If we take into account the great importance and sensitivity of this
issue for the Arctic countries, the points are:
Observers are mainly not interested in harmonious and comprehensive
development of the region and are pursuing only own goals instead (example,
Non-Arctic actors can come out in a united front and thus challenge the ‘genuine’
Arctic countries (e.G. Consolidated stand of China, South Korea, and Japan on High
The Arctic Council membership can be used by observers as an advantage in
economic or political disputes they have with their neighbors (e.G. Territorial
disputes between China and Japan).
When the number of observers reaches certain limit they can try to change the
rules in the Arctic Council (to demand the right to vote, for example).