Affirmative Action makes judgements based on race. This in itself is racist. There's no such thing as reverse racism, only racism because any ethnic group can be judged based purely on their lineage.
Ethnic groups are nonstatic and highly opinion based. To qualify as an indigenous Australian (and therefore receive more privileges) you have to have someone who is indigenous somewhere in your family tree (no matter how far back they are, it still counts) and have someone within the community say you are one and to simply identify as being one. This goes for other ethnic groups and applies to America.
Affirmative Action aims to assist socio-economically disadvantaged ethnic minorities, but couldn't this be fixed by putting more funding into the support of disadvantaged families? Not only is this solution not judging people based on race, but it also puts more much-needed funding into assisting low-income families, which can be of any ethnicity.
The most qualified person should get the job regardless of ethnicity, and if ethnic minorities (i.E. African Americans) aren't filling the quotas naturally then the solution isn't to give the false impression that they are doing just as well, the solution is to assist disadvantaged groups.
Affirmative action is when a person is selected for something primarily for the reason of being a non-white. Martin Luther King would strongly advocate against this, as in his famous "I Have A Dream" speech, one of the most famous things he said was:
"I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character."
As affirmative action is giving bonuses to ethnic minorities and not whites is judging by the color of one's skin, Affirmative action goes directly against Doctor King's dream of people being judged solely by the content of their character. Affirmative action is an Identitarian policy just like Jim Crow laws were, and must be stopped.
Affirmative action was designed to help minorities have a chance to get into post-secondary schools. The issue with this is that it implies that minorities are not as capable and intelligent, leading to lower performance for those minorities. If everyone assumes you are stupid and incapable, it would be very difficult to get past that and strive for more. Lack of intelligence was never the cause of issue for students getting into post-secondary schools but this is implied by affirmative action.
You cannot expect to discriminate in order to end discrimination, two wrongs do not make a right. First of all some jobs are dominated by women and there has never been any movement arguing that they should discriminate against women in order to get men into these jobs. This law is based in the false premise that women are paid less than men for what they do, when if you look closely at the variables women earn equal to men for doing the exact same work. The reason some give for this legislation is that women on average earn less than men. This is true, but is a perfectly natural result of women's choices. Women are more likely to work part time, men are more likely to hold seniority at their place of work, women are more likely to choose a satisfying less paid job whereas men are more likely to work in unsatisfactory conditions for more pay. Supporters of affirmative action concentrate solely on the statistic that women earn less than men without evaluating the reasons for it, instead opting to create laws which will cause less skilled workers to get into places of crucial work within companies.