Many parts of the United States have been hit with extreme weather conditions over the past several years: droughts, floods and super-storm hurricanes. The United States should develop a super-computer that can forecast the likelihood of extreme weather events in the future. That way the country could better prepare for natural disasters and extreme drought conditions. Better preparation for extreme weather means that the future of the country will be more stable too.
America does not need tow waste money coming up with something that will predict extreme weather any more in advance than we already have in place. In most cases of extreme weather people have days, if not weeks, to prepare and that is adequate time to prepare. There are better things our money on than something we already have a plan in place for.
Technology has given us a myriad of weather apps which can be useful in planning future events. I say "can," because they aren't always right. It's nice to use these apps as a guide, but we shouldn't become too dependent on them. Scientists might even argue that long-term it would be hard to predict weather long-term because of other variable affecting weather patterns - specifically global warming. Scientists have said that because of global warming the earth is likely to see a surge of storms in the future and more polarities of weather patterns. Rather, than bettering our abilities to predict weather, perhaps we should look at ways we can improve our environment.... and make sure the majority of stakeholders and nations are on board.
I do not think the United States needs to develop this technology because i already think that is happening in the private sector. Artificial Intelligence such as IBM's Watson is being used for many areas of study including weather and weather patterns. If these private companies are successful thy will win government contracts.