In logic and philosophy, an argument is a series of statements typically used to persuade someone of something or to present reasons for accepting a conclusion. The general form of an argument in a natural language is that of premises (typically in the form of propositions, statements or sentences) in support of a claim: the conclusion. The structure of some arguments can also be set out in a formal language, and formally defined "arguments" can be made independently of natural language arguments, as in math, logic, and computer science.
In a typical deductive argument, the premises are meant to provide a guarantee of the truth of the conclusion, while in an inductive argument, they are thought to provide reasons supporting the conclusion's probable truth. The standards for evaluating non-deductive arguments may rest on different or additional criteria than truth, for example, the persuasiveness of so-called "indispensability claims" in transcendental arguments, the quality of hypotheses in retroduction, or even the disclosure of new possibilities for thinking and acting.
The standards and criteria used in evaluating arguments and their forms of reasoning are studied in logic. Ways of formulating arguments effectively are studied in rhetoric. An argument in a formal language shows the logical form of the symbolically represented or natural language arguments obtained by its interpretations.
Just restating the claim is not to argue. The key is to provide reasons. How deep do the reasons have to go? That "depends". People can ask reasons for your reasons–ask you to defend your reasons. "While this can go on forever, most arguments are self-limiting. Sometimes a point of common knowledge or agreement is reached, while at other times you may arrive at a point of fundamental disagreement. Separating reasons and claims, examining them carefully, will aid you in learning what are the crucial differences between you and your opposer. Knowledge about crucial differences is valuable; once it is known, the chances of reaching some consensus can be judged. How basic is the difference? Is it an irreconcilable difference? These are important questions."
Many people find themselves getting into arguments all the time. Others may find themselves only getting involved in peaceful interactions. But I find the ones end up in arguments are able to speak what they think is wrong or right. Or, they can voice their opinion on how they feel towards any given topic. Although arguing can sometimes hurt relationships, it's better to say what you think (within reason) than to let people think what they want you to think.
And I think also shows a conflict of information, whether it's because of a contradiction or because one lacks info the other has. I do not think arguments have any use after that. Well, they definitely have a use, but I'd hardly call it beneficial (except maybe to the winner). It's just a war of rhetoric (which can be fun, this being what this site's about) that doesn't really progress or regress anything. Uh...Actually, never mind! Sure it can progress/regress something.
Originally I was gonna be "No", but arguing seems kinda all right now.