of votes for each; which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the president of the Senate. The president of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The person having the greatest number of votes shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then a subsequent round of voting shall take place, with the person(s) having the least amount of votes eliminated and so forth; until there be left two final persons, between which an absolute majority shall be attainable. And after the choice of the President, the person having the highest number of votes of the electors shall be the Vice-President.

Section 5

The principal officer in each of the Executive Departments, and all persons connected with the diplomatic service, may be removed from office at the pleasure of the President. All other civil officers of the Executive Departments may be removed at any time by the President, or other appointing power, when their services are unnecessary, or for dishonesty, incapacity, inefficiency, misconduct, or neglect of duty; and when so removed, the removal shall be reported to the Senate, together with the reasons therefore.

The Congress may, by law, grant to the principal officer in each of the Executive Departments a seat upon the floor of either House, with the privilege of discussing any measures appertaining to his department; and the officers shall furnish any such information as requested by the Congress.
augcaesarustus
Posts: 368
Add as Friend
Challenge to a Debate
Send a Message
12/16/2015 6:05:13 AM
Posted: 11 months ago
This is the proposed 30th Amendment of the Constitution of the United States, which alters the institution of the office of President.

The office of President was never supposed to be a partisan office. The Framers never had this intention. James Madison was concerned about political parties or what he referred to 'factions.' Given that George Washington was expected to be the first President, political parties were an issue when drafting the Constitution.

However, over time political parties were inevitable and they developed. But the role of the Chief Executive and the Head of State is not meant to be an office of party politics. Whilst the President has certain enumerated powers, these powers serve preserve the national interest over factional and disproportionately powerful interests.

The Chief Executive's main role is to execute the law and to represent the nation abroad, etc. Whilst he or she is involved in policy-making in current arrangements, in this new system the President would take a back-step and leave the majority of the policy-making to the Legislative branch and to the Executive Officers. As stated in the 28th Amendment, the two-thirds appropriation requirement is less about empowering the Executive over the budget (although it does this) but more about implementing an additional check on the Legislature over budgetary and financial matters.

This is why the Constitution explicitly states the President and other Executive Officers are to be non-partisan. This ensures that the office of President can never be partisan. This non-partisan status also facilitates greater cooperation between the Executive and the Legislature, since the President acts in the interest of the nation and not of the party, as current Presidents are wont to do.
augcaesarustus
Posts: 368
Add as Friend
Challenge to a Debate
Send a Message
12/17/2015 7:53:36 AM
Posted: 11 months ago
This amendment prevents the 'Lame Duck' effect by having the President serve only a single term of six-years.