I recently read an article describing how it will take another century, or so, for female executives to catch up in the "wage war". If that is the case, imagine how it is for lower-income women. I will be honest, having two X chromosomes means that I have to work ten times harder than the guy next to me. Not only is the work done by females devalued, but it is underpaid.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, women are still paid 75.5 cents for every dollar a man makes for doing the same job. While equal pay is required by law, many women are unaware that they are underpaid because company policy prohibits them from inquiring what their male co-workers receive for similar work.
Although we have come a long way baby, women still make less on average for the same job then men. This has been shown in surveys, studies and polls regarding job duties, titles and years on the job to location and compared to men in the same circumstances. Because at most jobs, keeping salary and pay secret is the policy; it is not as well known because it would cause distension but when people are asked outside of the work environment the truth comes out.
Women only make 75 cents on the dollar, compared to their male co-workers. Women are the most oppressed and discriminated group of people on this planet. However, without unity this is not going to change. Women should elect female leaders when they have the chance. I believe having more women in government will help to change this circumstance.
The workforce is now almost 50/50 between men and women, but men still get paid more than women. This isn't opinion; this is fact. Men still get offered more at the start of the job. They receive promotions sooner than women, and they get pay raises more often. There's not going to be true equality until men and women get the same pay for the same job, dollar to dollar.
Know the facts.
Women's industries are still valued less than men's industries across the board.
And before those deniers jump up and down, yes, there ARE specific examples where women have been paid less than men - for doing the same job!
Society still values women less than men. Period.
We should ask ourselves - why?
There are so many biases about women in the workplace: mothers won't work as hard because the have to take care of their children, men are better at leadership positions, the list goes on. The biases hold women back from not only making as much as their male co workers but from high level positions (such as CEO) as well. And how are there 'feminine' jobs? What makes a job feminine? There are stay at home dads, male receptionists, and male nurses. There shouldn't be a line of masculine and feminine in careers. Women can be engineers, men can be nurses. Anyone can be anything and to say a job is 'feminine' is just obsurd.
The underlying debate here deosn't seem to be whether it exists, but if it is morally defensible. The answer to the actual question is yes, there are wage disparities in many walks of life between men and women, and yes, often it is the men that are on the upper half of this, but that is not necessarily because of some radical sexist attack on women. In modern America, consumerism rules most of the populus, and one of the biggest things that America's consumers enjoy today, just as an example, is sports. Male athletes make millions of dollars a year, but female athletes make considerably less. The plain and simple reason: testosterone. This body chemical was developed by the male gender because they were dominant for most of human history, and greatly enhances muscle growth and developement. Women athletes just cannot compete with this. This year at the Olympics, a transgender athlete was disqualified because "she" was actually born a "he". This was considered an unfair advantage. The disparity is not because of some political male dominance rant, but because males just evolved as the stronger, more competitive gender. While many females can, in fact, do better than males in many fields, but the larger portion of males end up with an advantage. It may be unfair, but that's nobody's fault but Mother Nature.
There are a lot of statistics for this debate and it is very clear that there is still a wage disparity between men and women. Furthermore, there is a wage disparity that also exists between types of jobs which men and women hold. In jobs that are considered "feminine", men in those professions make a considerable amount more than their female counterparts.
I have seen, first-hand, how wage disparity does exist. It is getting better, but there still is a gap, and quite a large one. Women must fight harder to get jobs that pay as much as a man in their field and, often, run into other issues, such as trying to balance family and work life. I've had countless numbers of professional friends who have found out, in one way or another, that they were underbid, especially in the field of engineering.
Compensation data consistently shows that men in the U.S. continue to earn more than do women, in the same positions. Some of the gap may reflect biological realities, such as the fact that only women bear children, and individual family decisions about which spouse bears the greater burden for child care and upkeep of the home, but workplace-based biases remain. For example, jobs that have long been dominated by males pay more than do jobs that are traditionally female, but which require similar levels of education, skill, effort, and risk.
Most upper level jobs in corporations are paying men on average about 3,000 dollars more a year than female executives. The same can be said in lower level jobs. Men get more opportunities to advance and women have to work harder for longer periods of time to even be considered. The pay raises are also lower for the women than the men.
There is a current class-action suit against Wal-Mart for their glaring examples of wage disparity and other cases of blatant sexism. Sexism and racism are like cockroaches in that if it is found in one place, you can rest assured that there are many many others all over the place that are as of yet, unseen.
Excuses made by employers for this include the fact that woman are perceived as being child-bearers and responsible for far more than men beyond their careers, and are therefore less productive. The current figure is that women on average make only 80% of males in the same position.
A woman still only makes .76 cents to a man's dollar and there is no arguing this point. Even in Hollywood where you would think the playing field would be more even, actresses make far less than actors at the top of their game. A woman's worth is still below a man's because women are "the weaker sex." Really? Well I'd like to see a man push something the size of a watermelon out of an orifice the size of a banana and then we'll see who is weaker!
Even though it's no longer the case, men often expect that women will want to stay home with their young children. Because of this expectation, women are passed over for promotions. People who do hiring and advancement in jobs do not want to have to go through the new hire hassle if a woman quits to stay home with her child.
Although wage disparity has decreased over the past few decades, recent research reveals it still exists. Women today make approximately 76% of what men in comparable positions make. Woman's salaries have been slowly increasing, but this new data shows we have a way to go before we catch up completely. As more of the older generation exit the work force and the younger, more open minded take over, things will move quicker in ending wage disparity.
Although the wage disparity has lessened since the 1960s, it is still a factor for women. Sometimes this is attributed to the fact that women may leave the workforce to have children, and then return having lost those years of improved salary. Even without this factor, women make between 88-95% of men. Part of this seems to stem from the societal views that women can't perform certain jobs as well as men. No matter what people try to say, these stereotypes persist today, creating a disparity in wages between men and women.
