One of the differences is that it's actually cheaper to keep people in prison than it is to keep children in school.
In America you can hardly call it "learning" anymore, it's just memorization. Thinking for yourself is barely able to make its way into the classroom. The only time that happens is when teachers decide to go against the curriculum to actually teach their students something (I've had a lot of personal experiences like this.) Not to mention that what they teach us isn't even accurate.
Lot's of things about Christopher Columbus are told that isn't actually true, and plenty of early American history is told inaccurately.
I even saw a news story where they were trying to change the AP U.S. curriculum to make it more pro-American (aka remove all the bad parts.)
Also in my school they've installed alarms on the doors so we can only exit through the front and one of the side entrances (is this much security necessary?)
I've even heard that prison food is more nutritious than school food.
Like a prison, schools heavily restrict student,s freedom ( uniforms, no phone policies, zero tolerance policies, no going to the bathroom during school time, police and security etc). Schools also teach student,s to shut up, do as their told and not complain. Just like a prison, school staff dont care about students. (they are just there for the money)
I like the picture you posted, but it only tells half the truth. You could make the argument that just about any job is comparable to prison using that list of criteria. Let's take, for example someone that works at Arby's:
Authoritarian Structure?: Absolutely
Dress Code?: Yes, a harsh one at that.
Emphasis on silence and order?: As much as there is at a prison.
Negative Reinforcement?: Almost everyday.
Walk in Lines?: Punching in and Punching out.
Loss of Individual Autonomy?: No texting on the clock! Put it away!
Abridged Freedoms?: Don't leave the building during your shift.
No input in decision making?: You are a minimum wage puppet. Do what you're told or there is a list of puppets ready to take your place.
Set times enforced for walking, eating, talking etc.: 15 min breaks every 3 hours, 30 minutes for lunch.
The list posted in that picture demonstrates one thing :Structure.
And yes, schools and prison happen to have that in common, as does any functioning system involving more than one person.
Here is a list of how schools DON'T compare to prisons.
1.) Children can return home at the end of the school day, to whatever lives they respectively have.
2.) Children are free to leave the school anytime, provided that their parental guardian authorizes it.
3.) Students can accessorize within the dress code, expressing their individuality.
4.) Students get to enroll in extracurricular activities that allow them to compete and travel, often times even during the school day.
5.) In high schools, students can even plan effectively to cut their senior school day in half by proactively completing courses.
6.) When a student leaves high school, they have an diploma which opens a myriad of potential opportunities to them, and they have skills and relationships vital to successfully integrating into society. When a convict leaves prison, they have an often un-erasable mark on their permanent record that significantly reduces their number of opportunities, and 40% of them will wind back up in prison within a year.
Have you even been to school? Some schools do not have a uniform policy, and do not enforce bathroom time rules though I have never heard of a school in America that does not allow going to the bathroom during school time (unless you mean class time). The point of school is to teach students skills and basic knowledge that they need to know whereas the only reason prison exists is to house and limit criminals freedom for being incapable. Other then the really strict policies, there is really no comparison to prison and even strict policies is not an attribute of prision and school. Some jobs have a strict policy, dress code, limited time in the bathroom, no phone policies, Does that mean that having a job is now the equivalent of being in prison?
While it was true that students were treated like inmates, that is no longer true for today's society. These days, kids are allowed to actually vote on what happens in school. Do the prisoners do that? No. Also, teachers actually care about students. When there is a serious injury, the injury is checked out. I doubt they do that in prison.