The U.S. government, since 9/11 and the Patriot Act, has become increasingly a secret police state, with the government spying at will on ordinary citizens, with business' collusion. In addition to information available through email and phones, there are cameras at many intersections and on the streets of most cities, not to mention inside of stores, banks, and government buildings. We are making it easy for our government to spy on us, and it's only a short step to further limits and controls. We have only ourselves to blame, and we need to wake up to the ways we have lost our freedom to be private before it's too late.
The author of the trilogy also suggests in many interviews that the books were a comment on the government at the time. It describes the vast differences between the rich and the poor and what could happen if we continue on this path and the ultimate uprising that may happen as a result.
1) The "Capitol" in "The Hunger Games" (both in the books and in the movies as of this date) is basically a extravagant, self-spoiling, corrupt government. Anyone remember President Obama's bills (i.E., his million-dollar vacation in Hawaii, I believe, and the tab he had to pay at that foreign restaurant, this past year or so) in the years he has been President?
2) The mainstream media. Need I explain any further?
1) AS OF YET, our government has not yet begun or has shown any intentions of creating, carrying out, and continuing a "Hunger Games."
2) America, typically, would revolt before 1) ever happens.
3) Even though we have characteristics of the Capitol, we are not quite there just yet.
The Hunger Games trilogy itself could actually be interpreted as a commentary on the race of humanity. Although the trilogy is dystopian science fiction, like most, if not all, science fiction, it presents us with a question. The Hunger Games asks us many questions. Here is a list of possible questions:
1. "How far would you go to have 'convenience?'" (Capitol)
2. "What is the nature of 'good' and 'evil'?" (Katniss's story seen through her eyes vs. Katniss's story seen through President Snow's/Capitol's viewpoint)
3. What are the boundaries of "government?"
I think that comparing the Hunger Games to the United States government is quite a stretch. I don't see any immediately similar themes - Last time I checked, each state is not obliged to offer up two of its youth in a televised battle to the death. Is it possible that the government has elements of corruption? Yes. But there are far better literary parallels to that idea than the Hunger Games.
No, the Hunger Games is not a commentary on the United States government, because the Hunger Games is only a commentary on oppressive governments in general. The Hunger Games doesn't ever make a connection that the government they are commentating on is the United States government. It is more generic than that.