I know many men with less education than their wives that make more money than their educated spouse. I do think though that the gap is closing and the money gap may have been because of the jobs women have been doing. In the current economic situation however, many women are going back to work and in some cases may be earning more. I don't think the gap is as wide as it used to be but it is still there.
Disparity of wage between men and women is no more as common and presumed as it used to be earlier. People have come to respect and compensate individuals based on their talent, abilities and merit irrespective of gender. We can see top corporate positions being held by women who draw handsome compensations packages. We can see men with female bosses, but these are limited to corporate world. Outside the corporate where there is unskilled and manual labor (especially in developing and under-developed countries), gender still has a say in wages. A male daily wage earner working in a mill in India is expected to earn more than a woman doing the same work. So, though there is gender equality in the upper echelons of the corporate culture, it has not yet percolated to the bottom rungs of many economies.
People just accept this meme as truth without examining the actual factors. If you strip away the factors (hours, risk, commute, absence of leisure time, etc.), you will find that technically it is WOMEN who make more money! We are a very emotional society, so sometimes we just hear what we want to hear without giving it any critical thought or examination.
Before beginning I must clarify that I interpret this resolution to ask whether there an income gap between men and women which favors men; the answer is no. The most widely cite statistic on the matter from the Obama Administration has shown to be false time and time again. Furthermore affirmative action has actually harmed men by penalizing them for being, well, men.
On the surface it appears there is a disparity. This disparity can be explained through a variety of perspectives. The notable of which says that women are paid less for equal jobs. This is not factual. The top earners all earn equivalent pay for their postion with regard to specific corporations. The younger people employed in entry level positions all fall into bracketed pay scales, as well as middle income earners. Employers are looking for qualified workers not men or women specifically. The exceptions being when a sexual sales tactic is employed or a gender biased task is required. (i.e. Heavy lifting/male, retail fashion sales/women. This position generally favors women. So how do we then explain the difference? The numbers describe a totality of time to compensation. Over a lifetime of employment with all things being equal (education, age, location, health, market variances, and so on) women fair as well as men. You can see illustration of the same discrepancy within a given demographic for both men and women by simply manipulating any of the before mentioned circumstances. Let's move locations and draw a comparison of teachers from Nebraska against those from Florida. In F.Y. 2010-11 the teachers in Nebraska averaged 47,368.00 per year where as the teachers in Florida received in the same year 45,723.00. If both worked a thirty year career using the averages for each year of service and without changing any other circumstances ( both had the same education,health standard, and same market variances while accumulating the identical total of hours worked) there would be a 49,350.00 difference in total income without regard to gender or race. Therefore, the conclusion must be made that it is the disparity of circumstances that best explains a difference in earning potential. Have you ever seen an ad for employment that states for all male applicants the compensation is X and for women the compensation is Y? There are laws to prevent this behaviour and if a provable violation occurs then compensation can be awarded.
We live in an age in the developed world where people can really decide which way they want their life to go, however society and social attitudes influence peoples decisions by expecting them to follow certain paths like how women are encouraged to go for nursing, childcare, telephone helplines, cleaning, secretary, local work while men are mainly push to do stuff like construction, factory, offshore oil work, military, engineering, careers that are very dangerous to the risk of losing their lives and spending long duration of time away from home. Jobs that have a high risk of fatalities are usually the ones that offer the most money, which tend to be the jobs that men mainly choose. It's not as if women are not given these opportunities because I have seen women in the construction industry, it's because they choose not to and because social ideologies tell them it's not the thing to do. More women would get paid on the same level of men if their career choices were the same as men. It is important to note that with careers like the armed forces and fire fighting that these jobs require a level of physical ability that most women can't achieve on par with most men and lose out on those jobs because the higher risk of putting their work colleagues lives at risk.
In most cases, women in high powered jobs choose to leave work to have a family which is why men get paid more due to them committing more and are more flexible to the company which makes them more valuable. If more women can commit their lives to a company rather than a family life, then their wages will be equal to men. High power companies don't discriminate wages against women because they are women, it's because high power companies are anti family. There is also the fact that ratio of women vs men in executive jobs is 29:71. A larger proportion of men are in these jobs and therefore show men getting paid more due to the higher volume of highly skilful men compared to the volume of highly skilled women. More men probably apply for executive jobs more than women which is why you see more men but this info is not looked into so we don't know what the application ratio is.
Wage discrimination is not exclusive between a man and a woman it also happens in male and female only environments. I have been paid more money than a same sex work colleague at the same company who has been working more years than me doing the same job and this is widespread across many companies. Charts documenting wage discrimination between the sexes don't record this discrimination which not only makes the argument week between men and women's wages, but makes them invalid.
There was a time were women did get lower pay than men but that is gone now in the developed world. Wage disparity reports between men and women only focuses on a very small area instead of looking at the whole picture. Either that or they choose to believe that discrimination is the only reason for it.
Women choose jobs that are safer, more flexible, and give them options to still have the time to nurture their families. Men are less inclined to make those decisions. So a woman's priorities regarding working outside the home is the basis; not the name on the application that determines pay.
I think women have an equal chance of rising in the working market as men do, because the prejudices have been overcome in the modern world, and everyone needs to prove their skills to keep a job and get a good salary. The parameters to define a salary are based on education, previous experiences in other jobs, and social capabilities.
In the metropolitan cities and states the wage disparity does not exist. Most salaried individuals today are paid based on their qualification and experience and not their sex.
It is only the lower labor class where the disparity still exists as not all men jobs can be done by the women.