Children now a days dont think with logic. They take everything at face value and don't take the time to figure it out. The solution is handed to them. That is the trouble with people today. They don't use their brains to their complete potential. It's time for them to start using the brain God gave them.
I think that this is one of the biggest things that is missing in schools these days. Kids across the USA are learning all kinds of things about history, math, and so on, but aren't learning basic life skills such as critical thinking and logic, both of which are crucial.
Yes, I believe that more critical thinking and logic should be taught in schools and that students nowadays are not challenged enough. The world is facing more and more complex problems that will require complex solutions, and it is the job of schools to prepare students to face these challenges through harder and more critical thinking and logic skills.
I agree it is missing, sorely missing. It would improve all other subjects, especially, Science, English and Maths. It would give life skills such as decision making for career pathway, sensible purchasing and whether to believe an article about the dangers of clowns or not.
Would parents who are religious want logic to be taught? I am yet to see a religious debate that doesn't involve the religious person commiting at least one logical fallacy per minute.
Although I agree critical thinking and logic should be taught in schools, they are not the easiest topic to be taught by teachers. Being able to think critically does not mean being good at maths or have good reasoning skills. If critical thinking and logic is taught in schools, the schools would have to set aside resources to teach a topic which would not increase the pass rates or give the students a better grade. Critical thinking is not as simple as denying god through logic or concluding B is true because A is false. There are many factors which could be considered into one's ability to think critically and all can be taught through life lessons or learning from others. Learning critical thinking and logic in school does not mean the students are able to apply these into their daily life. Learning a skills is easy, but constantly applying them is how the student will learn the skills and be able to think critically.
A non thinking person is compliant and makes for a good client for the many forces that exploit these people. The political left, religion, even corporate America on many levels depends on the intellectually disengaged. I'm not sure what the country would look like if the majority of people had critical thinking skills, there would be no Democratic Party, no more Rick Warren's, no homeopathic medicine, chiropractors, gambling ....... It will NEVER happen
High School curriculum has been steadily becoming more advanced. In order to develop a faculty to better understand and reason, it is important that High School students are taught the concepts of formal logic and argumentative fallacy. Logical reasoning becomes essential for enabling a student to logically structure their arguments, to be more persuasive and to be more articulate. Logical concepts will help students to differentiate and process a deluge of information that is increasingly avail to them.
A.) All three seem to present a more complete education
including all the foundational elements of knowledge and information processing.
B.) Leaving out any one of these elements is detrimental to the individual
C.) Leaving out any one of these elements is detrimental to a healthy society
D.) An education system that leaves out #2.) would be a system more intentionally designed to create a high percentage of indoctrinated, unthinking, unreasoning, unquestioning... Obedient members of a society.
*Terms offered as additional ways to describe "logic": Interpret, access (often for accuracy), analyze, organize, catalog, deduce, judge, appraise, evaluate, reason (to infer and formulate/draw conclusions)
Critical thinking and logic are important skills that should be taught to everyone in a democratic society. However, teaching these abstract concepts to young in child development can be shown to be troubling at the least. Once a student is at a susceptible age, these concepts should be taught rigorously.
Critical thinking and logic are important subjects which are largely ignored in schools. Science, philosophy and mathematics all rely on these to produce advances in those fields. It could be that one of the reasons the US has dropped so much in education, particularly in the areas of science and math, is the lack of critical thinking and logic in teaching. Learning by rote and going no farther is only good for a child to learn the basics.
“Should more critical thinking and logic be taught in school?” This is not a well-defined question; it has been thrown out rather loosely.
How are critical thinking and logic defined above?
Are we talking about making sure all students question all their beliefs and make sure they all have solid foundations and evidence to support those beliefs, e.g., choosing between a belief in a God or atheism? Are we talking about decision making resulting in the selection of a course of action among several alternative scenarios, e.g., choosing to buy an American versus a German versus a Japanese automobile?
There is no evidence proffered to show that schools are not teaching enough critical thinking in school.
And, a course in logic is normally a college level course because it deals with propositional and predicate calculi - the foundations upon which modern symbolic logic is built.” See “Beginning Logic” by E. J. Lemmon, which is beyond most high school students, which was my textbook in a philosophy course my junior year in college, which taught me nothing that had any practical application in real life.
Formal logic deals with propositions. Propositions are defined as statements capable of being unequivocally true or false. Formal logic focuses on whether the conclusion follows from the premises. If it does, a chain of reasoning is said to be valid. That is, it has a form such that if the premises are
true, the conclusion must also be true. It is important to note that an argument can have a valid logical form, but consist of completely false propositions. For example:
All fish have lungs
Whales are fish
Therefore whales have lungs
This is logically valid, but consists of false premises and conclusion.
In formal logic this takes a basic logical form, the Modus Ponens, which is the most common schema you will see in formal logic. It takes the following form.
If A, then B.
A is true, therefore B
Example: If it rains, the picnic will be canceled.
It is raining, therefore the picnic is canceled.
“Why teaching critical thinking fails”
I’ve often heard the lamentation from educated secular people that if only we taught critical thinking earlier, say in high school, we wouldn’t have so many people falling prey to pseudoscience, alt med, religion and other outlandish wastes of time. Others blame the education system for botching the job when and where it is taught. All of this is almost certainly wrong, or at least incomplete. The unpleasant truth is that some things we’d like to inculcate in young people who are going to be voters and professors and congressman one day, are things that can’t be taught, at least not in the way that we teach history or math. A person’s effective skeptical faculty relies not merely on the intellectual and factual as we seem to suppose, but on character and emotion.”
By the way, it is the parent's duty to teach life skills.
I believe a child is to be taught how to learn not what to learn. Critical thinking skills are just that...."skills" and life will teach them that as they grow and master all steps of life leading up to the need for such logic. A child has at least 18 years until he/she is considered an adult and the Parent or Guardian is held responsible for them until such time, so NO, they will learn as life plays out.
Facts have been the sole source of curriculum for the entirety of America's pre-college educational system since the country was founded up until the last couple of decades. Critical thinking is a difficult skill to develop in adult learners that voluntarily attend higher learning institutions at their own substantial expense. It is unreasonable to replace fact based education at the K-12 level to develop advanced intellectual concepts when many American students and graduates cannot state all 50 states of our union or even state that there are 50 states. Critical thinking is dependent on identifying and differentiating facts and opinions and we are collectively lacking in that ability (in aggregate) over the last 50 years. Furthermore, young children are typically far more susceptible to influence by the opinions of others, so by asking our teachers to focus on material that is not fact based is a license for them to instill their personal value and points of view into our children because these children are physically incapable of critical thinking on a physiological level with very few exceptions. This is the same reason we don't let six year olds drive cars.