Yes, researching the social structure of an colonies can teach us many things about nature and about ourselves. Such research can also lead to solutions to some of our current problems. Learning new things is never in vain. Science studies always teach us something new that can be useful to humans either right away or down the road.
Scientists have been studying the social behavior of ants and other insects for decades, searching for chemical cues and other signals that the insects use to coordinate behavior. Much of this work has focused on understanding how ants decide where to forage or build their homes. But new research combining observations of ant behavior with modern imaging techniques and computational modeling is beginning to reveal the secrets of ant construction. It turns out that ants perform these complex tasks by obeying a few simple rules.
People are finally starting to crack the problem of producing these structures. Cracking these problems could lead to improvements in swarm robotics, large numbers of simple robots working together, as well as self-healing materials and other systems capable of organizing and fixing themselves. More broadly, identifying the rules that ants obey could help scientists understand how biologically complex systems emerge — for example, how groups of cells give rise to organs.
Studying ant colonies should be a priority for scientific research. Their social structure can teach us a lot about our own social structures, which we can then implement to improve our society. For instance, many beetles are welcomed into ant colonies, which tells us that we can and should welcome outsiders.
The social structure of ant colony's should not be a topic of further research, Unless it is privately funded. Under no circumstances should public tax dollars be used to pay for this kind of research. People work too hard for their money to spend it on bug research. I can't believe this is even in question.