Yes, the Christian church owe a debt of gratitude to the teachings of minds such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. They helped define the church as it currently is even if not directly. Many people like to under play how important these great minds were on the world and the significant they played in all forms in life. Science and philosophy were at times contradictory to what the church believed, but because of them they altered and changed.
If you look at it from a religious perspective, God created the universe and it had nothing to do with figure such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Did they give a great look into the world? Yes, they had great minds,but when it comes to the religious aspects they brought nothing to the table. Its a different aspect entirely,but they served a major purpose in cultural society..
No, they do not owe a lot to these men, because these men did a lot for science, and the advancement of science. The Christian church goes against the different findings of science, so they did not get a lot from it. It is a creationism versus evolution thing between them.
No, the Christian church does not owe a significant debt of gratitude to the teachings of secular minds such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, because it is God who inspired Christianity and the Bible. To conclude that the Bible is inspired by secular minds is to reject what the Bible is, and that is the inspired work of Christ.
The teachings of Christ were original for his time. I do not believe that the majority of ideas he presented were present before he started teaching them to his followers. The foundations for his beliefs and way of thinking come from a monotheistic religion. The foundation of Greek philosophers and their way of thinking comes from a society that believed in a polytheistic religion. I think this is why the two differ and are completely separate teachings.