Contrary to popular belief, fascism can be most accurately defined as the political belief that the state is more important than the individual. This belief is what allowed fascists to justify pursuing "racial purification" of humanity. They considered the individual rights of those they killed as less important than the greater good that they fervently believed would come to humanity through the supremacy of a certain race. Essentially, fascism focussed on community, rather than the individual, which is undoubtedly a hallmark of the left wing.
In fact, Nazi is an acronym for National SOCIALIST German Worker's Party. (In German) Obviously a self-declared socialist worker's party is very clearly left-wing.
Also, the right-wing is always considered to be more focused on religion than the left, and fascist states were bitterly opposed to religion. The Nazis actually set up a religion called positive christianity which incorporated racial elements and the swastika, and was intended to gradually move Germany away from Christianity toward "mystical Darwinist vitalism" based on ancient Vedic (aryan) rituals. Mussolini was forced to cooperate with the Catholic Church to some extent because the Italian people were overwhelmingly devout Catholics. However, on a personal level, Mussolini was always very contemptuous of religion, and often privately referred to priests as "black flies".
Finally, when fascism was on the rise throughout Europe, it was the ideology of young liberals, based on bold new ideas like eugenics that conservatives shunned.
Fascism is a very unique form of government, there's no doubt about that but many of the characteristics of it can be seen on both sides or solely to the left. For example nationalistic pride, to say that this is an example of Fascism is to call people like George Washington Fascist, pride in your country isn't truly being Fascist. There is then the issue of the state, in Fascism the state rules all, while it allows the free market to flourish to some degrees in the end the state dictates what's done and when. If in general American terms the left is defined by more government and the right is defined by less government, makes no sense to say the right-wing is the proper home of Fascism.
Take a good look at the other policies that Hitler imposed on his people that we never hear about. Hitler always talked about what was best for the common good or the "people," not the individual. He put regulations on smoking and even on soda consumption. Not to mention his hate for Jewish Capitalism.
Put simply, most of the -ism's are collectivist big-government anti-individual political systems, pure and simple. American leftists and progressives, like stealing the word Liberal, simply changed the definition of Fascism to paint their political enemies and a bad light. Simply put, Fascism was to the right of Communism; so therefore it must be a right-wing ideology.
When the people arent individuals anymore but a part of a all knowing all powerfull government who imposes its will on a people, its left. Extreme right is anarchy, total freedom and no government, how is fascism the next closest thing to that. Right wing and conservatism is all about individual rights and the notion of you do your thing and I'll do my thing and as long as we dont infringe on each other's freedoms we dont care what either persons do with their freedom. Being racist and obeying an all powerfull government that forces everyone to be equal dealing in absolutes. Not even close to Far Right, complete opposite of the right
It has Left wing economic policies that created the "Economic Miracle" and brought 6000 000 unemployed Germans back into their jobs in under two years, boosted German science and technology to surpass the richest countrys that had condemned it 14 years earlier.
In terms of social policies, its highly "Right wing"; including Ethno Nationalism, Clerical Fascism, while maintaining that the lowliest peasent is needed in society as the leader himself.
It had no intention of promoting "White Supremacy" but pride in ones own unique and valuable people. This was seen in the phenomenon known as the the Waffen-SS; volunteers from some 40 different countrys, from all races would volunteer and die for a common idea and faith known as National Socialism.
The "Fascism" we see today promotes the nonsensical "White Supremacism" that Adolf Hitler not only resented , but never once did he; or any other National Socialist/Fascist enforce.
"Neo-Nazism" was created into the misrepresentation we see today by the Jewish pedophile "Frank Collins"; he came up with the notion that "Adolf Hitler was a disappointment because he didn't kill every Jew" ; the "Holocaust hadn't been pushed on the American public until Frank Collins had made these statements in 1970, when he marched on a suburb that had a majority if alleged "Holocaust Survivors" as well as the Ideology of "White Supremacy" that people most commonly think of when they hear the name Adolf Hitler.
The Left/right wing political partys as well as "Democracy" that control most nations on earth, share one common ideology, Liberalism.
Fascism demands an expansion of state power and interference in the free market. The further right wing one gets the smaller the government becomes until you reach anarchal-capitalism.
At most fascism is slightly right of socialism, the mid point between capitalism and socialism, usually with the addition of nationalism of some kind which is neither left or right.
I think the logic behind fascism being right wing is that the right wing party in america at least is so weak on it's principles and so willing to compromise that they're close to left wing now. The right wing is now the middle ground.
The only thing more leftist than fascism is communism. Both are government control by dictators. Far right is Anarchy, or no government. Socialism isn't quite as military centered as fascism but government runs most social programs. Capitalism in a free republic should be center right with government controlling a few things like the military, taxes, the courts, the money, and a few other specific tasks only. Everything else run by states and or the free people.
