Over the years, the Congress has continued to extend the sunshine provisions of the VRA while maintaining the relevance of section 4. Additionally, the government claims that numerous forms of "second-generation" barriers to voting rights, including numerous forms of "vote dilution" are concentrated in the same states already isolated by the original coverage formula.
Shelby County challenged these justifications.“Coverage today is based on decades-old data and eradicated practices. The formula captures States by reference to literacy tests and low voter registration and turnout in the 1960s and early 1970s. But such tests have been banned nationwide for over 40 years. Black voter registration and turnout numbers in the covered States have risen dramatically in the years since. There is no longer such a disparity. Today the Nation is no longer divided along those lines, yet the Voting Rights Act continues to treat it as if it were.”
Therefore the problem was that it didn't cover everyone. It only was covering black voter turnout. The problem with his formula is that it didn't cover Hispanics per say. So yes the fifteenth amendment was being broken because all citizens should be allowed to vote.
Section 4 of the Voting Rights Act does not violate the Constitution, but helps furthermore explain the Constitution. The fifteenth amendment states that voting rights will not be based on race or color. The United States of America has exposed to discrimination for several centuries. This has been even more pronounced in the south. Although the Abraham Lincoln Emancipation was stepped in the right direction, it did not guarantee the true freedom, justice, and liberty for all, particularly in the colored people mainly in the south. The Voting Rights Act recognized the prejudice deep discrimination in the south. It also created Section 4 of the Voting Rights Act. To strike out Section 4 completely exposes people of color to restart discrimination practices all over the U.S. particularly the south. While this may not be true that the Information drafted in Section 4 of the Voting Rights Act, without supporting evidence or study that proves without reasonable doubt that discrimination practices in the south. The congress should not have been allowed to remove Section 4 of the Voting Rights Act. For instance, when Rosanell Eaton was 21 years old and living in segregated North Carolina, she became one of the first African Americans in her county registered to vote, after successfully completing a literacy test that required her to recite the preamble to the Constitution. But now, at 92 years old, she faces new obstacles under the voter suppression law signed by Gov. Pat McCrory (R) Monday. This law may put more people like her in the predicament she is facing.