From the lack of smog and pollution to the increased need to walk, take care of property and work around the home, rural living is definitely more beneficial to health than urban living. That said, urban living does provide accessibility in terms of seeing more specialists and visiting spas and gyms.
There are many aspects of rural environments that could potentially be beneficial to health. There is usually less pollution in rural environments. The pace is also slower in rural areas and they tend to be less congested as well, which facilitates less stress. All of these characteristics of rural environments, when proper advantage of them is taken, can contribute to a healthier lifestyle than that available in an urban area.
Rural living allows you to live off the local land, far away from the inner cities. The inner cities are filled with pollution from factories, filth from overcrowded neighbors, and more concentrations of diseases. In rural areas, population is more spread out, you are free from factory pollution and closer to nature.
Rural life is hard and typically filled with hard manual labor that breaks bodies down faster. On top of that, good healthcare is much more sparse in rural regions across the country. In urban settings, there are many outlets for healthy physical activity, such as gyms, biking and hiking trails, parks and jogging paths. Not only physical health is better in cities, but also mental health. According to the Department of Health and Aging, suicide rates are 50 percent higher in rural settings than in urban areas.