I think of course it can explain consciousness. Because neural science explians all the feelings we have like, happy, anger, exicting, ect., and it also explain about emotions, compassions, cognitions, and memories. It can explain thoses through examine Brian and neural signals. Now days, neural science is growing like a baby. Babies become adult as soon as, likewise, as neural science is enough grow, it can explain every consciousnesses.
I think that science is a very powerful thing. As such, I am also of the belief that science, given enough time, can really explain pretty much everything that there is out there in the world. Because of this, I think science can explain what exactly consciousness is and how it affects us.
Science can explain consciousness it is part brain chemistry, part psychology, and part psychiatry. Sure, scientists haven't figured everything out yet, but the will over the next hundred years. The evolution of science is speeding up at nearly light speed, which means there will be some amazing things on the horizon soon.
Yes, I believe that science is getting closer to explaining consciousness. It has been such a hard task because consciousness is such a subjective experience and science primarily searches for objectivity. It has been a philosophical debate for a long time, and pseudo-scientific thought-groups have long heralded a merging between spirituality and physics as the answer, wherein metaphysics describes consciousness as the driving force behind the universe. There are certain physics involved in the chemistry of the brain and how it relates to thoughts and environments which explain why and how consciousness exists and what its purpose is. Ultimately, scientists are discovering newer and newer theories based on these concepts of synergy and will soon likely find a sound scientific theory to explain consciousness.
Neuroscience has come a long way in understanding how the brain works, and which areas of the brain handle what. There's still a lot of ground to cover when it comes to understanding the human consciousness, but science is the best system for understanding natural phenomenon. We've just got more ways to go.
Consciousness has existed probably since the start of our universe. If science can explain how our Universe came into existance for sure then they might be able to explain how Consciousness came to be. Sure science can explain the functions of the brain and how consciousness may flow through it but I don't think they could ever explain how it came into existance and how it's different for everyone.
Consciousness is a phenomenon we all experience independently of each other. There are currently 8 billion different conscious states in the world right now, all just as complex as say, The human genome? There is not enough in the life span of a single conscious being to figure it all out, and even if so, it would not apply to all of humanity. Consciousness is the ability to think, feel and be aware. Science will never be able to unfold the complexities of consciousness only because the question they're angling for: "what is consciousness?" cannot be answered by numbers and electronic impulses. It is and should forever remain, a mystery.
If it can, where would they start? Do you think some part of your brain will be discovered that gives rise to consciousness? Hypothetically let's say you discover some neuron gives rise to consciousness, what does that mean? If consciousness is material, then you should be able to hold your own consciousness or other people's consciousness, if it is non material, then you got even a bigger problem. Last but not least, why does consciousness exist? Listen, I want to know consciousness more than anybody alive, probably however, Be realistic. I know what you are thinking in your head, physics, electronic gadgets, computers, biology, medicine, We can discover the consciousness the same way. Well, you need to think back. IT WILL NEVER HAPPEN, PERIOD.
Waves explain the functioning universe more elegantly than neurons. Rocks, plants, televisions, they all exist in the material dimension. But what about the television programming? This is waves broadcast in a non-material dimension. Time as well does not exist materially. Nor does consciousness. However, science can applied consciousnessly, like Buddhism.
It seems to me that consciousness will forever have competing theories, none of which will be proven. The problem at it's core is that the question is philosophical. Since we seek to determine it's creation and functionality through the lens of consciousness itself, there will always be a lack of control in the measurement of consciousness. Additionally, there's a metaphysical aspect to every theory even if it's vehemently denied from one side of the isle to the other.
That's like asking if Science can prove/disprove the existence of God.
Science is an observational exercise. How does one observe consciousness? Sure, they can poke and prod, but they have no way to actually isolate consciousness to reverse engineer it in a way that might unlock it's origin. Right now they work off the assumption that the brain is responsible for consciousness when, in reality, it could be that the brain is nothing more than a conduit for consciousness, and not responsible at all.
Maybe the mythical A.I. Of the singularity will change that, but that's a whole nother bag of hammers.
The question is 'Can science explain consciousness, not 'Will science explain consciousness at some stage in the future' You have to believe the latter as an act of blind faith, the same as believing in the existence of God. Why not ask a different question -'What reason do we have to believe that Science is actually capable of explaining Consciousness'
The mere fact that consciousness is required to think or imagine a scientific explanation of consciousness will forever create a conflict of explaining it. Scientific experiments prove that observing an experiment of particles vs. Waves effects the outcome of the experiment. If observed, the wave becomes a particle because our consciousness can only understand particles and not a duality that exists with waves. So we cannot be objective when it comes to observation and therefore cannot explain the science of our perceivable world and ultimately our consciousness. I contend that consciousness is not explainable because it is not directly attached to the human brain but rather is connected via a multiversal, multi-dimentional world that we humans cannot explain. I furthermore content that consciousness exists before and after human life forever and that we are all fortunate benefactors of having experienced it for the time we acknowledge on this particular period of space/time that we can understand in this world. Our consciousness will "live" on and we will understand everything about it when we pass on to the next dimensional world, all created by God.
Science can do a lot to help us understand that brain and how it functions. The brain is so unbelievably complex I don't think we will ever fully understand it, let alone how human consciousness works. Will we ever be able to tell why humans think at such a high level why others don't? I don't know.