Why do we bury our dead with a ritual? Because we believe that there is an after life? Because we believe that his soul will actually feel emotions in the next life? If that is the case, then everything that we do here is a reflection of what we believe will happen after we are gone. If you are good then your after life is good. If you are bad then your after life will be bad. Ask anyone who believes in any form of God, and you will find the same sentiment. If they actually believe that, then everything that they do in the "real" world is driven by will. We go to work because we believe that we will receive credits to purchase goods to survive. We commit crimes because we believe that it has credit value which then again will be used to survive. We pray because there is a need in our life that will be fulfilled by feeling good. Physical things are not only things that we can touch, but also things that we can feel. Anger, Hate, Love are all things that our physical body feels and there for, are real. Free will drives all of these, because we are constantly seeking what feels good. You create a symphony not because it's cool, but because it feels good. That is the power of free will, doing things that make you feel good, and in that sense, also, things that make you feel bad. Why bad? Because you are ultimately looking for something that feels good. You don't do your work because you are lazy, that is bad, but it feels good to be lazy. Free will is the act of doing something that feels good, and Endorphins is the Physical incarnation of that emotion in our body. Endorphins is released in the body which supresses pain, and there for makes you feel good. So yes Free Will is directly involved in Physicalism.
Physicalism holds that everything that exists only consists of its physical properties. What does "physical" mean? Could not the self also be a physical thing with physical properties and hence results? If something results from the self then one may say that it was willed from the self and so the self has will. Is the will free? If anything culminating in the results originates in the self then it is free. And since random fluctuations are confirmed in physics some percentage of influence over the results of the self will result from a chain of causality originating in the self if we allow that random fluctuations can count as being part of the "self". And if a random fluctuation occurs in the brain, and arguably in the rest of the body particularly in the gut where microbiota influences the brain from, then it's easy to argue that those fluctuations should be considered part of the self.
Im not familiar with the term physicalism, but I think I understand the concept.
I think free will exists in the way that we can choose from information provided to/for us. The brain collects information and calculate is, and then we have the power to choose what we want to focus on. Thereby leading us where we want, our will is therefore also our destiny.
We cant know the physical reality, since we cant see it, but we can imagine it in our own minds. I think we are only connected to the outside reality, but we ourselves are separate.
Making our free will very clear and real for that matter. I think we can choose what to believe from the "real" world, the outside reality, but it doesn't affect us in the matter we might think.
The bridge between the two philosophies isn't actually that much of a stretch; indeed, it follows basic human intuition.
Free-will is the product of a unique set of equations/chains of causation that give rise to the human brain.
Proven theories, such as Quantam Entanglement, explain how one particle can control the properties of another. If this can happen, then there is no reason we cannot manipulate the physical reaction of our minds.
If one accepts physicalism, I would argue free will cannot be a part of that theory. The reason I believe this is because if physicalism is true, then events are said to follow without exception from prior events. This leaves no room for changes in the course of history. Changes in the course of history can only be brought about by choice. If history can only follow one course there is no room for change and hence no choice. If these premises are true, then physicalism ensures events follow in a set order, leaving no room for change of outcome, choice, or free will.
According to physicalism, a human being is merely a physical entity. The only things that exist are physical substances, properties, and events. When it comes to humans, the physical substance is the material body, especially the parts called the brain and central nervous system. The physical substance called the brain has physical properties, such as a certain weight, volume, size, electrical activity, chemical composition, and so forth.
When we use the term free will, we mean what is called libertarian freedom: Given choices A and B, I can literally choose to do either one. No circumstances exist that are sufficient to determine my choice. My choice is up to me, and if I do A or B, I could have done otherwise. I act as an agent who is the ultimate originator of my own actions.
If physicalism is true, then human free will does not exist. Instead, determinism is true. If I am just a physical system, there is nothing in me that has the capacity to freely choose to do something. Material systems, at least large-scale ones, change over time in deterministic fashion according to the initial conditions of the system and the laws of chemistry and physics. A pot of water will reach a certain temperature at a given time in a way determined by the amount of water, the input of heat, and the laws of heat transfer.
Now, when it comes to morality, it is hard to make sense of moral obligation and responsibility if determinism is true. They seem to presuppose freedom of the will. If I “ought” to do something, it seems to be necessary to suppose that I can do it. No one would say that I ought to jump to the top of a fifty-floor building and save a baby, or that I ought to stop the American Civil War, because I do not have the ability to do either. If physicalism is true, I do not have any genuine ability to choose my actions.
It is safe to say that physicalism requires a radical revision of our commonsense notions of freedom, moral obligation, responsibility, and punishment. On the other hand, if these commonsense notions are true, physicalism is false.
If everything is purely a physical process then there are no choices just physical constants in the brain that mean when X happens, the person will respond a way pre-determined by the physical state of their brain.
There can be the appearance of choice, but there is none, IF materialism/physicalism is true.
Your brain is in state A. You see event B. Your brain reacts and changes to state C. Every single time you are in state A, and you see B, you will end up at C. The only things that are truly random chance happen on the quantum level and don't affect our world.