By pardoning these draft dodgers, Jimmy Carter was going by the philosophy of turning the other cheek. After the Vietnam War ended we realized that it was a ridiculous waste of life and we could not be mad at those who realized the absurdity of the war and got out of the country. These men were not traitors they were just pacifists.
Many Americans were conflicted about the Vietnam War. Some were against it strongly enough that they choose to avoid service. After this unpopular conflict was over, there was no benefit in continuing to punish people who had dodged the draft. By offering pardons, Carter made a strong act on conciliation.
No, the nation was not brought together by the pardon of draft dodgers by Jimmy Carter. Despite whether or not people agreed with the war, they did stand together on the issue of American pride. Dodging the draft was seen as unpatriotic, and it often branded those guilty of the crime as traitors to their country.
Jimmy Carter's pardon of draft dodgers hurt the nation because it highlighted the cowardice of those who refused to serve and made it an okay thing to do. While many people served full terms in jail for the offense, some did not thanks to Carter. What a slap in the face to those that served, and the families of those that died while serving.