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The woman and public jobs

hassanelagouz
Posts: 1
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3/22/2015 5:41:48 AM
Posted: 1 year ago
Question: The apostle of Allah (Blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: (They never be successful those who have a woman as their leader.) Does this Hadeeth have a general meaning? However we saw examples in the past and the present of successful leading women such as Balkees (The queen of Yemen).
The prophet (Blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said this Hadeeth in a certain occasion, when they told him that the Persian king died and that the Persians chose his daughter as his successor, then he (Blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said this Hadeeth: (They never be successful those who have a woman as their leader.) He meant that the Persians wouldn"t be successful anymore, and he was right as their kingdom vanished.
Some scholars limited themselves to the apparent verbal meaning of the Hadeeth and forbade the woman from any leading position even if she has suitable scientific qualifications or leading practical successes. Other scholars followed the Hanafy doctrine that this Hadeeth related to the highest leadership which is the presidency or the caliphate, but she can do other available jobs including judgeship which need her experience about the matters connected to women. Most modern scholars agree with this opinion, they verified this by the great successes Muslim woman achieved in all fields. Some scholars opened all leading jobs to her even presidency as in Pakistan and Bangladesh. There is not a leading position banned for a woman unless it is not suitable for her nature or her character, the prophet (Blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: (Women are men"s full sisters.)
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frbnsn
Posts: 353
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3/23/2015 4:46:16 AM
Posted: 1 year ago
At 3/22/2015 5:41:48 AM, hassanelagouz wrote:
Question: The apostle of Allah (Blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: (They never be successful those who have a woman as their leader.) Does this Hadeeth have a general meaning? However we saw examples in the past and the present of successful leading women such as Balkees (The queen of Yemen).
The prophet (Blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said this Hadeeth in a certain occasion, when they told him that the Persian king died and that the Persians chose his daughter as his successor, then he (Blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said this Hadeeth: (They never be successful those who have a woman as their leader.) He meant that the Persians wouldn"t be successful anymore, and he was right as their kingdom vanished.
Some scholars limited themselves to the apparent verbal meaning of the Hadeeth and forbade the woman from any leading position even if she has suitable scientific qualifications or leading practical successes. Other scholars followed the Hanafy doctrine that this Hadeeth related to the highest leadership which is the presidency or the caliphate, but she can do other available jobs including judgeship which need her experience about the matters connected to women. Most modern scholars agree with this opinion, they verified this by the great successes Muslim woman achieved in all fields. Some scholars opened all leading jobs to her even presidency as in Pakistan and Bangladesh. There is not a leading position banned for a woman unless it is not suitable for her nature or her character, the prophet (Blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: (Women are men"s full sisters.)
Book_Questions_of_Non-Muslims


You are absolutly right, I agree with you.

In some resources, there are views and judgments that limit the duty of public affairs for women. However, those views and judgments do not originate from definite expressions of verses or hadiths; they are the conclusions that the scholars made taking into account the socio-cultural and economic conditions that they were experiencing. Beginning from the period of Hazrat Prophet, women started to work in private and public sectors as teachers, officials, doctors, nurses and municipal police officers. As a matter of fact, Hazrat Umar appointed Shifa b. Abdullah as a supervisor in the Madinah market. Almost all of the scholars agree on it.
As for the hadith, "Never will succeed such a nation as makes a woman their ruler", Hazrat Prophet informed people that the State of Sasanids, which was ruled by a woman, would fall after a short while. As a matter of fact, it fell after a short while. On the other hand, the fact that when Balqis, the Queen of Sheba, is mentioned in the Quran, no negative expressions are used and the fact that there were in the past and there are now strong states ruled by women but survived for a long time shows that the hadith of the Prophet regarding the issue does not contain a general judgment. Therefore, there is not a definite and binding verse or hadith that prohibits a woman from working for the public. Therefore, it is religiously permissible for a woman who has sufficient qualifications and abilities to work as an administrator including a president.