India is a multi castes society , so each section needs to have a say in the decision making process and the parties help them to do so, moreover it offers a greater as well as better choice to people among the candidates , the multi party system satisfies the goal of democracy of "people being able to influence the decisions that influence the people " . Although the competition for power is huge and aggressive , the parties need to take care of the emotions of people , to get elected and to be elected by satisfying the people
In general a multi-party political system insures that there will never be a single majority making every single decision, thus making it harder for them to get whatever their wishes are easily. This means that wide scale government corruption has a harder time occurring at the top at the cost of it taking longer to do anything.
India is a federation and a parliamentary democracy at the same time. A parliamentary democracy essentially functions best when there are two political parties who support two different ideologies as seen in Britain.
In India right now there are scores of regional political parties and these parties differ from each other not on ideological basis but on the basis of who their leader is. All these parties basically stand for the same thing yet they fight the elections under different symbols. While all is fine during the state elections, the main problem arises during the General Elections for the National or Union Legislature. Until recently coalition governments were in power and these governments were not strong enough to take those decisions that were best for the country because the majority party in the coalition had to appease the leaders of all other parties. Then in 2014 BJP came to power with absolute majority and now there is no opposition in the Parliament. Absence of a strong opposition in a Parliamentary democracy renders the democracy useless to a great extent because the opposing voices are never heard and the government takes decisions without caring about the general public consensus because they are very aware of the fact that they can never be challenged in the number game of the legislature. The democratic government fails to do the very thing that it was elected for i.E to provide a government for the people by the people. Constructive criticism by a strong opposition is absolutely essential for parliamentary democracy to thrive. Lack of opposition and absence of proper criticism due to absence of an opposition hurts the very core of Democracy.
While I know India is a huge country, India needs parties that actually have political ideologies. The multi party system has led to the growth of one man political parties that run on the directions of a single individual. This has increased the hero worshiping tendencies of the Indian people who are mostly illiterate and are easily swayed by the charisma and family background of an individual rather than his or her political credentials and policies. This is actually hurting Indian Democracy as there is an increasing love and support for one particular individual based on his or her charisma and oratory skills. It does not take much time for Dictators to raise their heads in such situations. We have already seen how the Chief Ministers of different states and even the Prime Minister are trying to suppress voices of dissent and propagate false truth banking on their image and oratory to the huge illiterate mass. If two different ideologies are clearly spelled out to the public it will lead to greater political awareness, proper utilization of the universal adult suffrage and a strong opposition. Indian Democracy will be allowed to operate in a much better way with two opposing parties rather than a horde of parties with no political ideology and objective.
Since every party wants to come to power so they would try to increase their foothold at each and every decision making event. The opposition will always tend to oppose any decision that the ruling party makes good or bad just to have an edge in the upcoming elections by showcasing that the ruling party hasnt done any good in its tenure.Multipary system can be good for countries where development parameters are already very high.But in India we cannot afford to have this.If development has to happen then infrastructure has to be created and this would require all sorts of decision that wud require certain people to lose such as incase of and acquisitions for making roads. Here is the problem , opposition will allign with these people and hinder development pace....So clearly we cannot afford to hear each and every voice.Clearly China that doesnot have to care about peoples opinion and has an effective single party can and has advanced a long way
Really? Ours doesn't work at all. Why would someone want to institute that nightmare in another country? I have never seen any supporting evidence that a polarized governmental system like ours has ever resulted in any beneficial outcomes. If someone can qualify or quantify the benefit beyond just saying that it ensures different viewpoints I would be happy to reverse my opinion.
Party loyalty created a bandwagon effect where people can just vote based on the party they generally agree with. It happens in America every time. When there aren't parties, there are two ways to vote. Look at the candidates views or pick at random. Those who pick at random will most likely do that anyway or just not vote. Not having parties would be beneficial in India. They need to avoid the trap America fell into.