Though fascism bears some similarities to socialism in its economic practise, it does not bear the progressive values of leftist cultural discourse. Fascism claims to be a third position between capitalism and communism and rightly so - it collectivises the individuals in a manner controversially compared to socialism (fascism heavily regulates businesses to make them fit the state objective) but its moral values are distinctly anti-leftist and rightist.
Fascism borrows elements from the left (in its anticapitalist discourse) to ignite populist sentiment - it is not left wing in its moral values. There is a collectivist right wing (fascism) and an individualist left wing (anarchism/liberitarian socialism) - the left wing is not inherently fascist. The right-wing provided the moral foundations of modern fascism - fascists innovated economically (national socialism/syndicalism) and governmentally to appease the working class.
It is diametrically opposed to right wing capitalism or Laissez-Faire. An example would be if you owned a factory. You may OWN the factory, but you will be told by the state what to produce, how many units, costs, and wages to be paid, for the benefit of the country - not the owner/business. One small example.
By definition, basically. Fascism is unbridled nationalism. Nothing outside the state, nothing above the state, everything within the state. Furthermore, Fascism asserts that one nation is inherently better than all others. This hierarchical viewpoint is characteristic of extreme right-wing ideology. Liberalism, in contrast, is usually opposed to nationalism and tends to encourage equality.
The DEFINITION of Fascism is "an authoritarian and nationalistic right wing system of government and social organization". While many sociologists and political analysts correctly state that it is difficult to place a system which got its roots from many sources on a traditional left-right spectrum, the majority place it as extreme right wing due to its social policies as well as its rabid nationalism.
Contrary to what some opinions here have stated, you cannot determine "right wing" and "left wing" simply by how much role the government has- that's a quite recent American definition only, something that has fluxed significantly in our history. Whether a system is "left" or "right" is determined by a host of factors including social organization and policy and treatment of other nationalities. Scholar Roderick Stackleberg put it best: "the more a person deems absolute equality among all people to be a desirable condition, the further left he or she will be on the ideological spectrum. The more a person considers inequality to be unavoidable or even desirable, the further to the right he or she will be". Fascism's hatred for egalitarianism places it as the latter.
The fact that fascism is violently hostile to liberal democracy and socialism mark it as "right wing". It also embraces many other right wing positions, such as xenophobia, ethnocentrism, social conservatism, totalitarianism, sexism/chauvanism, extremely conservative sexual mores, and palingenesis.
Fascism is a social political ideology that has never fully been implemented. Societies (governments) that have tried get stuck in the communistic stage of development. When a dictator finally creates a totalitarian or oligarchy regime they don't want to give it over to the people to complete the theory. I would say in theory its more right but in practice its more left..Really neither one though.
I was taught in school that instead of the linear line of political spectrum we should think of it more as a circle, with the extreme of the left and right meeting to complete the circle but that being said, lets take what an actual fascist said his definition of it was
"Fascism should more appropriately be called Corporatism because it is a merger of state and corporate power."
So as you can see it does indeed seem like the circle idea of political ideology makes some sense, Corporate power is generally considered a right wing thing, and state power is generally a left wing thing.
But the better question would be is facism the extreme of the left or right and I would say it is the extreme of the right and communism is the extreme left, but they are actually quite similar in practice.
What is being left-wing about if not a belief in equality? The far left want something close to absolute equality of outcome for all individuals. And what was Nazism if not the polar opposite of that? Whole categories of people were considered so worthless that they were exterminated. On a less horrific note, the Nazis also reversed much of the earlier move towards gender equality in Germany.
Fascism is traditionally though of as a right wing political mechanism through which extreme nationalism and devotion to the state are used to justify horrific policies and practices. As but one example, the Nazi party in Germany is perhaps history's most well-known and infamous fascist regime, and it was considered right wing.
Fascism is the merger of the state and capitalism. The left-wing fights for a more egalitarian society. Left-wing doesn't mean more government. Fascism is anti-egalitarian, with instances of racism, smashing labor unions, and merging the state and capitalist hierarchy. Fascism is extremely anti-communism. The left-wing has been vehemently anti-fascist, fighting in all respects against it.
Fascism is a populist movement defined by a few major factors: Nationalism, Traditional Values, Militarism, and A state controlled but privately owned economy.
