First, evidence is that for any education system to be successful, you need to have a successful model, and American education model is far superior than Chinese. Secondly,the criterion of English is more applicable to American as the Chinese are less fluent, and there are less number of English-speaking people compared to American. Thirdly,the number of students and professionals enrolling in US universities and colleges rather than the colleges and universities in China.
The best advantage of u.s. education system is that students have freedom. Not the freedom of loaf the day, but the freedom of choose our own future. The situation was so different in China. I lived in China for twelve years, I do think that my math teacher made smarter then the students in u.s., but China's education system also made me feel scared of school. If I don 't do good on a final or even just a test, the punishment would either be get yelled and beat by teacher, or have a tons of homework. And this started for even in elementary school! So not only me, ninety percent of chineses students don't like school, school is just like the hell for them. But it would so different in u.s., I can feel the freedom, and I can feel that I am learning knowledge for myself instead of teacher's wage! U.s. education is just like a free -zon, we could controlled our own fate!!
There is much to be said for China's education system. Clearly, the system creates smart children. However, beyond knowing facts and formulas, an education system should prepare its children for the future. The United States system develops and encourages free thinking, whereas China oppresses such ideas. Thus, American children leave the education system with an advantage that Chinese children do not.
The United States via legislation guarantees education for all. While the education a student receives varies from region to region, all children are ensured education until they are 21 years old. Additionally, unlike China, we offer grants to low income families to break cycles of poverty. All of these are somewhat relative, and only apply to this moment, as political parties in the U.S. are trying to decrease all of the above mentioned programs.
China screens and decides where students would best excel. They are guided toward the areas where they would best succeed to serve the country. Others are not included in the posted test scores as they are guided toward vocational trades where, again, they would best serve the country. No room for self motivation. If we continue to try to make ALL students "fit the mold" our scientific invention, artistic expression will be lost. We are not putting children on assembly lines. We have freedom to pursue our dreams and goals. That is more important than a "score" which is not the true way to judge ability.
The US system, though it has its faults, is quite strong. We have excellent universities and schools of higher education. Our education program is currently suffering from an effort (rightful) to expand education opportunities to all. However, our schools are open to all and provide quality education for all.
I think that China's school children do not have the same opportunities that U.S. school children have. The quality of education potential is higher, here in the U.S. I think there is a drastic difference in how we educate, compared to China, especially in very small towns and villages. Here, we more or less have the same opportunities, no matter where we reside.
I believe that the U.S. is superior to China, in regards to education. We give all students a chance to succeed. Our students are not punished if they are not the highest ranked in their class, or lowest ranked in their class. In China, children start at a young age to prepare for a test called the Gao Kao. This one test is taken in high school and the scoring of that test determines if and where they will go to college. Once their score is computed, they also don't have the choice of their major, as the administrator chooses it for them. In the U.S., placement of which college you go to is based on scoring, but not to the same extent as China. We make our own decisions as to where we want to go to college, and work that much harder to achieve those goals.
China is known to have an international educational curriculum. Thus in the united states, we practice individualism, where students are eligible to take classes on their own rather than being force to take it as a source of internationalism. China students are superior because they don't receive second chances or help program like d.a.r.e. In other words, if students tend to mess up, they are in great trouble. So the advantages or being educated in the united states overlook the country scale test.
There is no doubt that schools in America lack. It is easy for students to slip through the cracks, and progress with mediocre effort. In some public schools, the issues students face- at home or in their community contribute to a substandard network of support. There is also, admittedly, a insufficient motivation on the part of some teachers and students. But this happens in China too, where there is no support network, and opportunities are severely restricted based upon students performance. If you are good at focusing, good at rote memorization, and good at taking tests, the Chinese system, with heavy emphasis on nationalized exams, (the Xiao Kao, Gao Kao, etc) will be great for you. Just make sure to do your best on the subjects you're interested in because your scores will determine your future. However, if you are a nervous test taker, have any educational disabilities, want to build capacity in areas outside of the narrow focus you will find yourself streamed into (through test scores,) or simply want a second chance when the first thing your try doesn't work out then the US provides a vastly improved system. Of course countries with education systems focused on teaching to standardized tests are going to perform better on standardized tests, (especially when they can pick and choose the scores reported for international comparisons.) This doesn't necessarily demonstrate that the students within such a system are truly more competitive. Basically, what do you want, a Jack of all trades, or a master of 1? <-- this is all generalization, in both systems, families, friends and friends can help to provide more support.
