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Polarity in the International System

PetersSmith
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4/15/2016 11:57:25 PM
Posted: 7 months ago
The realist perspective of the international system states it's a state of anarchy. The idealist perspective says it has some order. But what is most questioned is what is the polarity of the international system? One of the major implications of an international system with any number of poles, including a multipolar system, is that international decisions will often be made for strategic reasons to maintain a balance of power rather than out of ideological or historical reasons. Here are the types of polarity:

1. Unipolarity: a distribution of power in which one state exercises most of the cultural, economic, and military influence. Unipolarity is an interstate system and not an empire. Unipolarity is anarchical. Anarchy results from the incomplete power preponderance of the unipole. Unipolar systems possess only one great power and face no competition. Example: the suggestion that post-Cold War United States owns the international system as a unipolar power.

2. Bipolarity: Bipolarity is a distribution of power in which two states have the majority of economic, military, and cultural influence internationally or regionally. Often, spheres of influence would develop. he bipolar system can be said to extend to much larger systems, such as alliances or organizations, which would not be considered nation-states, but would still have power concentrated in two primary groups. Example: the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the USA.

3. Tripolarity: Three different world powers exercise most of the cultural, economic, and military influence. Usually it's the competition between 3 powers of equal strength, or 3 powers that have an advantage to each other in some way (stronger military to stronger economy to better technology etc.). Example: the suggestion that the US is not the predominant power, and is instead fighting for control of the international system with Russia and China.

4. Multipolarity: a distribution of power in which more than four nation-states have nearly equal amounts of military, cultural, and economic influence. Great powers can gain power through alliances and petty wars that do not directly challenge other powers. A multipolar system can focus their fears on any number of other powers and, misjudging the intentions of other states, and unnecessarily compromise their security. Example: the 19th Century Victorian Era (Russia, France, Prussia, UK, USA, Italy, China, Spain, etc.).

5. Nonpolarity: an international system featuring numerous centers of power but no center dominating any other centre. Example: a very generous view of the modern international system's distribution of power.

So, the question is: which polarity do you think is best for an international system to have? Which would have the most stability? Which would have the most order and peace? Or are they all just the same in the end? Discuss?
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PetersSmith
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7/20/2016 5:19:48 AM
Posted: 4 months ago
Dusting off bump.
Empress of DDO (also Poll and Forum "Maintenance" Moderator)

"The two most important days in your life is the day you were born, and the day you find out why."
~Mark Twain

"Wow"
-Doge

"Don't believe everything you read on the internet just because there's a picture with a quote next to it."
~Abraham Lincoln

Guide to the Polls Section: http://www.debate.org...