As previously stated: The "big government" argument is poorly constructed in the left right spectrum. While American conservatives like to accuse the liberals of "big government", in reality, the difference between left and right is not the size of government but where the resources should be allocated. The same can be said for the argument that fascism is a step removed from Communism. In fact, Communists have historically been enemy number one for Fascists. Modern civil discourse, particularly in the United States, has seen an increasing amount of individuals on the right that have chosen to make the Fascism as left wing argument. Such an argument is simply not supported by history or political science. It would be fair to say that Fascism and Communism are at extreme ends of the spectrum and, if you imagine the spectrum as a circle or triangle, may touch and their totalitarian extremes.
I will break down why it is a right wing movement.
Nationalism: More than "national pride", nationalism emphasizes the exceptionalism of the nation. The people and culture are special and should not be corrupted by outside cultures. This can cross with traditional values. Hitler looked to traditional German culture, Franco to ultra conservative Catholicism, Mussolini to Roman virtues. The goal was to create a heterogeneous culture base off of traditional national values. The belief is one language, one religion, one culture. Intellectuals, foreigners, etc. are outsiders and troublemakers. This does not fit with the international, inclusive, pro cultural mixing ideals of the left. It does, however, fit with any conservative movement in any nation, only on steroids.
Militarism: People should be armed to defend the nation. The military should be strong to defend the national interests. And no, Hitler didn't take all the guns away, most of the people were too busy being part of the war effort, either fighting in it, serving in volkstrum, or manufacturing munitions.To give up weapons that would be used against enemies of the state. And those contracts go to private companies using government money. The left prefers to avoid military expansion and prefers to perform government functions in house.
While people jump to Nazism right away,t Italy, Spain, and Argentina had fascist governments. As a side note, the naming of the party has more to do with populism than right/left politics. In addition, naming conventions have changed over time and across cultures. Liberal used to simply mean pro democracy while conservatives pushed for the status quo, including monarchy. If any of the founders of the U.S., left or right, and yes there was a left and right wing on different issues, heard the word liberal, they would all identify as such. Yet I doubt today that any conservative in the U.S. would say that he or she was looking for monarchy. Using ninety year old naming conventions simply doesn't win the argument.
For some, "left-wing" means "collectivist" (in sociology as opposed to economics) whilst "right-wing" means "individualist". By this definition, fascism is certainly "left-wing". However, this is an overly simplistic dichotomy, making no distinction between horizontal and vertical forms of collectivism or between nationalist collectivism and socialist collectivism (of course these last two are not mutually exclusive).
I define Right and Left as "supporting" and "opposing" the established social structure and "way of things" respectively.
Fascists were opposed to both capitalism (for its individualism) and socialism (for its egalitarianism). Whereas capitalism is the private ownership and control of business and industry, and socialism is the state ownership and control of business and industry, National Socialism - an extreme form of fascism instituted in Germany - left business mostly under private ownership but had it rigidly controlled by the state to serve the national interest (as opposed to working-class interests). Fascists destroyed trade unions, used the public purse to subsidise their favoured businesses, and protected the existing social structure through oppression of the working class and the provision of scapegoats (like the Jews) to distract them from revolutionary action - the Nazis wanted national unity and "class collaboration" and thus were opposed to Marxist notions such as "class struggle". Fascism also had very traditional views towards the role of men and women in society; they were utterly social conservative and nationalist and in these respects they were right-wing. This isn't to say that the fascists weren't influenced by the Left. Indeed, many fascists were socialists: Mussolini, for example, was originally staunchly socialist (but later asserted that Fascism was opposed to socialism in "The Doctrine of Fascism"); the Strasser brothers led the left wing of the Nazi party (though one was murdered during The Night of the Long Knives and the other was chased around the world by his right-wing partisans). Fascists also believed that the state had a role in ensuring the welfare of its members - in other words, they believed in having a welfare state. Of course for the Nazis this welfare was to be available only for Aryans. The Nazis believed in equality of opportunity for Germans (provided you were an Aryan male) - in fact "equality of opportunity" was how Hitler defined his form of socialism. The Nazis believed in hierarchy by merit and in this way were in fact opposed to the nobility and middle classes whose supremacy they deemed "unnatural". The Italian Fascists were "trenchocrats" who believed in the leadership of war heroes. It is important to note that the more radical left-wing elements in most fascist movements were kept in line by their leaders, who needed to keep conservatives on board: Franco kept the revolutionary Falange in line, Hitler had his left-wing partisans murdered, and Mussolini tried to curtail the powers of the regional Fascist leaders.
The difference between left wing and right wing is the manner in which wealth is distributed. Right wing systems believe that the survival of the fittest and preservation of tradition is best for society. This often leads to an open market and less government control, as those who earn more money are those who should survive. Left wing systems, on the other hand, believe in egalitarianism, where sharing wealth equally is believed to be best. This often leads to a stricter control by the government to oversee economic equality. Fascism indeed has a very large government structure, but the core values belong to the right wing.