Whether you are in favor of religion or not, you have to admit that there are many outdated ideas in them.
I'll use Christianity as an example, since so many people believe it and cherry pick from it.
Mentions of Slavery- During the pre-civil war area, people used the bible as a method to justify slavery. They weren't "interpreting" the passages either, there are rules and regulations for slavery in the bible. It allows a man to sell his daughter into slavery if he wanted, and that if you beat your slave it is fine as long as you don't kill him/her.
Justifying Bigotry- Many people debate whether or not homosexuality is not allowed according to the bible, but I personally think it is clear. "You shall not lie with a male as with a woman; it is an abomination." (Leviticus 18:22) "
"God gave them up to dishonorable passions. For their women exchanged natural relations for those that are contrary to nature; 27 and the men likewise gave up natural relations with women and were consumed with passion for one another, men committing shameless acts with men and receiving in themselves the due penalty for their error." (Romans 1:26-27)
These passages only act as an excuse for people to preach on the streets and shame any gay people that pass by.
Sexism- "Let a woman learn in silence with all submissiveness. I permit no woman to teach or to have authority over men; she is to keep silent." (1 Timothy chpt. 2)
"Wives, submit to your husbands as to the Lord. For the husband is the head of the wife as Christ is the head of the church, his body, of which he is the Savior. Now as the church submits to Christ, so also wives should submit to their husbands in everything." (Ephesians 5:22-24)
Need I say more?
To list a few off the top of my head: homophobia, religious intolerance, antisocial behavior, discrimination on all levels, WBC, many wars, even murder. The list goes on. For everyone who thinks otherwise what caused the deaths of the children who died from a lack of medicine, or the homeless minors who have been disowned by their own parents simply for having a functioning brain capable of thinking for themselves, or the people who have been ostracized by society simply for being secular? Think hard about that. What could have caused this?
Of course religion prevents the development of society. The best example is an whole age, the Middle Ages that is. The Middle Ages is the reigning time of Christianity; it is also one of the worst ages in all history. Wars, murders, holocausts, basically. Plus, anyone who wanted to get instructed, to learn, was almost shunned. It was a disgrace to learn. Without learning, how can society develop?
So yes, religion does prevent the development of society.
I don't see social development being hindered right now, but it has happened before in the past. For example, the common idea that men were "better" than women has been around for centuries. Religion was the main source of the problem. Their reasoning for that was flawed, yet people had to live with that idea and not question it. Even today, gender inequality is present in many third-world countries. I put most of the blame on religion for creating problems like these in the first place.
There are many different religions. There are many extremists in every religion. And there are those of us who are both religious as well as realistic about the societies improvements. Saying that religion is the cause of every war, murders, and especially the holocaust is an extreme misstatement. This is simply not true. Wars are not only started from religion, which I am not saying doesn't happen, but for other reasons such as land disputes, financial control, manpower, etc.
Saying that religion prevents people from learning is also untrue. Buddhists, for example, take information from science and believe it as well. There are Christians that believe in science as well, and sometimes apply it to the bible. For example, just because you believe in God does not mean you can't believe in evolution. Who is to say that god did not come by a series of materials and then place them together to create earth which created organisms. At that point, who is to say that God did not give these organisms the nudges using nature so that they evolve in the best way possible?
How does any of this thinking negatively affect the development of society? I do not believe it does.
What does, however, are extreme people. People can be extreme with religious beliefs, with power, greed, or anything. Hitler, was extreme with a want for control, not religion. Could he use religion to make people fight for him? Sure. But he could also use money, prejudice, etc to control the minds of those who believe anything.