I do believe that government should have to face monetary penalties for gross miscarriages of justice in order to properly compensate the victims, however monetary penalties only go so far. No matter the amount, monetary compensation will never be enough to fully compensate a victim of governmental policy abuse for the trials and tribulations they were forced to endure.
Yes, the U.S. government should have to pay a fine for the erroneous threat that it made when a physicist was threatened with 80 years in prison for sharing U.S secrets with China. The government should have first checked to see if he had permission to share this information with China.
The government should have double checked the rules and talked to the physicist before jumping to conclusions and threatening him with jail time. They demonstrated poor judgment and acted far too impulsively. Their actions make it look like they don't know their own rules, don't communicate well internally, and aren't interested in fact-checking.
I feel that the government should have to face monetary penalties for gross miscarriages of justice in the case of the physicist who was threatened with imprisonment for sharing secrets that he was told he was allowed to disclose. The government's money is the people's money, but they need to be punished in order for this not to happen again.