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The Northern Sea Route - a national transport
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8/4/2016 6:38:00 AM
Posted: 5 months ago
The Northern Sea Route (NSR) runs along the northern coast of Russia on the seas of the Arctic Ocean - the Barents, Kara, Laptev, East Siberian, Chukchi and Bering. It connects the European and Far East ports of Russia, as well as the mouth of the navigable Siberian rivers into a national transportation system in the Arctic. The length adjacent to the SMP navigable waterways - about 37,000 km. In the Russian Federation Development Strategy for the Arctic zone and national security for the period until 2020, approved by Russian President Vladimir Putin 20 February 2013, the SMP is characterized as a "single national transport artery of Russia in the Arctic."
Russia and foreign countries on different assessments of the international legal status of the NSR. The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on SMP from July 28, 2012 The Northern Sea Route is defined as "historically established national transport communication of the Russian Federation. Most interested in the use of SMP foreign states in favor of giving it international status, ie for removal from the national jurisdiction of Russia and opening to free navigation. On the principle of free navigation in particular the United States insist that historically consider it a basic component of its maritime strategy.
legal problems arise from the fact that the Northern Sea Route passes through the plurality of passages which have (as in the whole water area of the SMP) to various international legal status. Some foreign countries (eg, the US) believe that these Straits should be given the status of "global areas of public use", where all ships without exception, should enjoy the right of free passage.
Moscow opposes such a loose interpretation of the principles and norms of maritime law. Internationalization sea straits is possible only if such status has developed historically and fixed by relevant international agreements.