As to discipline. (incredible generalization below) America = too little, Students may or may not do homework, they may spend too much time on computers/videogames/tv.
China = too much, ill focused. Wake up at 6:30am, go to class until 9:30pm (there are breaks) Rinse and repeat 12 days out of 14.
In athletic terms a marathoner who runs 26mi/day every day of the week will be no more competitive than a marathoner who runs an average of 26 miles every 2 weeks.
The US system, while giving much space and choice for students is not making them work hard enough. When they give homework, it lasts most students up till 6 o'clock. And then they have nothing more to do. Which means watching meaningless TV shows. Had the homework amount increase. Students would spend more time learning.
The U.S. education system is inferior to China's because we are letting our children pass when they haven't learned the material. We are to lenient in our schools in the U.S.
More disciplined system, seems to bare better results. The United States system seems to be to lackadaisical and lacking motivation from both students and teachers. I think a more difficult and disciplined system is essential for a solid education. I believe that a strong structure and a lot of discipline is needed now more than ever because of all of the distractions that today's students have, including gadgets, internet, TVs, video games, etc...Need more discipline!!
Since the passage of No Child Left Behind and the consequences that are placed on schools if their students don't pass the tests as determined by the law, our educational system has put sole emphasis on teaching to the test. This is not a way to build a generation who love learning, who can think critically and become expert problem solvers in our modern world. I think most developed countries and others like China who stress education are passing the United States by. We will have a population who only knows the answers to the 40 questions on the test and not much else.
The United States educational system, particularly the public education system, is inconsistent in its application. Public schools in urban areas are barely able to keep students safe, let alone teach them to read. The United States must make a concerted effort to improve its educational system, or it will continue to fall behind international educational programs. The Chinese system places a far greater emphasis upon educating students for future success and is superior to that of the United States.
The U.S. education system (school and high school) is extremely liberal. American students decide to put only small efforts in studying science and mathematics and consequently the system is not helping to create tomorrow's scientist. In China. both science and math are fundamental parts of its education systems. Education is based on mandatory requirements for all students in order for them to know where they real capabilities are. The Chinese system is good to identify people's strengths. As you see, that is why U.S. colleges are very interested in accepting Chinese students.
My evidence for this is working in a job that deals with high school students as employees and customers. Everyday I am baffled at some of the questions I hear. For example, someone was talking about running half of a marathon in the coming weeks. One of the "kids" asked how far that was and the reply was 13.1 miles. When the man left, about 5 recently graduated teenagers came over and asked me how long a full marathon was. I couldn't believe it! These "kids" all carry high school diplomas, the same as mine, and they can't do a simple math equation of 13.1 plus 13.1 or 13.1 times 2. Sadly, these kinds of questions are a daily thing and every time I can't believe they have high school diplomas.
With Texas making drastic changes to history books, promoting the teaching of creationism and omitting founding fathers the education system is in a horrible place. Since Texas has a huge industry for school textbooks, this is quite troubling. This is not far off from China censoring information about the atrocities it has committed.
It has been proven by testing scores that China leads the world with their education system. Their Teachers are more respected, most students have a harder work ethic, and, unlike in the U.S., the Chinese do not separate the higher achieving students from the lower achieving students by tracking levels. (Taken from the University of Michigan article: Comparing U.S. and Chinese) Though the U.S. may seem to allow more creative, the actual scores of the Chinese are way above those of any other country.
I do not need to say more about PISA scores. The purpose of education is to prepare a good citizen in the future. In America, the school gives students the freedom. However, in the long term, it is irresponsibility to the students. Schools should give more pressure on students and compare them internationally.