Of course memorization is learning. How can we call it learning if afterwards we retain nothing. Memorization is how we learn. If we retain the information that is taught to us, then we have effectively ¨learned¨ it. Memorization is the key to learning, and without it we would never learn anything.
Certainly it remains necessary. I wonder if when Einstein was considering complex physics and math, he "looked up" his times tables each time he had to do a calculation. A football that does not memorized his role on each play, has not learned and will be a poor teammate. A brain surgeon who has to google the steps to a surgery each time he does them, would not inspire much confidence in his patients. Memorization is not all learning but it is a component of learning. The fundamentals should be down to memory. In an athlete, to get to a higher level, repetition is necessary to create muscle memory so that when competing your body does not have to rethink every action each time you do it.
There are all types of learning. Some things we have to learn how to do physically, such as riding a bike. Other things, we have to learn how to think; similar to learning physically, we are learning how to do a thing. There are other things that we just need to know (ie, vocabulary, geography), this is the place for memorization.
It's like memorizing a book, and not understanding the plot. I'll give you the benefit of the doubt. You still need to memorize, but this is different than your usual memorization. I'm talking about working memory. For example, multiplication tables. It's bad to make students sit down every day for one minute, to solve multiplication problems. Instead, it's better to teach them how multiplication works, and the intuition behind it. You still need to solve multiplication problems, but don't just make them do it each day for a minute. Instead, move on, to maybe geometry or something. Give them problems, where they have to think of the answer, and use multiplication to get it. Teaching like this is better, as it doesn't give students the impression that math is just about arithmetic, calculation. Instead, it teaches kids that arithmetic is more of a tool box, and it the last step of solving a problem. Hell, the problems don't need to be about arithmetic. It can be something like geometry or logic. Aside from that, if they keep using multiplication as a tool, then they begin to get the hang of it. They get used to the tool, and then they remember the tool. See, it's better than sitting down every day for a minute doing anxiety-filled multiplication drills! Anyways, enough about working memory. It's better to understand than memorize, because instead of giving students the impression that they have to memorize formulas and plug-and-chug numbers for good grades, and that the formulas work because "their teachers said so", they instead understand why the formula works, how mathematicians derived it, and they grasp the intuition behind it. Sorry for the long response, but it pisses me off how classes like these cause so many students to hate math. Well this isn't the only reason, but it's a big one, and it's a reason for math anxiety. Anyways, that's enough.
If you memorize a book, you won't understand the plot. I'll give the benefit of the doubt. You still have to memorize, as long as you understand it too. It's called working memory. It's like understanding how you got your results, enough times to remember it. Doesn't mean you should give your kids tests, so that they can sit and solve equations over and over for an hour. It means you should move on while making them do the underlying calculations as well. What I mean is that they should learn how addition, multiplication, how arithmetic works. They should do the calculations, but they shouldn't do multiplication drills every day for a minute. Instead, they should move on, maybe to geometry or something, and still doing the calculations where they begin getting the hang of it. Then, when they get used to the calculations, they begin to remember what they've calculated, and then they know their multiplication tables. See, it's better than anxiety-filled multiplication drills each day! Plus, focusing on the calculations last, after learning the underlying concept (maybe geometry or something), actually teaches them that math isn't just about arithmetic, calculation, all that stuff. Hell, you can use that to your advantage and teach them properties of arithmetic. Explain why multiplication is distributive over addition, why it's commutative. Not just memorizing them, as if "It works because our teachers said so". Not only arithmetic, but explain the formulas, how mathematicians derived the formulas, the intuition behind it. Instead of having to plug and chug numbers and write down answers each day. Sorry for the long response but our math education these days really piss me off. It makes students hate math.
Memorization does not allow students to comprehend what they are learning and prevents them from thinking critically. Although it may be a good method of retaining good grades, it does not aid in increasing the intelligence of an individual. Shortcuts never lead to success in the manner of memorization. The time used to memorize facts or information takes up useful time that could have be used to do something else that is more productive.
Memorization is the commitment of words to memory (no that is not a dictionary definition.) It shows no actual comprehension of the words, nor comprehension of even the subject matter. It is necessary, for example, to memorize important vocabulary words. However, it is completely useless to memorize almost anything else- poems, famous speeches, Shakespeare (unless you are in a Shakespearean play), etc. I believe it is very harmful to the learning process to memorize. It consumes time that could otherwise be spent studying and understanding the material. As Einstein said, "Never memorize something that you can look up."
Unfortunately it tends to be what passes for learning today. They think that if only the student memorizes they will be learning. However learning is being able to think critically, something you don't get form memorization. I think part of this focus on memorization has to do with how the standards are set up with an emphasis on testing.
Shortcut never leads to success in the same manner memorization and grasping is only limited till the exams. The outer world cannot be subdued by just muging up the principles. If everyone starting mugs up the future of our earth would be dark. If we start grasping then how would we be practically intelligent.
How it can be i can never understand.......
If everything goes to be memorized how man/boy can apply the principles and things like that in real life.Its a good method of getting good grades but it doesn't help or it can never increase the practical abilities of a guy. I agree that something things have to be memorized but it can never do in real life not for learning anything. Take an example of scientists if they only memorized everything how they would have been invented or identified the new things and stuff ........