The Ten Commandments, most of them, are pretty universal in nature. Don't kill, don't commit adultery, don't steal, don't lie, honor your parents, don't envy other people's possessions, rest one day of the week, don't curse. All of these are basic tenets that most moral people would have no problem upholding. Those who do not believe in God would have problems with the "no other gods before me" but even they shouldn't have problems with most of the others of the ten.
Most of the ten commandments are good moral compasses to live by no matter your religion. There are a few that do not make sense for some religions including worshiping idols. Most of the commandments though are things that most people should be striving to live by, not just Christians.
Because Christian don't follow the ten commandments. We should admit that god never gives us the freedom to follow the commandments we like and neglect the rest. Nor does god tell us that we can relax the penalties he has imposed for breaking them, which is death. This is why Christians follow there own morals and not there god's. If you look at the ten commandments the first four are not about morals, but more about god's ego. The next five, most moral people follow without the help of the bible, the last one is a punishment for what you think. The Jains do better with one commandment "do not injure, abuse, oppress, enslave, insult, torment, torture or kill any creature or living being". We can all be good without god.
There is a lot of good things in the 10 commandments, but if you needed that list of 10 to teach you how to be moral, I think you may want to consider a psychological evaluation. Those things are intrinsic. And the list is too short with a few ridiculous rules.
Yes, the Ten Commandments are a good moral compass no matter your religion. While they may not be practiced by every follower of the Ten Commandments, they suggest good behavior for living in unison with others. However, if one is looking for moral guidance with any religion, one might want to look past the Ten Commandments and see what the other options are.
It is objective, simple, short, sweet, to the point, and any rational person will know it already.
"Treat others the way you want to be treated."
"Do onto others"
"Love thy neighbor"
This message is echoed in all religions, and even evolution demands it. Modern science agrees there is no superior race of humans, and we really are one big family. It is estimated that everyone is at least a 50th cousin, because of all the interbreeding throughout history. I am no better than you, and you are no better than me.
1: "Thou shalt not have any other gods but me."
How is this even a moral guideline? This is just the pedantic ranting of an egotistical deity with a bit too much of metaphorical adrenaline in his blood.
2. "Thou shalt not make any graven images."
Now what on Earth is this as a moral guideline? It is a waste of space that could have been used to protest in ancient society against slavery, child abuse, or rape.
3. "Thou shalt remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy."
But thou shalt also remember that sloth has its own tier in Hell.
4. "Thou shalt not take the Lord's name in vain."
Define vain. I mean, really, is it vain to say, "Praise Jesus!" while burning a mosque? Or perhaps they are referencing the vain concept of speaking directly to the Lord and not through Jesus, albeit they be the same person. Moreover, how is this a moral instruction?
5. "Thou shalt honor thine mother and thine father."
Even if they're abusive. As a matter of fact, this is positively verified when it is stated that parents may kill their children--neigh, inherently must--if their children curse their name for the relatively minor offenses, you know, not sparing the rod.
6. "Thou shalt not kill."
Finally, a decent moral commandment! However, this one was generally disregarded by God and his followers throughout the Bible.
7. "Thou shalt not commit adultery."
This is also a good moral commandment, but in no way as major as "thou shalt not rape" or "thou shalt not own peoples."
8. "Thou shalt not steal."
A furthermore good, moral commandment. Besides "Thou shalt not kill" and "Thou shalt not bear false witness," this commandment is perhaps the only moral commandment.
9. "Thou shalt not bear false witness."
The last moral commandment, it cannot be emphasized enough that this commandment's breach is unavoidable. It is for that precise reason that science does not regard eye witness testimony as valid.
10. "Thou shalt not covet the ass, nor the ox, nor the wife, of thine neighbor."
Simply, thought policing is never more, and equating women to beasts of burden while still maintaining men are superior creators is an intellectual failing.