There is no "debate" in the scientific community. Or even most religious, for that matter. The only people denying evolution and Big Bang cosmology are small pockets of ignorant, uneducated fundamentalists in the Third World and sadly America.
To even call it a "debate" is like asking if the "debate" on geocentric versus heliocentric solar system models can be resolved- it's acting as if it is a given that some controversy exists where there is none.
First of all, we need to realize that this is a false dichotomy. Evolution is not a theory concerned with the origin of life. Secondly, we need to realize that evolution is a science, backed up by verifiable, repeatable evidence, while creationism is an unfalsifiable claim. They don't even belong in the same discussion. Eventually two things will end the debate.
1) The older generation will die out and the younger generation will grow up learning facts.
2) Greater access to information will improve our education making evolution denial nearly impossible.
Given that both Evolution and Theology make claims, we can evaluate those claims and see first if they are logical, and second if they conform to what we know and observe about the universe and its laws. As an example, here is a simplified train of logic.
1. Evolution says all living things have a single common ancestor. 2. It says that there are many different possible way organisms could have evolved. 3. Evolution says that life springing up on Earth was a natural probable event given the conditions on Earth at the time.
Now add to these claims that Logic tells us the formation of proteins occurred at many spots on the ancient Earth. Some died out and did not make it to "life". Others obviously made it.
How probable is it that out of the entire surface of the Earth, only one little site of forming proteins made it to life? No, there probably would have been several that "made it". (Mathematics is logic)
The chances are astronomical that either 1. Organisms today do not all belong on the same "Tree of Life", 2. The claims above (and others) made by Evolution are incorrect, or Evolution is untrue.
This does not settle the question but demonstrates that we can move towards the resolution using logic. The same process (though a little more in depth than above in a real investigation) can be done for Theology.
Only the most dogmatic of religious fanatics refuse to accept the theory of evolution is fact: these are the type of ultra-orthodox Christians that years ago refused to accept that the world was round or that the Earth revolved around the sun and not the other way round. Future generations will laugh at their ignorance.
It is possible to the degree that certain fundamental positions can be proven irrational... When people on opposing sides of the Origins debate finally come to the realization that no one has an exclusive claim to the scientific data (for instance)--that we all do the same science and have access to the same information/evidence--then the debate can progress to a rational analysis of the competing worldviews. Since a worldview provides a framework for interpreting the common information/evidence and expressing distinct truth claims, rational analysis of competing worldviews can provide a logical resolution to the Origins debate.
Sure, one day the truth will be known, but when? That's the question. Nobody knows. We barely can clone living things now, but maybe one day we'll be able to see with our own eyes a life form evolving into a different species. Then, we would had proven evolution to the eyes of many. However, that proof will not remove Creationism. It'll be even longer, who knows, maybe near the end of time, when we will have proven or disprove that theory.
First off, I agree with Splenic_Warrior that evolution is not a theory of origins, it is a theory of progress. In the logical paradigm of evolution, humanity is not a finished product. The origin of life is when we were born, in that paradigm (imho). Might we be able to weed out the Christian creation or story or the current evolution paradigm at some point? Yes. There are innumerable other options. I think at some point, the Creation story will die away as most other ancient accounts of human origin have. But that does not necessarily mean evolution is the correct answer. And if it, it still does not preclude the exist of something God-like. Evolution could be entirely material/natural and random, it could be that the "universe" (God?) provides impetus for symbiotic devlopment, it may be that human life originated on other planets (that would push origin discovery bit to a different planet..). In short, we will likely never know. And certainly not with certainty. For those who harbor great faith in science, remember, science itself hardly ever provides us with the final answer. It provides us with the best available solution at a given time. The theory of evolution 100 years from today, if it still exists, will be markedly different than the current theory. Already, we have seen Charles Darwin's origin ideas (random mutation, survival of the fittest) require significant revision as the passage of time brings new information into play. Ideas involving God are inherently unknowable (with any certainty), and ideas of science are inevitable temporal (and we can never know which ideas will stand the test of time: few believed Newton's concept of gravity would require correction, etc).